James Dokhuma ( Biography )

Thu leh hla lama Mizote tan rotling tak tak hnutchhiahtu James Dokhuma hi Kum 1932, June 15 khan Pu Hrangchia fapa ni turin a lo piang a, a pianpui unaute zingah hlaphuah thiam Pi Romani leh Pu Laltanpuia te pawh hi Mizo fate zinga hriat hlawh an ni. Heti khawpa Zofate zinga ziak mi lar nih mah se, zirna lamah chuan a thleng sang lem lova, a pianna khua Sialsukah Pawl 5 thleng chauh a zir a ni.

Changela sawi bel an sawi ang maiin hna hrang hrang a thawk kuala Kum 13 mi a nihin India Sipai- ah a tang a, rei pawh tang lovin 1950 khan a bansan leh a, thil dang dang a thawh kual hnuin kum 1954 khan St.Paul’s School-ah zirtirtu hna a thawk a. Chu pawh chu thawk rei lovin Aizawl C.D Block-ah Sanitary Inspector hna a vuan leh bawk. Rambuai hma deuh kum 1960-ah a hna bansanin Hualtu khuaah zirtirtu hna a thawk leh a ni.
Rambuai a lo nia Mizo fate tan tiin, a rammu ve nghal a, Tlungvel bial Block President a ni a, khatih laia MNF ramhnuai sawrkarah khan M.P a ruat a ni a, chumi hnuah Deputy Speaker-ah atang leh bawk a ni.

Kum 1968 March thlaah vanduai thlak takin vai Sipai lakah hliam a tuar a, India Sipaiten manin Nowgong Special Jial-ah an thawn a, chumi hnuah Gauhati Jail-ah dan sawn a ni leh a. Vairam hla takah Tanin thima khung nimahse a ngaihtuahna chuan Zoram a theihnghilh thei lova, zalenna a neih theih nan tia a nunna hial pawh thapa a beih mek Zaram chanchin chuan a suangtuahna khawvel pawh engdang mahin a chim buai pha lo. Ziakmi Pu Dokhuma chuan ram leh hnam tana a lunglenna chu boruaka tham ral mai phal lovin Zofate lung tileng fo tur leh ngaihnawm tih em em ni fo turin Nowgong Special Jail-a a tan lai hian thawnthu ‘Thla Hleinga Zan’ chu a ziak tana Guwahati Jail-ah sawn a nih hnuin a ziak zo ta a ni..

India ramin vawiin thlenga an ngaihsan leh Hnampa tia an koh Mahatma Gandhi leh Jamaharlal Nehru te iangin lung ina a tan lai hian kut kuangkuaha thu mai mai lovin thangthar lo awm lehzel turte tan thawnthu dang pahnih ‘Rinawmin’ tih leh ‘Khawhar In’ tihte hi a ziak zo bawk a ni.

Kum 1971-ah Jail atanga chhuahtir a ni a, kum 1973-ah E.Lungdarah zirtir hna a thawk leh a, chu pawh rei lo teah bansanin Aizawlah a pem luta a nupui fanaute nen Kulikawn vengah a boral ni thlengin an inbengbel ta a ni.

Mi bik Pu Dokhuma hi zirna lamah pawl nga thleng chauh zir mah se, pianpui finna nei tha mi a ni a, sipai a tan lai pawh a Education Instructor ni pha a ni a a. Ama’n sawi chhuah a duh vak lo nang a Kum 1997 khan University of California (USA) chuan ‘Honarary Doctorate Degree’ a rawn pe hial a ni. High School pawh rap lo ni mah se, a thu ziak thiam avangin kum 1983 khan Mizo Acadaemy of Letters (MAL) chuan ‘Academy Award’ a pe a. India sawrkarin a khua leh tui mi hmingtha leh chawimawi phu a tihte hnena a hlan thin ‘Padma Shree Award’ pawh kum 1985 khan India President hnen atangin a dawng bawk. Zofate zinga a hmasa ber atan ‘Sahitya Academy’ chuan thuziak thiamte hnena chawimawina an pek thin “Basha Samman” chu kim 1997 khan a hlan bawk. Zofate zinga mi dang lam bik a nih lanna pakhat chu a lehkhabu ziak Thla Hleinga Zan tih chu Congress Library, Washington-ah dah a ni ve vang thawh a ni.

Pu James Dokhuma hi engtik lai khannge Zofate hian thuziak mi a nih tih kan hriat tan tih hetiang hian Mizo zinga thil chik mi kan neih Pu B. Lalthangliana chuan a sawi. ‘Tun hma deuh, 1960 vel tawhah khan a titi thiam leh tawnghmang thiamzia miten an hre tan a. Kum 1975-a Adult Education Wing chhuah Meichher thlatin chhuak atangin Thu leh Hla a thiamzia mipuiin an hre lar tan zual ta ti ila, a dik thawkhat awm e” tin.A thu ziah leh thawnthute hi Sikul leh College Zirlaibuah hman a ni nual a, thu lamah chuan ‘Ka thu Hretu’ tih thiam leh ngaihnawm tak maia fountain-penin a nunah awmzia a neih thu leh a hman tangkai thinzia a ziah chhuahna chu Mizo zirlaite tana tunlai tawng taka ‘Creativity’ neihtir tura fuihna tha tak a ni. A thuziak pakhat ‘Irrawady Luikamah’ tih pawh C1-XII zirlaibuah hman a ni. College zirlai lamah ‘Tumpangchal nge Saithangpuii tih leh ‘Thla Hleinga Zan’ tihte seng luh a ni a, Mizo Literature zirlaiten an hlawkpui thin hle a ni. College leh University thleng pawha class la tura sawm a ni fova, tin, Debate, elocution, extempore speech leh thu leh hla lama
intihsiakna hrang hranga lawmman a lakte chu sawisen pawh a ni lo hial zawk a ni.

