ZAMPUIMANGA LEH JIM CORBETT

Pu C. Lalaudinga’n Zampuimanga, Jim Corbett-a leh Saihnuna te a tu nge ropui ber tih zawnga a rawn khaikhin chiam mai hi thil tihâwm loh tak niin ka hria.

‘Jim Corbett-a hian Keipui 19 leh Keite 14 (Total — 33) silaiin a kaphlum a. Zampuimanga erawh hi chuan a Kawlhnam chauhin Keipui 13 a sathlum a, silai a hmang lo thung.’ (Mizo Pasaltha ZAMPUIMANGA CHANCHIN. p121)

Jim Corbett-a sakei tihhlum zât hi hriat a ni lo. Internet site thenkhatah chuan mihring sa ei ching keipui leh keite 33 a kah thu an ziak a; hei hi official a ni lo. F. Chhawnmanga chuan a lehkhabu, ‘Jim Corbett-a Sakei Kah Thu’ tihah chuan mihring sa ei ching sakei 45 a kâp niin a sawi. Chowgarh khaw keipui mihring sa ei ching kha kum khat chuang a veh a, tihpalh thilin sakei dang, sakei sual ni lo pahnih a kap hlum tel. Powalgarh keipui kha mihring seh ching a ni lo bawk; mahse, sakei hmingthang, sai râl an tih ang chi, kha tih laia pasalthate’n an kah chak ber, an kah theih si loh a ni a. Powalgarh keipui a kah atang chuan mihring seh ching an ni tih a hriat chian chauh lo chu a kâp duh tawh lo va; sakei humhalh chu a thupui ber a ni ta zâwk a.

Sap mi liante’n India ram an rawn tlawh a; Vai lal, Maharaja-hovin an lo intlawnsiak a. Sai chunga chuangin hual chhungah sakei an lo kahtir thin a. Sakei a la tam si a, sakei za thuar vel kahte chu thil har lo tak mai a ni a, Prince of Wales (Lalbanga) te pafa pawhin tih tham fe an kâp. Prince of Wales-in sakei a kah theih nân khân Gorkhali-ho sing khatin ramhnuaiah an buaipui a ngai a ni. Maharaja of Surguja khan sakei 1100 a kâp a. Sakei 500 chuang kâp an tam mai; mahse, chûng mite chu khawvelin pasaltha tiin a chhâl lo. Sap mi lianho nunchan dân chu Jim Corbett-a khan a duh lo hle a; ani kahte kha chu ramvachal tak takte pawh an hlawhchham thak thak tawhna sakeite a ni a. Mi tam tak thih leh dam thu a ni. Champawat keipui, mihring 436 zet sehtu chauh pawh kha kâp se, a hmingthanpui tho vang. Kah tam aiin eng anga hlauhawm leh kah harsa nge tih a pawimawh. Khawvel hian Jim Corbett-a hi a ngaisâng a, Pu C. Lalaudinga sawi nêp tum ang ngawt hi a ni lo, duh se atân sakei za tih vêl lek kah kha thil harsa lo tak mai a ni a. Zampuimanga nên khaikhin chi an ni lo va — an hma zâwnah an ropui ve ve tia sawi hi a tâwk viau.

Phek 123,124-ah chuan heti hian a ziak a. ‘Sakei tihhlum nân Zampuimanga chuan Kawlhnam chauh a hman laiin, Jim Corbett-a chuan silai a hmang thin a. Silai pawh Rifle, Ulhbun phir, Puakrang leh Puakruk a hmang thin a.’ (p123-124) ‘Zampuimanga hian hmanraw hrang hrang silai puakrang pathum lai ang chu nei ve se Jim Corbett-a ai hian a hming hi a thang zawk mah awm e.’ (p126)

Puakruk chu a lo nei pawh a ni mahna, hriat ni suh. Puakrang a tih hi chu submachine gun a tihna a nih ka ring a, machine gun pui pui chu mi pakhat chelek vêl atân chuan a lian tham deuh. Submachine gun hi Indopui Pakhatnaah khân an la hmang lovin ka hria. Tommy gun an tih mai, Thompson submachine gun kha America chuan kum 1920-ah a hralh chhuak tan a. Al Capone leh mi sual pâwl dangte khan anmahni (gangster) pâwl leh pâwl inbeih nân an hmang nasa a, kha vâng khân a lâr phah phian a. Kha zu khap vanga Chicago gang indona kha Mafia-ho din chhuahna bul a ni. Tommy gun kha ‘Chicago Typewriter’ tih hial a ni. Indopui Pahnihna laiin German-in tommy gun aia tha schmeisser (MP 40) an siam a, British-in sten gun an siam thung. Chuvangin, Jim Corbett khan puakrang (submachine gun) a neih chu a rinawm chiah loh; chu lo rêngah ramsa pelh nân submachine gun leh puakruk chu a hman tlak tehchiam loh vang. Jim Corbett-a silai hman thin chu .275 bolt-action, rigby rifle a ni a; rifle barrel phir, .450/400 nitro express a hmang bawk. Tin, sa pêla a chhuahin silaimu 3 emaw chauhte a keng thin, a pawng a puia sa kah a tum lo tih a chiang.

Phek 124-na. ‘Sakei hliam emaw hliam lo pawh Zampuimanga chuan hual chhungah a luhkhung ngam a, a sathlum thin. Jim Corbett-a erawh chuan hual chhunga mipui hmaah sakei a luhchilh ve ngai lo.’ :

Jim Corbett khan Champawat keipui kha a hual turin mipui a sâwm a, khami tum tih loh chu amah deuh zêlin a ni a chêt thin.

