RAMSIAL NGE SIAL?

Kumin kumtir lam atanga Mizorama chanchin nei ngah ang reng tak, Lungzarhtum Ramsial chungchangah tunhnai khan PCCF, Pu Rosiama Vanchhawng chuan ‘Mithiam thenkhat’ a tihte’na thlalak atangin, “‘Sial pangngai a ni mai thei’ an ti,” ti a he Ramsial hlutna leh a (Ramsial) sahimna atan pawha pawi thei tur ang a tawngkam a nei hi a zialo takmeuh a, Chief Wildlife Warden meuh kamchhuak atan chuan awih a har in, he Ramsial hluttu leh Forest Department, LADC lam rilru pawh a hliam palh thei ang tih pawh a hlauhawm hle a ni.

Chumai nilo in he Ramsial avanga harsatna tawkte hnenah Zangnadawmna pek theih anih loh thu leh Zangnadawmna pek theihna dan a awm loh thu a sawi leh zel pawh hi helaia Bawng vulhtute leh he Ramsial avanga harsatna tawktute tan a beidawn thlakin a thinrim thlak viau thei a, he Ramsial nunna atan hial pawh hian a pawi thei ang tih a hlauhawm takzet a ni.

Heti ang a, Sial pangngai ang maia ngaihtheih tura tawngkam nei a, he Ramsial avanga harsatna tawkte zangnadawmna pek theih anih loh thu Mizorama Forest lama Lalberin a sawi si chuan helai ami te hian an harsat a sutkian nan leh an tawrh tawhna te tlem tala alo chhawk ve theih takah tiin he Ramsial hi tihhlum mai duhna rilru an pu mai lovang tih a sawitheih loh a ni.

Nakin zelah pawh hian heti ang a ramsa humhalh ang chi emaw in mihring nunna hial lo la in, mihring tan chhiatna thlen palh ta sela sorkar atanga zangnadawmna pek theihna dan hi kan lo la neilo anih phei chuan thil pawi tak a ni thei a, sorkar leh department ang pawha a ranglama heti ang chi chhiatna thleng palh a zangnadawmna pek anih theihna tur dan changtlung tak zam vat chi niin a lang.
….

LUNGZARHTUM RAMSIAL HI RAMSIAL NGEI A NI E
– Vl Hrima

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Tunhnaia Lungzarhtum khaw chhunga Ramsial chhuak chungchangah awih har ti pawl kan awm tlat niin a lang.  Lungzarhtum Ramsial hi sial anga chhuah tum ni awm tak tawngkam chhuah an awm ta zeuh zeuh bawk.

“Ramsial = Bos gaurus”hi IWPA danin a humhalh em em laiin, “Sial = Bos frontalis” humhalhna dan a awm ve mumal lo a, tu emaw kuthlei a tuar phah mai ang tih a hlauhawm.  Hei vang hian “Ramsial”leh “Sial” danglamna i han tarlang teh ang.

Zo Bawng (Bos taurus), Phai Bawng (Bos indicus), Sial (Bos frontalis) leh Ramsial (Bos gaurus) te hi Mizorama Bovidae Family hnuaia Bos Genus kan neihte niin a lang. Heng ran/ramsa (species) te hi chi hrang ni mahse ramsa inhnaih tak an ni. An inhnaih em avangin a then hran dan chungchangah pawh hian mithiamte lu a tihai hle thin a, chi (species) hrang ni mahse a chang chuan heng Bos genus hnuaia ran/ramsate hi an inthlah pawlh ve thei.

“SIAL” hi eng nge?

Sial/gayal/mithun/Bos frontalis hi ran dangdai tak mai niin Himalaya tlang chhehvela cheng an ni. A rawn pian chhuah dan hi chiang taka hriat a la ni lova, rin dan chi thum a awm:

  1. Sial hi mihringin ramsial an khawi ngam (domesticaticated Gaur) a ni.
  2. Sial hi Ramsial (Bos gaurus) leh Bawng (Bos taurus/Bos indicus) inthlah pawlh atanga rawn piang a ni.

  3. Sial hi a chi (species) hranpa liau liau a ni a, an thlahtute hi an mang (extinct) tawh.

Heng rin dan chithum hi a finfiahna tak tak a la awm hleithei lova, a DNA (mitochondrial) an zirchianna-ah chuan Bawng (Bos taurus/Bos indicus) leh Ramsial (Bos gaurus) gene a nei ve ve tih erawh an hria. Hetih lai hian khawvela hetiang lama thuneitu sang ber- International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) chuan Sial hi ran/ramsa chi (species) hranpa a ni tih a pawm a, a scientific name atan “Bos frontalis” tih a vuah.

“RAMSIAL”hi eng nge?
Ramsial/gaur/Indian bison/Bos gaurus hi Bos Genus hnuaia ran/ramsa zinga lian ber a ni. India atangin khawchhak lam hawi zawngin Asia chhim-chhak lamah an inzar pharh. An chenna hmun azirin an pianhmang a danglam hret hret a, hei vang hian subspecies-ah then hran leh an ni. Mi hrang hrangin subspecies-a an then dan hi inang lo hret hret mahse tuna khawvelin a pawm dan tlanglawn berah chuan chi hnihah then a ni.

India khawmualpui lama ramsial te hi “Bos gaurus gaurus” tih an ni a, Asia chhim-chhak lam ami te hi “Bos gaurus laosiensis”tih an ni. Mizorama hi heng ramsial sub-species pahnih inthenna laia awm a nih avangin helam zirmite ngaihven leh zir chian chak a ni a, India khawmualpui lama mi aiin Asia chhim-chhak lama ramsialte hi hnaih zawk tura ngaih a ni.

“RAMSIAL”leh “SIAL”danglamna

Sial hi ran (domesticated animal) a ni a, ramsial hi ramsa (wild animal) a ni thung. Ran/ramsa inhnaih tak ni mahse an pianphungah hian danglamna tam tak an nei a, chung zinga thenkhat chu hengte hi an ni:

  1. KI (Horn):

– Sial ki hi mum (conical) a, ramsial ki hi sial ki aiin a phek (flat) zawk.

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  • Sial ki chu a pumpuiin a dum (black) a, ramsial ki chu a laihawl-ah a eng (yellow) thin.
  • Sial ki aiin ramsial ki hi a kual (curve) nasa zawk a, sial ki chu chhung lamah a kual lut ve ngai lo.

    1. CHAL (Forehead): Sial chal chu a phek/zawl (flat) laiin ramsial chal chu chhung lamah a khuar lut (concave) thin.

    3.  THLUKVUM (Ridge): Sial aiin ramsial hian thlukvum a nei lian/sang zawk.

    1. KE (Limb): A taksa nena khaikhinin sial aiin ramsial te hi an khan a sang zawk.
  • LEN ZAWNG (Size): Sial aiin Ramsial te hi nasa takin an lian thei zawk. Tuna Lungzartum Ramsial hi a Dar (wither)-a tehin feet 6 leh inches 3-5 vel a ni a, sial zingah hetianga sang hi record a la awm lo.

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    Heta thlalak dah vei lam (left side) ami hi sial (gayal/mithun) a ni a, ding lama mi hi Lungzarhtum ramsial chu a ni. Chuvangin, Lungzarhtum ami hi Ramsial ngei a ni e.

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