Khawpui bo hmingthang: TROY KHAWPUI KHAW NGE A AWM : TROJAN WAR A TAK TAK A NI EM?

“Helen of Troy” film en tawh tan Troy khawpui Lalnu “Helen-i” hmelthat dan tur a ngaihruat theih. Troy khawpui chuan Western culture leh history te chu kum zabi tam alo luah tawhin, William Shakespeare a ziak “Troilus and Cressida” atanga Wolfgang Peterson’an 2014 a “Iliad” tih a siam Brad Pitt te kan hmuhna thlengin “thawnthu” ngaihnawm a nei a nih hi. Greek hote khawpui hmingthang Troy khawpui chuan ram hmangaihna (heroism) leh politic thila nihna (political identity) bakah, mihring rilru put hmangte a tarlang a ni.

Khawvel mihring hmasa leh fing hmasa, Bible meuh pawhin “Judate chuan chhinchhiahna an phut thin a, Grik te chuan finna an zawng bawk thin” (1 Kor 1:22) a lo tih hial Grik hote chuan thuvauk (myth) thawnthu an nei ngaihnawmin, chung te chu hman lai Mizote suangtuahna khawvela “Ngaiteii thawnthu” te leh “Rih Dil” leh “Pialral-Mitthi khua” ang tluk zetin thawnthu a nei ngaihnawm thin.

Troy khawpui chu khaw upa lutuk ni mahse, khawi hmunah nge a awm tih fiahna erawh thil hlui laichhuaktu (archaeologist) te zarah kan lo rin hriat riak ruak thei ta. Troy khawpui an sawi hi khawpui pakhat chauh ni lovin, khawpui hlun tum 10 dawn, hmakhawsang atanga din thar leh thin niin an hria. Grik epigramist Euenus ngei chuan, “Troy khawpui bo dan chu inhnial theih tak a ni ngei ang. Mahse, Homer- “Troy” khawpui chu ala awm reng a, bronze gate ten an venghim tlat a ni. Greek hote fei ki bar te chuan mi chhun in, min lai chhuak a ni lo. Greek mite hmuiah ngei chuan a ni a awm ni” a ti.

Homer a hnathawh ropui tak chu he Troy khawpui chanchin alo ziak hi a ni. Chu khawpui ropui leh hlui chu khawi lai berah nge a awm tih erawh kum zabi tam her liam tawh vangin, a hmun dik tak chu an hre thei der tawh si lo ! Mithenkhat chuan Troy khawpui chu HISARLIK, Turkey rama mi khu niin an ring ta ber.

He thawnthu (mythology) ngaihnawm leh lungchhiat thlak tak mai, Greek thawnthu (epic) chu Poet hmingthang Homer khan kum zabi 8na BC laiin a lo ziak chhuak a, “Iliad” tih chu Troy khawpui hual behna vanga Greeks sorkar buai dan ziakna niin, “Odyssey” tihah alo lang bawk.

He Troy khawpui la tura beihna hi Greek history ah ral dona ropui ber a ni. Peloponnesian War-ah, he Trojan War-indona aia nasa reng reng hi a hma lam leh hnuah a awm ngai lo niin, kum zabi 5na BC laia Historian Thucydides chuan a sawi. Indona hmingthang tak a ni.

~ Troy khawpui chu khawnge a awm tak?

Inhnialna awm thei chu kum sul tam liamtaah a nih vang a ni. Kum 1200 BC ah Greeks leh Rom-hote chuan Troy khawpui chu luah lehin “Ilios/Ilium” tiin, a hming an phuah niin an sawi a, mahse, kum 500 BC liam tawha thil thlengte chu zu hriat fiah kil kelh rual a ni si lo.

Tunlai khawvelah mi tam tak chuan Troy khawpui chu Turkey rama Hisarlik khu niin an ring ber a. Trojan history kum 4,000 liam tawh chu a dik ber hriat a harsa ta hle a ni. Thenkhat chuan kum 3,000 BC -500 BC inkara thil thleng dik tak chu zu hriatfiah a harsa hle niin an sawi. Iliad bua sawi angin Bronze Age-thir hriam hrei hman tawh hnu, 6th-7th BC Brone Age hun lai Troy VI emaw Troy VIII chu thu hmun anih ring an awm a, chu chu Iliad-ah King Priam khawpui tih a ni.

