Kovno Ghetto – Kima Sailo.

Hnam tlem emaw sakhaw te zuitu minority te, an puala khua emaw ram bik siamsaka an dah khawmna hi Ghetto an ti a. Indopui pakhatnaa German-in sipai leh mihring tam tak a hloh leh a hnua ram hrang hrang ten an hrek a, a mualpho thei ang bera an siam kha ‘hnam feeling’ la na tak Fuhrer (Hitler-a) chuan ngaithiam thei loin kha’ng hun laia sawrkar leh sumdawnna lama dinhmun sang tak luahtu Jew mi te chu German ram tlukchhiat chhanah puhin Indopui pahnihna a chawk chhuak ta nghe nghe a nih kha. Tichuan Jew te chu an puala awmna tur bik Ghetto, Europe khawmual hmun hrang hrangah siamsakin namen loa nghaisak leh thah an ni a. Ghetto tlukpui tho, Concentration Camp an tihah pawh khawvela mi suatna rapthlak bera chhiar kumkhua ni tawh turin Gas Chamber-ah pawisawi lo nunau tam tak ur hlum an ni bawk.

Lithuania rama Kovno khuaah hian kum sang tam tak kal ta aţang khan Jew mi te an lo khawsa tawh a, he khua aţang hian sakhuana leh politics thil avanga hnawhchhuah leh hruai kir vawi tam tak an lo tawk tawh ţhin. Chuti chung chuan Jewish hmun pawimawh tak niin an sakhaw inzirtirna lamah pawha hmun ropui ber te zinga mi a ni reng a; Synagogue te, hmakhawsang Jew ţawng zirna Yiddish sikul leh Damdawi In te ţhahnem tak a awm ţhin a ni.
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Kum 1940 June thlaa Soviet Union-in Lithuania a awp khan Jew mi te hi nekchep a tihduhdah an ni nghal a, chu a chhapah Lithuanian nationalist te chuan an ram Lithuania, Soviet Union-in a awp chhanah chuan Jew mi te chu puhin nasa taka thliar hran a, sawisak an ni bawk a. Chu tawrhna aia rapthlak tawrh belhtir tur chuan German chuan June ni 22, kum 1941 khan Soviet Union chu a han run thut mai a, Soviet sipai te chu um chhuakin Lithuania pawh chu a awp zui ta nghal a. September ni 28, 1939 khan German leh Soviet Union chuan Poland ram chu an insem a, chuta inremna ang chuan Lithuania chu Soviet Socialist Republic ram bung 14-na a lo ni ve ta a ni.
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Indopui pahnihna chhuah ţan tirh, kum 1939, vel khan Kovno-ah hian Jew mi 40,000 vel an awm a, German-in Lithuania a awp rual hian Jew Huatna (Anti-Semitism) khawng taka kalpui nghalin Jew mi tam tak chu thah an ni a, kum 1941 July thla chhung ringawt khan mi 10,000 chuang tihhlum an ni. Jew te khuahkhirhna dan tam tak zingah kawngsir mihring kalna tura an kal ve khapna thuchhuah te pawh siam a ni a, an kal a nih pawhin kawng sir ding lamah, pakhat te tea inzuiin an kal tur a ni tih te a ni nawk mai.
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Tichuan, Jew huatna chu nasa lehzuala inzirtir a uar zawka kalpui sauh sauh zel a ni a, chutiang atan chuan Kovno khuaah pawh hian Ghetto pahnih siam niin thirhlingneia hung chhuah vek a ni. Heng Ghetto te hi Lithuanian police te bakah German sipai ten an veng reng a, a vanglai chuan Jew mi 29,000 vel khung khawm an ni. Heta an dah khawm Jew mi te hi kum 16 chin chung lam chu German sipai te ralthuam leh indona hmanrua dang te siam tura hah thi kûla chhawr an ni a; German sipai officer te chuan zing lamah khalh khawmin a hlawm te tein an ţhen hrang a, an hnathawhna hmun tura phurh chhuah ţhin an ni. Zing lama hnathawk tura an phurh chhuah, tlai lama an chhung ten thlahlel taka an lo nghah, dama rawn let leh ta lo emaw an chanchin hriat zui tur awm ta reng reng lo te chu nitin nunphung a ni a. Mipa te chu chi thlah thei lo tura damdawi pek niin hmeichhe lo rai palh an awm chuan îhe loa tihhlum nghal an ni; Jew mi an inthlah pung tur a ni lo tih chu an Fuhrer thupek a ni tawp mai.
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Heti chung hian nau pai tawk an lo awm lo thei lo a, a khat tawka rawn endiktu German sipai officer nunrawng tak tak te laka nausen an thuhruk dan leh man chhuah an nih a an nghaisak tak dan te, an nu te nena an tihhlum dan chanchin lungchhiatthlak vawrtawp, ziah leh sawi chhuah hreawm tak tak a tam hle. Ţhenkhat vannei deuh te erawh nausen jection muhil chunga tlan chhuak thei ta te pawh an awm a; bawm chhunga khunga children’s home tlan thlenpui thei hram te an awm laiin an hmelhriat ngai reng reng loh thingtlang lo neitute kuta an fasên hlan ta tawp te pawh an awm bawk. Kovno Ghetto-a awm te ei leh in hi a chhe em em a, tuma’n khamkhawp an hmu lo. Chhangthawp leh Alu tlem te bakah kar khatah Sakawr chaw vawi khat an pe ţhin bawk.
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Indopui pahnihna vanglai tak, kum 1943 a lo nih chuan Kovno Ghetto-a Jew tam tak chu tihhlum an ni tawh a, kum 1944 July ni 8-a Soviet sipai Red Army ten Lithuania run tuma an rawn pan tih an hriat khan Jew la dam te chu German rama Concentration Camp hrang hrangah thawn darhin naupang leh nunau pawisawi lo thlengin, zahngaihna chhete mah awm loa ur hlum an ni. A la dam chhun khaw chhunga biru te pawh chu an bihrukna in chawpa hal hnan te niin; tam tak chu mei khu hakin an thi a, tam tak an kang hlum bawk. Heta dam chhuak mi 13 te chuan German sipai ho tena Ninth Fort an tih (a huhoa mi tihhlumna) hmuna mi sang tam tak an tihlum lai evidence tihchhhiat an tum lai thla te pawh an lo laksak nghe nghe a ni.
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Indonain a vawrtawp a thleng chho a, Jew huatna chuan zual lam a pan zel bawk a. German nationalist te chuan he khawvel aţanga Jew te nuai chimih hmiah chu an tum em em ringawt mai a ni. Tichuan kum 1943-1944 chhoah khan puitling mai ni loin naupang tihhlum runpui an nei leh ta a, a hmingah ‘Children’s Aktion’ vuahin naupang kum 12 hnuai lam sang eng emaw zat chu kah hlum emaw tihhlum tura Rela phurh bo an ni. Chu’ng hun lai mit ngeia hmutu pakhat Dr. Aharon Peretz, Eichmann Trial thuziak hi lo en ila:
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Kovno, March 27, 1944