Pu Dokuma hi sakhua lamah chuan an lawina Kulikawn Salvation Army kohhranah Local officer a ni a, kohhran rawngbawlna hrang hrangah pawh chanvo a chelh nual a ni. Ama pualin JD Press a dina chutah chuan a thu leh hlate chhiar tura chhut chhuah a ni thin a ni. Pa inngaitlawm tak a ni a, mite anga kuttling lova hausak thur thur duh mi chu ni se Mizo fate zingah chuan a ti thei pawl tak ni ve awm a ni a, mahse, khawvel hausakna leh kuttling lova neih ai chuan ti a, retheih leh hrehawm pawh thlang zawk duhmi a ni. An chenna In pawh a lan dan mai chuan a ropui lova, tunlai khawvelah chuan a thing lam tawh a ni mah
zawk, mahse, a chhunga luahtu Pa ber en erawh chuan a ni tluka ropui hi an tam bik lo vang le!

Heti khawpa pa lar leh hmingthang ni si kha hemi thuziaktuin 21.March 2007 (Nilaini) a a tlawh tum chuan khumah damloin a lo mu reng tawh a, mi tlawmngai tak a nih avangin thei leh thei lova lo tho chhuakin inleng a la rawn kawm hram hram a ni.

Khawvel ziak mi hmingthang leh hlaphuah thiam hmingthang tam takte angin Pu Dova pawh hi sum leh paiah chuan hausa a ni lova, a nupui fanauten duat takin an enkawl a, an nuin “Hei a dam hlei thei lo pawisa chu nei ila Doctor hnena entir ka duh mang e” a tih hian mi entawn tlak a nihzia a lantir foin ka ring.

Hriat theih chinah lehkhabu 39, hlahril 40 chuang eassy leh artical 400 chuang a ziak chu mipui chhiar theiha tihchhuah a ni tawh a ni. A thawnthu ziak Christian Novel phei chu English Version pawhin chhiar tur a awm a ni.
A article ziah ‘Gone are the Day’ tih a Sikul lo kai tawhna thin Gov’t M/s-I, Sialsukten a Golden Jubille Souvenir atana a ziah (a hnu lawka Zolife Magazine-ah pawh chhuah a ni) chu mipui vantlang tana a kutchhuak chhiar theih awm hnuhnung pawl a ni.

Mi danglam a nihna pakhat chu khatih hunlaia thil ziak nana an hman thin Fountain-pen tui bur khat khan lehkha phek engzat nge a ziah theih a, thumal eng zat ziah nan nge a daih tih lam a chhutchhuaka chhinchhiah peih khawpa mi taima a ni.

Zofate hian mi ropui leh hnam tana uiawm tak tak kan nei thin, chung zingah chuan Pu James Dokhuma pawh hi hmaih theih a ni lo. Amah Pu B.Lalthangliana’n a la dam laia a sawi dan takah “Tunah pawh hian a kut a la chawl lova, lehkhabu tha tak tak, hnam rotling tur la ziak zawm zel tura beisei zinga tlar hmaa thu a ni” a lo ti hi pawmawm tak a ni.

Hmanah khan “Thla Hleinga Zan” khan a nunah awmzia a nei thin a, ni leh thla reng awm tawh lohna hmunah chuan Pu James Dokhuma chu chawl hahdam tawh sela, hun thim ber lai pawha ‘Rinawmin’ a lo tih kha Zofaten chhunzawm sela, chu ‘Khawhar In’ chu a nupui fanaute tan thlamuannaah lo chang zawk tawh rawh se.

A thu ziak hrang hrang avang hian a chanchin ziaktute chuan – “James Dokhuma chu Poet, Novelist, Historian, Biographer, Essayist, Lexico- grapher, Playwright leh Orator”a ni tiin an ziak a.Tin, a Tawng Un Hrilhfiahna ziak avang hian K.C.Lalvunga (Zikpuii Pa) phei chuan, “Father of Mizo Lexicography tia koh tlak a ni” a ti hial a ni.

