ISLAM LEH MIDDLE EAST POLITICS by Kima Sailo

A bua tih chi ni mahse Israel leh Palestina inkar chauh ni lo “Middle East” buaina chingchivet lutuk mai khu thiam ang angin thai ve leh mai mai ila.

A hmasa berin Middle East-a sakhaw lian ber chu Muslim-ho vawn Islam a ni a, a chi zawnga tam ber erawh Arab-ho an ni. Arab-ho zawng zawng, a zavai lo deuh si khuan Muslim an ni a, Muslim zawng zawng erawh Arab an ni lo. Sawi tawh ţhin angin Islam sakhuaah hian peng hran a awm ve thliah a (Mizorama kohhran 100 dawn awm ai chuan an la zia!), a hlawm lian ber erawh Sunni leh Shia niin Arab chi-ah pawh hian peng neuh neuh tam tak a awm bawk.

Islam bakah hian sakhaw dang dang, a langsar deuh Judaism, Kristian peng chi hrang hrang bakah, Zoroastrianism, Druze leh Yazidism-te an la awm leh a. Chumi piah lamah chuan a chi ang zawngin Jew, Kurd, Armenian, Circassian, Turk, Persian, Azeris, Pashtun, Druze leh a dang tam tak an la awm bawk. Hemi chin chauh pawh hi thluak tibuai tham chu a ni der hrim hrim tawh maithei.

Islam sakhua hi Kristian dawta zuitu ngah ber niin sakhaw lianho zinga ţhang duang ber a ni mek a; zuitu vaibelchhe hnih dawn awmin khawvel mihring 25% vel hi Muslim an ni. Muslim ho hian ram 50 velah tam ber (majority) nihna an luah mek a, an sakhaw lehkhabu thianghlim chu Quran niin Gabriel-a kaltlanga inpuang Pathianin Muhammad-a a zirtirna leh a chanchin phuah khawmna bu a ni ber. Tuna an pun chak dan ngaihtuah chuan kum 2050-ah Kristiante aiin an tam tawh zawk ang.

632 AD-a Muhammad-a a thih khan a fapate puitlin thlenga dam an awm loh avangin a thlaktu atan Abu Bakr-a, Mohammad-a thurualpui leh țhian hnai tak chu Caliph hmasa bera puan a ni a; ani hun lai hian Quran pawh mumal tak phuah khawm a ni nghe nghe. Abu Bakr-a chu 634 AD-ah a thi leh ta mai a, Umar Khattab-a, Uthman Affan-a, Ali Abi Talib-a (Mohammad-a cousin leh makpa ni bawk) leh Hasan Ali-a ten a ai an awh zui ve leh a. He’ng Caliph palite hi Sunni Islam-ah chuan “Al-khulafa’ ar-rashidun” (Caliphs dik tak) tia sawi an ni ţhin a, an rorelna hnuaiah hian Persia leh Byzantine thlengin Islam lal ram pawh chu zauh a ni nghe nghe. (Caliph hi khawtlang leh sakhaw thila Muslim-ho hruaitu a ni a, prophet anga en ni ve lo mahse Muhammad-a aiawhtu niin kum 1258 thleng khan Baghdad-ah a ţhu a, Ottoman-hoin an lak hma kum 1517 thleng khan Egypt-ah a ţhu leh a, Ataturk-a’n he title a tihbo, kum 1924 thleng khan Ottoman Sultan-ho chu an Caliph zui ve bawk a ni).

Umar-a khi 644 AD khan Persian-ho chuan an that a, a thlaktu tur Uthman-a thlan chhuah chungchangah pawh an buai hle tawh a; 656 AD khan Uthman-a pawh chu thah ni ve lehin Ali-a chu Caliph-a puan a ni zui ta a. Chu chu Islam Civil War hmasa ber (First Fitna)-in zuiin Ali-a pawh chu 661 AD khan Kharijite-ho chuan an that ve leh ta a ni.