‘Zampuimanga hian tangka fai hlawh khawiah mah a nei lova, a tlawmngaihna avang liau liau….. Jim Corbett-a hi Sipai a ni a, a sakei beih tur hi Deputy Commissioner-ten an pass sak leh remruat vek a ni a. Lo thi palh pawh nise zangnadawmna (Compensate) tam tawk sawrkarah a hmu ngei ang.’ (p124)

Indopui Pakhatna, kum 1914-ah khan labour 500 hruaiin Corbett-a hi indona hmun lamah a zu kal ve a. Champawat keipui (1907), Muktesar keipui (1911) leh Panar khaw keitê (1910) — hêng mihring sa ei ching sa kawlhte a kah avâng hian a hming a thang tawh hle a. Indopui a zawh hnuin a hna pangngai a chhunzawm lehnghâl a. Indopui Pahnihna a lo chhuah khan ramhnuaia chêt dân sipai zirtir turin an sâwm leh a, Lt. Colonel rank an pe a. A kumte a lo upa tawh a, a hriselnain a tlin loh avangin rei a zirtir thei lo.

Mi hausa a ni a, India thingtlang mite a khawngaih vânga sakei huai pêl tura in-volunteer a ni a, tu tirh leh thupek mah a ni lo. Sakei sualte kha House of Commons-ahte pawh an khel laih khawpa hlauhawm a ni a. Corbett-a kha kap turin a ngenin an ngên zâwk thin. Tin, British India sawrkar khân Corbett-a kha a duh duh ramsa, a chhân eng vâng pawha tihlum theih turin phalna an pe a. Ani anga phalna pek hi mi dang an awm ve lo.

Pu C. Lalaudinga hian Zampuimanga hi kum 1880-ah kum 81 mi nia thi angin a ziak a. Jim Corbett-a pawh kum 81 mi nia thi angin a ziak a. ‘Zampuimanga leh Jim Corbett-a hi an dam rei zawng a inang a, kum 81-na an hman mek laiin an thi ve ve a ni.’ (p126) A mak i ti mai teh ang. Thil chhinchhiahna fel thlawp thlawp la awm hmaa Zampuimanga kum leh a thih kum a hrechiang hi! Jim Corbett-a hi chu kum 1875, July ni 25-ah a piang a; kum 1955, April ni 19-ah a thi a — kum 80 tling lo deuh, kum 79 a nih chu. Chhinchhiah thlap Jim Corbett-a kum hi a sawi dik lo.

Tin, Zampuimanga leh Saihnuna te sakei tihhlum zât hi 13 ve ve tiin a sawi bawk a. Tun hma atangin Saihnuna sakei kah zat hi inhnialna a awm fo tawh a. Saihnuna autobiography, Liansailova Sailo chhuahah chuan Saihnuna hian a sakei kah dân ngaihnawm takin a ziak a. Pu C. Lalaudinga hian Zampuimanga sakei sah hlum zât a hriatchian viau laiin, Saihnuna sakei kah zât chu a rawn sawi dik leh pek lo. Saihnuna sakei kah dân hi ziak ni mah se, dik taka chhiar a harsa hle. 1) Amah ngeiin a kah hlum — panga. 2) A thian nên thal an thlah rual — pakhat. 3) A kah hliam, a hnua khawtlang nên an huala an kah hlum — pahnih. 4) A kah hliam, a ruang an hlawm loh; mahse, a lu ro ni ngeia an hriat, ram hrana an chhar leh — pathum.

Mizo dânah sa hi a tira kaptu khan a vun thi ser ser chauh pawhin kâp se, a hriam thlak hmasa bertu kha sa lu changtu an ni a. Sa lian chin, ramsial leh sai te erawh chu a tâwpa a kap thlutu kha sa lu changtu an ni a. Sakei hi chu eng tin tak nge an tih ka hrechiang ngam lo; chuvângin, Saihnuna sakei kah zât hi chhiar a buaithlak rêng a. A ruang hlawm loh, a hnua a lu ro hmuh lehte pawh hi engtin nge an ngaih ka hre lo. Eng pawh ni se, hêng a kut thlak chin zawng pawh hi chhiar vek mah ila, sawmpakhat (11) a ni.

Zampuimanga, Jim Corbett, Saihnuna te hi pasaltha an ni a, sakei hlauhawmzia an hrechiang a, chuvâng tak chuan an fimkhur rêng a, âtthlak takin an che duh lo. An nihna leh dinhmun a inang lo vek a, khaikhin chi an ni lo va, an ropui theuh. Hrangthiauva te, K. Zawla te, TRI te’n Zampuimanga chanchin hi an ziak a, a pawmawmin a ngaihnawm hle a; tin, eng hnam pawhin an pasaltha (legent) te chanchin chu uar leh chhuang takin an sawi thin. Nimahsela, Pu C. Lalaudinga thahnem ngaihna hi chuan Zampuimanga ropuina a khuh ang tih a hlauhawm a. Chuvangin, kan thupui ber tur chu Zampuimanga hi Mizo pasaltha a ni a, kan chhuang a, kan chawimawi tur a ni.

(He ka thuziak hi Zampuimanga dah hniam tumna a ni lo va, Pu C. Lalaudinga thuziak ka rawn thlirna a ni. Pasaltha chu eng hnam pawh ni se, tu hnam pawhin kan ngaisang vek a ni.)