Greek hoten Troy khawpui an beih nana an hmanraw pawimawh “Sakawr” kha an pathian “Poseidon” lem niin an ring bawk.

~ POSEIDON chu tunge ni?

Greek thawnthuah chuan Poseidon chu Zeus a unaupa niin, khawvel leh tuifinriat te hi thununtuah an ngai. Tuipui leh thlipui te thununa, chung hmanga tharum thawhna thlentirtuah an ruat. Poseidon chuan tuifinriat thuk lai takah a nupui tan chenna hmun a siam sak a, a nupui Thetis chuan fapa hrin sakin, pa ni mai turah a inngai a, mahse, a beisei ang thleng lovin, tuipuimi midang Amphitrite chu nei leh, ani chuan Poseidon chu a ngaina lovin, hla takah a tlanbosan ta daih a. Poseidon chuan thuchah kengtu palai tirin, chung zinga pakhat chu Dolphin-(Thaichhawni nu?) a ni. Chutia tuipui lalpa pasal a neih chuan Poseidon vangin a lo hlim lovin, midang nena inngaihzawnna-extramaital affairs an lo neih phah ta a; Amphitrite chuan a pasalin a ruka hmei a lo kawl chu, thil mak rapthlak (barking monster) ah a chan tir ta.

Poseidon chu tuifinriat chunga lal a nihnaah a lungawi zo lova. Athens hmuna thuneih duhin Athena nen an intibuai ta. Pathian pahnih te chuan inelna neiin, Athenians hote chu tunge thil thlawn pek tha ber (best gift) changtu tur zawk an zawng ta a; Poseidon chuan a ralthuam chu Acropolis ah thlawh tirin, tui hna emaw, sakawr a lo piang ta niin an ngai. Athena pathian chuan Athenians te chu olive thing a pe a. Chutah Poseidon chuan Athena chu inbeih (combat) puiah a cho ta. Mahse, Zeus pathian chuan an buaina chu pathiante kutah ching fel turin a phut a, pathian mipa (male gods) te chuan Poseidon chu an tan ta vek a, pathiannu (goddess) te erawh chuan Athena chu an tan vek thung a. Zeus chuan a vote chu tikhaw tlaiin, pathiannute chuan Athena vote vekin, Athena chu hnehtu a ni ta. Poseidon a lungawilo chuan phuba lak leh thungrulh nan Athens velah tuilian a siam ta a ni. Thuneihna chan tuma a beihna chu a hlawhchham vangin, Naxos chu Dionysus atang lak tumin leh Aegina chu Zeus kut atanga lak tumin a bei a, Corinth pawh Helios kut atangin leh Argolis pawh Hera atangin. Thuneih chakna leh awhna avangin Greek pathian dang Olympians ang lo takin a lar loh phah, an ti.

~ Tunge Troy khawpui lai chhuaktu chu?

Kum zabi AD 19na tirh lam, April 1870 ah German sumdawngmi, a hnua thil hlui laichhuaktu (archaeologist) ni zuita Schliemann chuan Hisarlik hmun hi a lo lai chiam tawh a ni. A sawi danin Homer-a ziak Troy khawpui kawng chhe tawh a lai chhuak niin a sawi a, a thil laihchhuah zingah chuan King Priam a thilte pawh telin, thenkhat chu a nupui inchei nan a pe a sawi a ni.

Shliemann chuan Bronze Age hun laia Troy khawpui (1700-1200 BC) chu thenkhat hmuchhuakin, Troy II na ni thei awmin a sawi. Hei hi tuna mi Iliad a “Troy” khawpui aia kum 1,000 zeta upa zawk niin an ring zawk.

Eric Cline, historian leh archaelogist chuan, “Trojan War” a chhuinaah Schliemann chu mi vannei ber zing a mi a ni. Mahse, a thil laihchhuah dan Map en hian, “Troy chu a hmu chhuak a, mahse, Troy chu a tichhe bawk a ni” a ti.