Buaina chhuak zui tur ven nan tiin Caliph thar Hasan-a chuan remna a zawng a, hetih laia Muslim lal pakhat Mu’awiyah-a chu paih thlain kar loah chuan Umayyad lal ram ropui tak a ding zui ta a. Heta țang hian Muslim khawvel chu a phel ta tak tak a, a tam zawkin hruaitu hmasa palite khi Caliph-a pawmin anni pawl hi Sunni tih an ni a, lehlamin Ali Abi Talib-a chauh chu Caliph dik a ni tiin a thlahte rorelna chauh an pawm zui thung a, anni hi Shia tih an ni ta thung a ni.

He hlawm lian pahnih bakah hian vawiinah chuan Islam hi ţhuang liin an kal tawh a, a lian ber Sunni (80%) leh a dawttu Shia (20%), Sunni aţanga chhuak tau Ahmadiyya leh sawi tham lutuk loa te Khawarij-te an ni.

Sunni-ho hian Caliph atan Mohammad-a chhungkhat hnai emaw thlah kal zel nih kher ţul an ti lo a, an zinga a tam zawk hian Sunni Islam zirtirna Madh’hab an tih zinga pakhat chu vuanin ţhenkhat erawh chuan Wahhabi Movement (Sunni hlang deuhthaw awmna Saudi Arabia Muslim-ho kalpui) an vuan thung.

Shia emaw Shiite-ho hi chuan Caliph chu Mohammed-a thisen kai ziding turah an ngai a (Ali-a thlah kal zel khi, ISIS boss pawh kha a inchhal kha), Iran tih loh Islamic ram zawng zawngah a tlem zawk an ni. Hei bakah hian a duh rum pawl, mahni duh dana Qur’an letlinga kalpui tum Radical Islam an tih mai pawl lian tak pathum Taliban, ISIS, leh al-Qaeda an awm leh bawk a. Taliban-te hi Sunni rau rauah Hanafi peng niin, al-Qaeda leh ISIS erawh Wahabi Sunni an ni thung.

Tichuan Middle East buaina bulthum tak tak chu hetiang hian ţhen hlawk theih a ni ang:

Saudi Arabia vs Iran:

Saudi Arabia hi Sunni-ho power house a ni a, Iran erawh a lehlam Shia-ho bu pui a ni thung. An pahnih hian Middle East-ah “Boss” zawk nih an tum ngar ngar a, a nihna takah chuan ram ang ni loin Sunni vs Shia inepna a ni zawk mah. Yemen, Iraq leh Syria-a buainaahte pawh chi bing bakah hel leh hel lo an thlawp hrang nuaih ve ve reng a ni.

Nikum mai khan Saudi Arabia chuan Iran thlawp zawng leh Saudi lalte sawisel ţhin Shia puithiam pakhat Nimr al-Nimr-a chu a tihlum a, inbiakna hlawhtling nei zui hlauh lo phei se Sunni vs Shia War a chhuak lek lek a nih kha. Al-Nimr-a tihhlum a ni hi Iran mai ni loin khawvel puma Shia Muslim-ho chuan an haw hle a, Saudi Arabia thiltih dan chu demin ram hrang hrangah lungawi lohna an lantir a nih kha.

Yemen: Yemen hi kum 2011 aţang khan a la buai chawl lo a, an buaina bulpui ber pawh Saudi Arabia puih ruknaa lalna chelh hram hram Sunni sawrkar leh Iran puihnaa chu sawrkar paih thlak tumtu Shia Houthi helhote inbeihna a ni. Houthi helho hian Yemen khawpui Sana’a pawh an la nghe nghe a, Sunni sawrkar hlui chu Yemen ram chhim lam Aden-ah an insawn duai duai phah a nih kha. A tikhawlhkham zual turin an inkarah hian al-Qaeda leh ISIS-te an inrawlh chamchi bawk.