Author : Lalnunchanga Taitea

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PATHIAN MI, KA PU KHA by BChnunga Ralte

Kan khua chu thingtlang khaw lian lo tak, mihring pawh inhre vek tham lek, khaw hmâwr ațanga khaw hmâwr lehlam hmuh phâk tâwk lek kan ni. Khaw inlungrual leh inhmangaih tawn tak kan ni a, chhiat țhat thuah pawh kan induhsak tlângin kan inlainat vek a ni ber. Ram buai hma, sipai hmêl pawh kan la hmuh hma thil daih tawh kha a ni a, tunlaia politics an tih ang te hian kan khua a la thleng pha lo va, changkang lo tak khan kan changkang em em thung a, sikul pawh a awm loh avangin ziak leh chhiar thiam chu a khaw nâwtin ngaih san hlawh an ni țhin. Chutianga ngaih san hlawh ber chu ka pa pa, ka pu kha a ni a, a chhan pawh, amah chauh chu kan khuaa ziak leh chhiar thiam awm chhun a ni.

Ka pu hian kum khat sikul a kal ve a, mahse, khaw dangah sikul hi kal a ngai a, a nuin hmun danga a awm chu a ngai theiin, a tel lo chuan a awm thei tlat lo va, kum khat sikul a kal hnua, sipel chawpa chhiar a thiam hnu chuan, a nu chuan tâwk a tihpui ta tlat a, ka pu chuan a zir zawm ta lo. Tichuan, kan khaw lamah chuan nupui te neiin chhungkua a din chho ta a. Mi taima tak leh tum ruh tak a ni a, hmuingil pawh a hmuingil viau a, kan khuaah chuan a khawsa thei ber te zinga mi a ni chho va, lehkha chhiar thiam awm chhun a lo ni nen, kan khuaah chuan pa râwn ber leh pa zah kai ber a ni ta hial a.

Kan khua chu mihring kan tam lo bawk a, kohhran dang awm lovin kohhran pakhatah kan awm vek a, Biak in pawh pakhat chauh a awm a, chutah chuan kan lawi vek a ni. Ka pu chu lehkha chhiar thiam awm chhun a nih avangin kan kohhranah chuan upa awm chhun a ni mai a, kan awmna a chengker em avangin, min bialtu Pastor pawhin kum khatah vawi khat bak min rawn tlawh hman ngai lo va, ka pu chu kohhran serh leh sâng khawihtu ber a ni mai a, Pastor tlukin kan khaw mipui te chuan an en phah hial reng a ni. Ziak leh chhiar thiam lo ta hlawm chu, tu te mahin Bible pawh an nei lo va, ka pu chauh chu kan khuaa Bible nei awm chhun a ni a, ani pawh chuan chuti tak chuan a khâl peih lem lo. Khum mawnga țhehlân chungah a dah reng a, inkhawm dawn chauhin a la thla țhin a, inkhawm banah chuan a dah leh mai țhin a, a hnuah a chhiar chhunzawm pawh kan hre ngai lo.

Chutiang khawpa kan khuaa mi te zah leh ngaih sân ni ta chu, eng emaw thubuai hlabuaiah pawh, ka pu chu koh berah a țang a, chalremtu leh zaizâptu berah a țang ziah a, a sawi tawh hi chu tu te pawhin an awihin an zâwm thlap zel țhin. A chhan pawh, chutianga a tih reng reng chuan, Pathian thu ngatin a zilhhau a, Bible châng hmun hrang hranga mi sawi chhuakin, an thil tih dik loh te chu, Bible thu nena inmil chiah zelin a sawi chhuak a, a bung leh châng nen lam a sawi vek zel avangin, mi te chuan “Pathian mi, Pathian thu pawh hre vek tawh, Pathian thlarauin a luah tlat mihring” niin an ngai a, a thu leh hla reng reng chu an zawm lo ngam ngai lo. Keini naupang te pawh chu, thu kan awih loh deuh chang leh, eng emaw chânga kan han tihtauh ve hlek pawhin, Bible bung leh châng sawi chhuakin Pathian thu ngatin min zilh țhin a, chutiang a nih tawh chuan thu kan awih lo ngam ngai lo. A chhan chu, ka pu sawi chu Pathian sawi tluka kan ngaih vang a ni.

Krismas lai te hian amah chu thusawitu ber a ni a, kum tinin Lal Isua pian thu chu ngaihnawm takin a sawi țhin a; mahse, kum tinin Lal Isua pianna khua chu a sawi danglam ziah thung. Kan khuaa a țhian bul ber Pu Kâpa chuan, “Rûma, nikumah Isua kha Jerusalemah i piantir a, engah nge kuminah lêm, Kapernaum-ah i piantir leh si?” tia a zawh pawhin, “Kâpa, Kapernaum hi Jerusalema vêng pakhat hming a ni tih pawh i hre lo a ni maw! Ziak leh chhiar thiam lo nih hi pawi deuh asin. Zawhna âtthlâk deuh deuh min zawh phah hi,” a ti lêt a, Pu Kâpa pawhin, “Chuti zawng chuan i sawi si lo va, ka lo man thiam lo deuh a nih tak chu,” a ti ve mai. Ka pu chuan Isua kha, a chang leh Kalvari tlangah a thihtir a, a chang leh Olive tlangah a thihtir bawk a, mahse, tuma’n, “A ni lo,” an ti ngai lo. A chhan chu ka Pu chuan dawt a sawi an ring lo.