A thuziak thiam leh that em avang hia vawi tam tak chawimawina a dawng tawh a.Tarlang vek seng lo mah ila hengte tal hi chu i han tarlang teh ang: Kum 1986,1988, leh 1991-ah Lelte Weekly-in Best Writer atan a thleng tawh a.
Kum 1983 December 3-ah Mizo Academy of Letters-in Academy Award a hlan a.
Kum 1985 March 15-ah India President-in PADMA SHRI Award a hlan bawk.
Mizo zinga Padma Shri dawngtu hmasa ber dawttu a ni.
Tin All Mizo Students’ Union (AMSA) chuan 1991 khan Best Writer Award an hlan bawk.
A thuziak that em leh tam em avangin The International Unibersity , California , USA chuan 1997 April 10 khan Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) an hlan a.
Chuta tang chuan Dr.Dames Dokhuma tia koh theih a lo ni ta a ni.
Kum 1998 September 13-ah Sahitya Akademy chuan New Delhi-ah Bhasa Samman 1997 Award a hlan ve bawk. Mizo zinga a dawng awm chhun a la ni.

Dr.James Dokhuma hian nungcha humhalh hi a ngaih pawimawh em avangin, sum tam taka a lei a silai chu hman tawh ngai loh turin Sorkar hnenah a lo tung tawh a. He lam kawnga a tangkai em avangin hian Tuisualral Youth Association chuan 1995 khan “Friend of Animal” title an hlan a; Sorkar pawhin Wild Life Chief Warden atan pawh hun engemaw chen chu an hmang a ni.

Ani tluka zirlai bua seng luh tlak thu ziak tam an awm kher lo vang.
A lehkhabu ziakte i han tlar chhuak reng reng teh ang ;
Rinawmin (1970)
Khawhar In (1970)
Thla Hleinga Zan (1970)
Zoram Kohhran Tualto Chanchin (1975)
Tumna chu a hlawhtling thin (1976)
Khawtlang INzirna (1976)
Ni leh thla kara leng (1978)
Hmasawnna (1979)
Arsi Thawnthu (1979)
Hausak aiin hrisel a hlu zawk (1979)
Finna Hmahruai (1980)
Tawng Un Hrilhfiahna (1981)
Tumpang chal nge Saithangpuii(1981)
Chawngkhum dan tlang huat loh (1981)
Ka Inpuanna (1982)
Chawngkhum dan tlang huat loh Bu 2-na
Hmangaihna Thuchah (1982)
Irrawady Lui Kamah (1982)
Good Bye , Lushai Brigade (183)
Notes on Mizo Idioms & Phrases (1983)
Kimoto Synora (1984)
Nunna Bu-a Hming chuangte (1986)
Gobbatha (1989)
Chhungkua (Sipai Inkhawm Thupui) (1990)
Lonesome Cowboy (1990)
Hmeichhia leh MIpa Indona (1992)
Hmanlai Mizo Kalphung (1992)
Netaji Shubhas Chandra Bose (1993)
Mak leh Mak (1995)
An va hlu em (1995)
Enthlatute (Sex Spy & War Spy) (1995)
Silaimu Ngaihnawm (1995)
Ka Thinlung Luang Liam (1996)
Rilru Far Chhuak (1996)
Zokhaw Nun (1998)
Thla Hleinga Zan Par 2 (1999)
Ch.Chhunga Chanchin (1999)
Thisen leh Mei (Self Denial Thupui ) (2001)
Lamsuaka (2001)
Singapore-a Mizo Saltangte (2002)
Kham Kar Senhri(True Story) (2005)
Mizo Tawng Kalphung (2005)

THU LEH HLA A A KUT CHHUAK NEIH ZAT:
a) Lehkhabu chhuah zat : 42
b) Esay : 450-500
c) Poem : Phuah tawh – 42 Chhut tawh – 36
d) Novels : 13
e) Drama : 4
Pu James Dokhuma hi kum 2005 vel atang khan a hriselna a tla hniam tan ta viau mai a,kum 2007 February 18 (Sunday) zana a inkhawm bang chu a tlun haw tlat mai a. A khawsik a reh that theih loh avangin 23-ah Grace Nursing Home < Lower Zarkawt , Aizawl-ah admit a ni a.

Doctor-ten an hriat dan chuan a zunthlum natna chuan a kal a tichhe tawh a, a mit a tichhe bawk a, a lung leh thin thlengin a khawih tawh a; chu bakah chuan a zunkawngah infection a awm tih a ni.

Chtiang natna khirh tak mai chuan a tuam nasa zual ze a,tichuan March 10, 2007 chhun dar 11:20-ah ropuinna kaisanga turin he khawvela a zin kawng chu a lo zawh tawp ta a ni.
Ziak thiam, sawi thiam, phuah thiam, mi bik, Pathianin Zofate tana kan ro hlu tura min pek James Dokhuma hlutzia hi kan hre dawn chauh niin ka hria.

Nikhua a rei tulh tulh ang a, kan la ngai zual zel ang tih ka ring a.Amah ang hi engtikah nge Zofate hian kan neih leh ang tih pawh hriat phak a ni lo, hetiang mi hian he kan awmna lei hi kum tam tak danah an rawn tlawh zeuh zeuh chauh niin a lang e.

Thulakna; Mizo khawvel

Retold by Lra Stipe Miocic    

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Aside | This entry was posted in Thu Ngaihnawm, True Story and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

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