Iran: Kum 1979-ah khan West lam awn ţhin lal Shah chu Iran Revolution hmanga paih thlak niin Khomeini-a hoa Islamic sawrkar (Shia) din zui a ni a, chuta ţang chuan Juda-ho ram din thar Israel chu a rumţhaih ta char char mai a ni. Sipai a thuam chak a, nuclear program pawh a kalpui thuak thuak a hman a, kum 2015 khan P5+1 an tih mai ram (US, UK, China, Russia, France leh Germany) te nen inbe remin an chawlhsantir thei hram a ni.

Iraq leh Syria: Syria-a hian inthlahchhawng lal reng mai (dictator) Assad-a chu Syrian helhote’n democracy tundin tumin an bei a, an zinga lian ber Free Syrian Army-te chuan US leh ram 28 inzawmkhawm EU aţang sum leh ralthuama puihna an dawng reng nain an hlawhtling thei lo. Hel dang dang kara langsar Al-Nusra an la awm leh bawk a, anni hi radical Wahhabi Sunni niin Saudi Arabia chuan an mawng a hiat ve thung.

Hei bakah hian Lebanon aţang Shia hel pawl Hezbollah an la tel leh a, anni hi Syria bakah Israel bei tura Iran-in sumpaia a puih rengte an ni.

Iraq-ah hian Shia 60% leh Sunni 40% vel awmin a tlem zawk Sunni zuitu Saddam-a rorelna hnuaiah khan kum rei tak Shia-ho chu an awm a. Saddam-a khaihlum a nih hnua US phuahchawpsak sawrkar chu a nawi zui nen bu khuar reng al-Qaeda chu al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) intiin Iraq leh Syria rambung ţhenkhat an la a, Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) invuah zuiin ISIL leh IS ringawtte pawh an nih zui leh nghe nghe kha. Syria leh Iraq hi a tlusawp mek reng a, refugee-ten Mediterranean Sea kanin Europe an lut chho ruih ruih a, ramri ralmuang Shengen Agreement thlengin a buai zo a, Brexit-te interview-naah kan inzawh phah ta a nih hi.

Khi’ng bakah khian tun hnaia lar Israel leh Palestina buaina a la awm leh a, hei phei hi chu kum 3000 vel liam ta thil a nih khan hriat tlan a ni. Juda mite lo luah ram, um darh an nih hlan luaha lo inthlahpunga Palestinian lo intite leh kum 1800 chhoa haw khawm Juda-te chu an inhmu-Sakhi ta reng mai a. Kum 1947-a United Nation-in he ram Jewish leh Arab Palestinian-te tana a rin phelsak aţang khan an indo zauh zauh a, Israel nuai bo tur Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) pawn 1964 daih khan din a ni. Anni bakah hian a khat tawka Israel sai dum dum reng mai Sunni lam Hamas-te pawh an la awm bawk.

Turkey-ah khuan Muslim lal ram ropui Ottoman Empire chu kum 600 vel tehreng dinga indopui pakhatnaa a side fuh loh avanga a keh darh hnuin Ataturk-a hoin sakhaw zalenna democracy ram din tum a ni a, tunah erawh Erdogan-a hoin Sunni Islam sawrkar din an awn leh tawh; “Kum 680 AD-a Battle of Karbala-ah bawk kan let leh dawn em ni?” a ti khui khui mai a nih kha.

He’ng chanchin tlem chauh tarlan karah hian a tibuai zual turin Sunni Saudi Arabia vs Shia Iran bakah Oil leh resources dang avanga thurualpui tur zawnga hmanhlel, sawrkar bil leh helho thlenga thlawp ruk lam nei reng mai America leh Russia zuk tel reng mai bawk si hian khawvel hi a tiharsa zual a nih hi.

Tun hnai boruak thlir hian Capitalist Downfall hi a hnai em ni le?

About Mizo Archive

I'm the one who collect the best writings of Mizos
Aside | This entry was posted in Fifth Column, World News and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s