Țum khat Pathianni tûka a thusawi ka hriat reng chu…. “Lal Isua pa Josefa kha, tlangval hmel țha tak a ni a, Lal no hlântu a ni a, a hleitlingin a ruakhau nasa si a, nula chauh ni lo, mi nu te pawhin an ît ngawih ngawih a, chung zinga lo ngaizawng deuhtu pakhat chu, Lal khawnbawl upa Potiphera nupui chu a ni. Mi lian nupui, hmelțha leh itawm lutuk hi a ni a. Țum khat chu remchang takin Josefa awm fâl lai chu a nang fuh a, chu nu chuan mutpuiah a thlêm ta a, mahse, Josefa chuan a duh tlat lo va, chu nu chuan a pawngsual titih ta mai! Kâpa te chu ni se, an tlâwm rang duai duai teh ang chu! Mahse, Josefa chuan a mumangah nula thianghlim a la nei dawn tih vantirhkohin a hriattir tawh avangin a tlâwm mai duh lo va, a tlânchhiatsan ta daih a, chu nu pawh chu a beidawng chiang ngawt mai. Chuvang chuan, a mumanga a hmuh ang ngeiin a tawpah nula thianghlim Mari chu nupuiah a neih theih phah ta a ni. Tlangval ho kha, nangni pawh nula thianghlim ngat nupuia in neih duh chuan, in lîk kha lên lutuk suh ang che u. Josefa ang hian insûm tlat ula, remchang in hmuha in châk hle pawhin, tlanchhe hmiah zel ang che u. Chuti lova in bawh ruak ruak a nih vaih chuan, a reh pawh sâ a nia in neih ang ni. Fimkhur hle ang che u,” tiin a sawi a, a thu sawi chhung zawngin tumah kan muthlu lo.

Sawi tawh angin, ka pu chu kan khuaah chuan ukil a ni ber. Tlangval intibuai te hi a țhelhtu berah a țang a, Bible chang sawi chhuakin, “Buaina siam chîngte chu buaina vekin an nun a tibuai ang a, an dam a rei lo vang… Thuhriltu bung 67:34” a tih tawh chuan, tumah an intibuai zui ngam ngai lo. Țum khat chu, kan țhenawm lawka nupa awm te hi an intithiam lo va, an monu chu a tlân a, an chhungkaw pa ber chuan ințhen phal lovin koh a duh a, ka pu chu ko turin a rawn ngen a. Chumi țum chuan ka pu chuan min hruai ve hlauh mai a, a hnung chu ka zui ve ta a. Chutah ka pu chuan a țawngkam thiam theihtawpin a thlêm a; mahse, a hmeichhe pa ber chuan haw a remti ta tlat lo mai a. Ka pu chuan nasa fea a tih pawhin a hmin thei ta mang lo va. Chutah le, ka pu mitmeng chu thawk leh khatah a danglam thut a, chu pa chu mitmeng lian kel kawlin a en ta rûn rûn mai a, mit khap lêk lova rei ngial a melh hnuah, muang ban charh hian, “Chhungkua inpum aia a keh darh duh zawktu chu anchhedawngin awm rawh se. A inchhung pawh buainain a khat ve ang. Thufingte 36:6.” tiin, chang khel khawl leh fiah fak hian a’n ti ta mai a. Chutah zet chuan chhungkaw pa ber chu a kun lap a, a maimitchhing diar diar a, ngunthlûk takin a inngaihtuah ta a. Chutah a lo dâk chhuak a, ” À, Pu Rûm, ka lo ngaihtuah chiang lo deuh a ni e, min hre thiam teh. Ka lungni lo deuhin ka han phal lo ve deuh mai a nih kha. Ni e, ințhen hlen te chu kei pawhin țha ka ti bik hlei nem. Mami chu haw phei rawh se, lungawi taka awm a țha e. Mami, insiam la, i pu Rûma rual hian va haw tawh. An thinrim reng ngai lo ve. Țha te te khan va haw leh tawh.” a ti ta a. Hlawhtling takin kan ko haw thei ta a.

Kan khuaah hian sikul a awm loh avangin ka pu hian A AW B hi inah min zirtir țhin a. Thla ruk zet min zirtir hnuah chuan, sipel chawp chungin ka chhiar thiam ve țawk țawk a. Ka pu hian a tu hmuh hmasak ka nih avangin, mi hi a duatin, a hriat leh thiam ang ang hi chu thiam turin min duh a, min zirtirin min kaihruai nasa thei hle. Hemi tuk hian ka puin Bible chang hmanga mi thinlung a hneh dan ka hmuh khan, ka pu chu ka ngai sang zual ta em em mai a, amah ang maia Bible thu te chu hriat ka duh ta thut mai a. Țhenawmte ina kan mi koh a hruai luh lai chuan kei chu kan in lamah chuan ka haw tlang a. Ka pu Bible châng sawi kha ka thinlungin ka vawng reng a. In ka thlen chuan kan Bible chu ka la thla a, ka pu te mutna khumah chuan ka inchhawp a. Ka pu Bible bung leh châng sawi chhuah ngei chu ka zawng ta a. Thufingte chu ka hmu nghal a; mahse, ka’n keu țhin a, bung 36 na chu ka hmu zo ta reng reng lo mai! Ka pu khan a sawi sual em ni dawn le! Ka keu ka keu a; mahse, Thufingte 36: 6 awzâwng a awm lo.! Mak ka ti em em mai a, ka pu chuan dâwt a sawi ka ring thei bawk si lo; mahse, ka hmu zo miau si lo! Chutia mak ti taka ka awm lai chuan, ka pu chu a lo haw a, ka awmna lamah chuan a lo phei a. Ka mak ti hmêl leh khuma Bible inkeu a hmuh chuan, thil awmzia a hre thiam nghal vek a, chutah, a kut zungpir chu a hmuiah lekin, a hmui chu a zum a, “SSSHHH”. Zawi te hian, “Eng mah i sawi tur a ni lo,” tiin min khap nghal a.