“Hospital bulah chuan motor hi a khat tawkin a rawn tlan reng a, nu nau pawmin an va pan loh leh naupang, hruaitu nei lo naupang te te te chuan an va pan ţhin a. Hnung lamah chuan German sipai pahnih, chu’ng nu leh naupang te misual ven taka veng te chu rifle nen an ţhu bawk a. A khat tawk chuan naupang te chu motor-ah chuan a theh hian an theh chho nawlh nawlh mai a ni.
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Chutihlai chuan nu pakhat mangang au thawm hi ka hria a, a fate pathum an chhuhsak a ni. Motor chu ţap chungin a han pan hnai a, sipai pakhat hnenah chuan, “Ka fate kha min pe hram rawh.” a han ti a. Sipai chuan, “Engzah maw? I duh chuan pakhat chu i la thei ang!” a lo ti a. Ani chu motor-ah chuan a lawn a, a fate pathum chu a han a en kual a. Anni chuan an lo ban ţheuh a, an pathum chuan a nu bula kal chu an duh vek a ni; nimahsela pakhat chauh thlang tura tih a nih avang leh thlan bik tur a hriat mawlh si loh avang chuan a tu a mah thlang ta lo chuan a chhuk leh a, ţap chungin kawtthlerah lam pan chuan kal ta a. Nu pakhat dang pawh chuan motor chu a vuan tlat a, a kaltir phal lo a ni. Chutih lai chuan hnung lama an sipai ui thlun chuan a seh ta nghe nghe a, ţap chungin motor chu a thlah ta a.
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Ka tukverh aţang chuan chutiang chu ka thlir nileng a ni ber mai.”
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Pic: Avram kum 5 mi leh a nau Emanuel Rosenthal kum 2 mi te, ‘Children’s Aktion’ March 1944-a an tihhlum hma lawka an putea’n thlalatu George Kadish a laktir a ni a, he thlalak lo chhuak hi an putea pawh hian Hitler-a thih hnuah a hmu ve leh chauh a ni. An awma arsi lem inbel hi German hoin Jew an chhinchhiahna (Jewish Star), tihluihnaa an belsak niin Emanuel-a phei hi chu Kovno Ghetto-a piang a ni nghe nghe. Cherub ang maia duhawm naupang pahnih, anmahni hre ngai lo leh hmu miah lo te pawhina an chanchin an hriat ruala an ţahpui fo ţhin si te hi khawvel awm chhungin theihnghilh an ni tawh ngai lo ang.
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“Fair was thy blossom, tender flower,
That open’d like the rose in May;
Though nursed beneath the chilly shower,
Of fell regret, for love’s decay.”

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