~ Troy- Bronze Age City :

Kum 3,000 BC ah chuan Troy khawpui chu trade, agriculture leh sanghaman lamah a hmingthang hle. 1180 BC velah khan hetiang khawpui niawm tak tak sakna hmun 9 laiah hmuh chhuah a lo ni tawh a ni. Trojan War ah khan Troy khawpui chu Iliad lehkhabu sawi angin, Greeks hote kutah a tlu a. Archaeologist Manfred Korfmann ten AD 1990’s chhova an chhuichianaah he lai hmun ang renga Troy anihna tur ang hi Europe chhimchhakah a awm lo a ni, a ti.

“Trojan horse” tih chu Greek pathian “Poseidon” (lei tinghingtu) an tih chu niin, natural disaster- leilung dana chhiat rupna hmangin, Troy khawpui hi tihchhiat ni tain a rinawm.

Cline chuan, “Troy tlukchhiatna hi Bronze Age pumpui tlukchhiatna entirna ang a ni” a ti. Homer hian Troy chu tlang nuam thengthaw tak, zothlifim leh chhemdam thli te thawt heuh heuhna a ni, a ti. He Hisarlik khaw awm dan vel pawh hi Troy nen thuhmuna ngaih a ni. Brone Age hun laia mihring 4,000-10,000 chenna khawpui niin alang.

~ Hnamtin chi tin chenna khawpui Troy !

Troy khawpui chu khawpui lian (major city) a ni, tih rinhlelh rual a ni lo. Jonitt Kelder, Oxford University chuan, “Troy chu tunlai London khawpui anga ramdangmi chen tamna a niin, sumdawnna leh pemho pawh an tam hle ang. Kum zabi 14-13 BC ah Troy khawpuiah chuan foreigner an tam hlein ka ring” a ti.

Troy khawpui chu culture ah chauh a ni lo, thavauk (mythology) lamah pawh a hmingthang hle niin alang. Persian (Iran) lal Xerxes chuan Greece ram a fan (expedition) pawhin, Athena pathian hnenah Troy khawpui a tlawh tumin thilpek (offering) a lo hlan tawh a ni. A hnu kum 150 hnuah Alexander the Great chuan Persia Lalram chu hnehin, Troy khawpuiah a chawl a, Athena temple-a Archilles a in atangin phaw a la a, Illiad pawhin chumi chu a copy niin an sawi.

Rom-hote pawhin “Trojan” chungchang an nei. Rom hla phuahtu hmingthang (poet) Virgil chuan, “Aeneid” ah “Trojan Aeneas”- indona atanga tlan chhuakin, Italy ah kalin, Rome khawpui ropui tak dintu (founding father’s) zinga pakhatah a lo tang ta a ni. “Rome khawpui chu ni khata sak zawh a ni lo” tih thufing ropui tak alo chhuah phah. Aeneid hi Emperor Augustus a thupuanzarna ( propoganda) niin, amah ngei chuan “Trojan hero” nena inzawm angin a sawi.

Thenkhat chuan Alexander the Great khan May, 334 BC ah Asia Minor a run a, Persian Empire a beih khan “Troy” hmun tak hi a hria a, a tlawh bawk. A hnenah Rom hoten an pathian chibai buk na hmun Troy khawpui hmun thianghlim (alter) a hlan a ni, an ti. Chumi hnuah Byzantine Empire chu Islamic (Ottoman)hote runna vanga tluchhiain, a bo zo ta a ni. Archaeologist Shliemann khan rangkachak a laih chhuahte chu a nupui tan tiin, Germany ah a hawn a; a hnuah Indopui 2naah Russia sipaiin chungte chu la ve lehin Russia ramah an kawl niin an sawi.

Tun hnaia Mizorama khaw hmun hlui upat hmel tak laihchhuah, uluk taka endik mek “Vangchhia” pawhin Mizo history bung thar leh tun hmaa Mizote khawsak dan leh sulhnu hluite min la hrilhfiah ve theih ngei i beisei ang u.

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