Kum te a lo vei a, ka pu pawh chu a lo upa ta deuh nen, a hriselna pawh a tla hniam ta hle. Zan khat chu, “Taite, i lehkha tur ka ziak a, ka thih hnuah chauh lo chuan i chhiar tur a ni lo. Ka lukham hnuaiah hian ka dah a, ka thurochhiah che a nih avangin, i ngai pawimawh hle tur a ni. Ka kal dawn hnai tawh a, he khuaah hian kei ka awm tawh loh chuan, ka ai awh zo thei tur chu nang chiah hi i ni. Ka hniakhnung hi rawn zui la, ka rawngbawlna hi rawn chhunzawm ngei ang che. Chu chu min tiam thei em?” min ti a, kei chuan, “Aw, ka tiam a che,” tiin ka chhang a. Chumi a sawi ațanga ni thumnaah chuan ka pu chuan min kalsan ta!

Chutia ka pu a boral takah chuan, a lukham hnuaia a thurochhiah min hnutchhiah chu ka la a. Roh em emin ka ak țha a, ka pu kan vui zawh hnuah chuan, Biak in tlâng lamah keimah chauhin chhiar turin ka chho ta a. Min hmangaih em emtu leh min kaihruaitu ber a nih avangin, a thurochhiah chu ka hlutin ka roh em em mai a. Chhiar pawh chu ka châk rualin ka huphurh deuh bawk a. Amah mitthlaa hmu reng chungin lehkha chu mittui parawl deuh pûr chungin ka phawrh ta a. Chutah le, a va mak kher tak em! Ka rin loh thu daih ka zuk chhiar ta!

“MAHNI PÛ TE MUALPHONA TUR ZÊP TLATTU CHU A HMUINGÎL ANG A, LEIAH LEH VANAH MALSAWMIN A AWM ANG. THUFINGTE 33: 33” tih thu hi a lo inziak a!

He thuziak hi a nuihzatthlak a, a ṭha ru riau bawk.

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ALMENDO TLÀNG by KCi Pa Khawlhring.

Thihna hruihrual fip tak mai awrha intihhlum hial duh khawpa nun beidawng, a nuna huatna bet khat tlat nun hrehawma hun a hman mèk laia a hringnun inthlàk thut mai chu mi mak tih a tling na meuh mai! Ni e, Almendo tlàngah chuan tih palh thil thuin a danglam tlat a ni!

Chu tlàng chu ramngaw chhah tak chuan a tuam vèl a. Chhum chhah tak kàrah chuan Almendo tlàng chhip chu a lang thei a. Tlàng hmingthang leh hahipa hmuhnawma sawi tling phàk lo mah se, a tàn erawh chuan hriatreng tawh túr tlàng ngainatawm a ni lo thei ta lo a ni.

Kum 1875, kum tàwp lam a ni a. Chutih lai chuan Kolemi chu kum 14 emaw leka upa a ni a. Heti lai hian an ram chu an pachhe èm èm mai a. Chu mi kum chuan skul pawh kal tluan thei lovin kum lai hawlah a pa thu angin a chawp tawp a. Chhúngkaw harsat nak alaiin a pa chuan a thawhchhuah sa chu zu manah a tlan zo nghàl vek mai zèl si a. A nu rilru hah thin lutuk chuan Nigeria nu thenkhatte’n an tih fo dànin kum kal ta atang khán zàn lama chaw zawn a chìng chho ta a ni.

Chuti chinah chuan Kolemi hringnun chu a khirh chho ta fat fat hle mai. A pa chu thim thet thetah rui chungin a lo haw a, a pa mutthilh veleh a nu chu an chhùngkaw chàwm tùrin a chhuak leh ta thin a ni.

Kolemi chuan a pa thil tih chu a hria a, nìtinin leirawhchan siamnaah a inhlawh thin a. Zán lamah a nu thil tih erawh a hriatpui ngai lo a ni.

Zàn khat chu a nu chu a zui ru ta a. Dawrpui hmun a va thlen chuan a nu leh mi pakhat inbe lai chu a va hmu ta a. An thil sawi erawh a hre thei lo. Reilotè hnu-ah chuan a nu leh mi pakhat chu an dinna in lian zet maiah chuan an lut ta daih a. A va pan hnai a, mahse, a chhùngah erawh a lut thei lo. Chu in phenah chuan biruin, a nu lo chhuah hun chu a nghàk ta tawp a. Mahse, dàrkàr tam tak a nghah hnu pawhin a nu hmèl rèng rèng a lang thei lo.

Zíng dàr hnih thleng rawk mai a nghah hnu chuan a haw san ta a. Zínga a’n harh meuh chuan a nu chuan a ei túr thenkhat te chu a lo chhawpsak leh dim diam tawh a ni.

Kolemi chuan a nu chu engmah a zawt lo a. Mahse, chu mi tuka a fapa hmèl danglam ta daih mai a nu’n a’n hmuh chuan zawhna a zawt ta thung a. A fapa chu a ngawi reng a, mahse, a nu’n a’n zawh a’n zawh takah chuan nizàn lama thil thleng chu Kolemi chuan a sawi fai ta lèng a.

Chutah, a nu hmèlah chuan hlauhthawnna leh mak tihna a lo lang rual ta thawt a. A tàwpah chuan tlang takin a fapa chu a thil tih leh a hmangaih vàng a nih thuin a’n tlip zui a. A fapa chu mak ti áwm pawhin a lang lem lo a, ngawi renga a nu chu a chhuahsan ta daih a. Chu mi atanga thla khat àwm vèlah chuan an in chhùngah chuan thil ràpthlàk tak a thleng zui ta a ni!

A nu chu an in chhùngah ngei chuan rawng tak leh dimna tel miah loa thah a ni a, a pa lah a tlanbo zui nghàl a, chu mi atang chuan Kolemi khawvél chu a mumal lo tan ta a ni! La naupang hle mah se, a nu thattu chu zawn chhuaha, a nu chunga a tih ang chiaha ti ve a phuba làk chu a tum nghet ta bur mai a ni!

Túnah chuan kum 30 val a tling tawh a. Vawi tam tak kawtthlerah rukruin, mi pathum lai a that tawh a. A thinlungah chuan a nu thihna rawng tak avànga mihring thisen a chàkna chu a zual zèl emaw tih túr hi a ni a. Chhunah ramhnuaia a púkah chuan hahchawlin, zàn lamah chuan ramhuai ang maia che chhuakin mi suam túr a zawng thin a ni!

Zân khat chu kawtthler táwpa a kal laiin a hnung maia putar ni àwm tak, inthazo hmel tak si nèn chuan an intàwk thut mai a. Chu pa chuan a khua a sik thu leh tanpui hràm túrin a’n ngen tàk chiamah chuan hla taka a púk chhetè-ah chuan a hruai thleng ta poh a. Chu pa nèna thla thum zet an inenkawl hnu chuan haw a duh thu chu a sawi ta a.

” Khaw’nge i kal dàwn?”

Chu putar chuan hla taka Almendo tláng lang chu a kawk ringawt a. Kolemi chuan a lu a thing a.
” Kha nu kha ka thah a ni miah lo asin! ” tiin, a phun ri sup a. A kal zui chu a ni mai a. Kolemi chuan a kal hnu minit 30 àwm vèlah chuan a zui ru ta a. A táwpah chuan Almendo tlàng chu a zui thleng ta a ni.
Amah ang bawkin chu pa chu pùka kum 30 chuang lo chèng tawh hi a lo ni a. Mahse, thil pakhat a hriatthiam theih loh a awm ta tlat mai, chu pa chuan a nu thlalak a tár tlat mai.

Thil engkim an sawi dun ta. A tàwpah chuan Almendo tlànga pùk pakhatah chuan inkuahin an pafa chuan an inkuah a, an tap dun a…

Rei rial lovin an tho a, a nu thattu zawng chhuaka an pafaa nun thara bul tan leh túrin Almendo tláng panga pùk té reuh tè chu a an chhuahsan ta a ni, a nu thlalak hlui tawh tak keng chung chuan!

I inrintàwk phawt chuan i tithei ngei ang!
– KC-i Pa, Khawlhring

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FORENSIC FILES : TRANSACTION FAILED

Mak tak maiin High School zirtirtu pakhat chu a khuangcherbo ta tlat mai. Midangte hrilhhriat lovin chawlh hmangin a zin chhuak em ni?. Nge, a duh lo chungin an hruai lui zawk?. Khing zawhnate khi Forensic Science in a chhang thei ang em le……?

School vangtlang a kal zirlai naupangte hi an ti tha vek kher lem lo. St. Antonio, Texas a High School zirlai tleirawl rual a bik taka zirtirna leh tanpuina mamawhte tan chuan Edward T. Robbins High School chu High School kal nana thlannahawm ber a ni a. Robbins ah hian zirlai naupang chi hnih an awm a. Chi khat chu High School pangaia lo kal tawh thin ti tha vak lo zirlai naupang te leh chi hnihna chu zirlai naupang then khat inkhuahkhirhna lama harsatna neih vang emaw, school kai that loh vang emaw, nungchang thlahdah vang emaw a fail a Robbins a kal chhunzawm ta te an ni hlawm.

Kum 58 a upa Pi. Diane Tilly chu Edward T. Robbins High School dintute zinga pakhat a ni a. Student harsatna neihte an harsatna sutkian sak leh siam that kawngah a hlawhtlinna vangin hming lemah “The Miracle Worker” an phuahsak hial a. Ani hi zirtirtu, mahni zirlaite chunga rinna nghat mi leh an tih theih chin hmu thiam em emtu a ni a. Chuvang chuan anni pawh chuan amah chu an bengkhawn bik a ni. Amahah hian thil chhinchhiah tlak tak a awm a. Zirlai naupang harsatna neite bula hna tha takin a thawk thei a, an thatna lai a hmu thiamin fuih an ngaihna kawngah a fuih thiam em em a. A zirlai naupangte chu zahawm takin a siam thiam tlat a ni.

Kum 2004, November thla n23 Thanks Giving Day hma ni in Diane Tilly chu School a a awm hun thin pangaiah a awm ta tlat lo mai. Chuvang chuan a chanchin ngaihvenin a thawhpui pakhat chu Alamo Heights, San Antonio, Texasa a chenna Inah a va inkhalh ta ngawt a. Kawngka a han kik a. Chhawntu an awm mai lo. Tukverh atangin Inchhung chu a han bih a. Inchhung lo hnawk nuaih mai a hmuh avangin a ralkhel hle a. Bexar County Sheriffs Department te chu enfiah tura punin chu lai hmunah chuan a ko ta a. Policeten an han enfiah chuan insuamna a thleng ngei a ni tih an hrethiam nghal mai a ni.

Inchhung chu nasa taka suasam a ni a. Bungruate chu hmun tinah theh darh nuaih a ni. Inchhung chu an khawrh chhuak vek emaw tih mai turin nasa taka chingletin a lo awm a ni. Closet pawh nasa taka haidarhin a lo awm. Sgt. Yvonne Villarreal, Homicide Investigator chuan, ” Helaiah hian ‘eng thil tak chu thleng ang maw’ tih ka ngaihtuah a ni. He nu chungah hian eng thil chiah ng eng vangin nge a In hi hetiangin a awm?” tia sawiin In hnawk dan atang chuan a ngaih a tha lo hle. Electronic bungrua thenkhat chu a bo a. Chutiang bawk chuan mahni inven nana a kawl thin 357 Magnum Pistol pawh a bo bawk a ni. A chungah vanduaina a thleng thei a ni tih hriat theihna hmasa ber chu thutthleng a silai mu luhna lo kaw tlang huau leh chhuata silai mu la inverh tang reng mai chu a ni a. Tichuan a tirh phat atangin tharum thawhna hnuhma a awm ta nghal pang mai le.

Police Technician te chuan Diane inchhungah chuan pawnlam mi finger print hmuh an nei lo va. Diane Car pawh a lo awm lo bawk. Thisen hmuh a nih loh avangin pawi khawihna thlen laiin Dianei chu Inah a awm lo mai thei a ni tih ngaihdan te pawh a awm a. A lo kir leh ang a, “Nga ti nge hetah in awmkhawm thup?. Ka In hi eng tin nge hetia a awm tak mai?” te pawh a rawn ti thut thei bawk a ni. Mahse, chu inah chuan buaina a thleng thei a ni tih lanna an hmu ta. Detective te chuan mut pindanah chuan condom tuamna kawr ruak hi a hmu a. Tin, Tennis khelhna pheikhawk khing lehlam hrui awm lo an hmu tel bawk. Inchhungah chuan Diane purse a lo awm a. Mahse, a chhunga ATM Card a awm lo thung. Investigatorte chuan choka dawhkanah ATM withdrawal receipt pathum an hmu a. A hma zan dar 8 vela Withdraw na te an ni. Mahse, mak tak maiin chung receipt te chu PIN Number chhut luh dik lo vanga hlawhtling lo vek an ni a, pawisa lak chhuah a ni lo. Zawhna awm ta chu;

“Tuin nge mahni PIN number vawi thum lai hrechhuak zo lova awm a, Transaction hlawhchhamna receipt kawl tha ngai ?..” tih hi a ni.

Chuta tanga han ngaihtuah pawhin thil dik lo eng emaw tak chu a awm ngei a. Chuvang chuan Investigator te chuan thang kam zai an rel ta a ni. Tichuan, Dianein Account a neihna Bank chu Diane Bank Account hmanlai chu inhawngsa a dah turin an ngen ta a. Bank lam pawh an lo inhawng hle. Investigator te chuan tupawh chu lo ni se, Card kawltu chuan Card hmangin pawisa lak chhuah tumin ATM Card chu a hman leh ngei an beisei a. Hmang leh ngei se pawh an ti ngawih ngawih a ni. A hman rualin Card hmangtu chu an thlur bing nalh theih dawn a. Tichuan Card hmangtu chu chhui chhuakin a hnen atangin Diane Tillyi pawh an zawn hmuh ngei an beisei a ni.

Diane Tilly khuangcherbo thu chu St Antonio, Texas chanchinbu te thupui ber a ni a. Zirlaia harsatna nei naupang tam tak a lo tanpui tawh thin a ni kan ti tawh kha. Chutianga mi a tanpuina kawngah chuan thian tam tak pawh a siam reng a. Zirlai tam tak chuan an mimal harsatna te zirtirtute bulah an sawi ngai meuh lo. Mahse, zirlai zawng zawng deuh thawhin Dainei bulah chuan an harsatna te inthlahrung hauh lovin an thlen thin a ni.

Diane Tillyi hi pasal then tawh, fa puitling pahnih nei a ni a. Mahni chauh a khawsa a ni. Chu chuan midangin a awmna chin an hriat loh chhan pawh a sawifiah hle awm e. Investigatorte chuan mel 300 a hla Dallas-a cheng a bialpa Municipal Court Judge nilai chu an han bepawp ta a. Police te a hrilh dan chuan Dianei bo zanin Dallas ah a awm a, Zan dar 6 ah Diane pawh a biak ngei thu a sawi. Phone Record atangin a thusawi chu a dik ngei a ni tih fiah a ni. An inlaichinna chu a ngheh hmel hle a. Eng vang mahin Diane han tina tur leh thungrul duh mi niin a lang lo. Dianei hmakhua a ngai hle zawk a ni.

Police te chuan Airlines lam an han enfiah leh a. Dianein Dallas lam panin emaw hmun dang panin a thlawk chhuak a ni tih fiahna an hmu zo lo va. A zirlai naupang zingah tu emaw amah lo tina duhtu tur an awm em tih thleng an ngaihtuah tel a ngai a. Tichuan zirlai naupang buaina siam ching te pawh uluk takin an enzui a. Achhan chu naupang zinga then khat chu Gang pawla lo inhmang tawhte pawh an awm ve a ni.

Ngunthluk taka thil ni thei awm ang te an enfiah hnuin chhuizui ngei ngei tur hnu pakhat a awm ta. Chu chu Diane choka dawhkana an hmuh ATM Receipt pathum te kha a ni. Receipt a Code Number inziak atangin khawilai ATM in nge Diane ATM kha lo reject tih a hriat theih a. An han chhui ta. Diane chenna atanga mel 1 a hla a awm Shell gas station ( Tuialtheih zawrhna) chhunga ATM atanga hman hi a lo ni a. Vanneih thlak takin chutah chuan Security Camera quality tha ber ber chi an lo vuah a. Tichuan CCTV Footage chu an han enfiah ta. Footage ah chuan Pa pakhat ATM awmna lam pana kala ATM hman tum chu an hmu a. Tichuan chu pa chuan a kuta ATM reject na Receipt kengin dawr chu a chhuahsan leh a. Chu pa chu mihang a ni loh vek pawhin hispanic (A tawi zawngin Spanish emaw Latin American lam mi) mi niin a lang a. Cher sang lam deuh a ni. Minute 20 hnuin hmeichhia tleirawl pakhat hian Diane ATM Card chu hmun dangah a lo hmang ve leh a. Chu nu pawh chu hispanic a nih loh pawhin mihang a ni ngei ang. Eng mi chiah nge a nih an la sawi fak thei lo va. Mahse, chu nu chu tleirawl kum 17 bawr vel, a nih loh pawhin kum 20 bawr vel a ni ngei ang. Kawr vang tial a ha a ni. He hmeichhia thung hi chuan PIN number dik tak chhu lutin Diane Account atang chuan $ 400 a lachhuak a. Investigator te chuan chu footage an enna a misual pawi khawihtute chuan an hnen a hruai thleng ngei dawn tih an hria a ni.

Security Camera atanga a lan dan chuan chung mi pahnihte chuan Diane Tillyi car ni ngeia lang Fleetwood Cadillac (General Motors hnuai a Cadillac te siam Car pakhat hming) an khalh a. Dar kar tlem a ral leh hnuin motor khalhtu pakhat hian hmun finrial deuha motor pakhat lo alh hluah hluah hi a hmu a. Motor alh thelh mih a nih hnuin an han enfiah ta a. Investigator te rilruah chuan Dianei chu Car hnunglam bawmah chuan awm lo hram se an ti ngei mai. Vanneih thlak takin bawmah chuan Dianei chu a lo awm lo. Witness dangin a sawi dan chuan Pick Up truck var pakhatin chu lai hmun a chhuahsan lai chu a lo hmu a. Mahse License number erawh a lo chhinchhiah hman lo va. Chu Truck a chuangte hmel hmang an sawi leh surveillance video a rinhlelhte hmel hmang chu an inmil chiah a ni tih Policete chuan an hre ta.

Diane Tilly chenna lamah thung chuan Investigatorte chuan zu um a finger print them lo kai hi an hmu chhuak thei hlauh a. A lan dan chuan pawi khawihtu chuan Dianei inchhunga thil thlen laiin hun tam zawk chu kutkawr a bun niin a lang a. Scotch a in dawn khan a glove a phelh a ni ngei ang. Chutia a tih vangin zu um hnuai lam pangah a finger print chu a hnutchhiah ta niin an ngai a ni. Investigatorte chuan mipa leh hmeichhia tleirawl Diane ATM Card hmangtute chu zawn hmuh thuai chakin an zek zek tawh a. A chhan chu an zawn hmu dan a zirin Diane Tilley thih leh dam thu pawh a innghat thei tih an hria a ni.

Diane Tilly bo chungchanga an mi rinhlelh ber chu pa valai leh tleirawl, an hmuh hnuhnun ber tuma pick up truck var khalh te an ni a. Chung lai vela Police tawh phawt chuan an mi rinhlelhte chu an ngaihven reng a. Patrolman in Motel parking lot a mi pahnih an miduh pianhmang nena inmil te a lo chhelhdin nan hun a duh rei lo kher mai. Chung a chelhdin te chu kum 15 a upa Pearl Cruz leh a pa kum 33 a upa Ronnie Neal te an ni tih finfiah a ni. Thu an han zawtfiah ta a. An pahnih chuan Diane Tilly bo chungchang ah inhnamhnawihna an nei lo tiin an pha nasa hle a. Mahse a car erawh an ruk sak ngei thu a pha bik lo. Tichuan Dianei bungrua a neih dan thawnthu awihawm lo zet mai a sawi ta a. Ronnie sawi dan chuan a ni chu car silna hmunah a lo awm a. Tah chuan Diane Tilly car chu a hmu a. Chabi lo invuah sa reng mai leh khawl pawh tih nunin a lo awm a, kawngkhar te pawh a lo inhawng sa vek a ni. A chhungah bungrua eng eng emaw a awm bawk a. A hnar thei ta ngang lo va, a ru ta mai niin a sawi. Ni leh Diane ATM Card kha eng tin nge an neih theih?. A sawi zel dan chuan Car hmalam pawhdawhah ATM Card chu a lo awm a. A hnuai maiah chuan lehkha thema PIN Number inziaksa hi a lo awm bawk a ni. Police te chuan dawt a sawi tih chu an hrethiam nghal mai. A chet zia leh a tawngkam chhuak atangin dawt ngialngan a sawi tih an hria a ni. Neala sawi dan chuan chanchinthar atangin Dianei bo chungchang a lo hria a. Amah nena thlunzawm nih a duh loh vangin car kha a hal ta mai a ni. Neala thawnthu sawi chuan bulfuk leh awmzia a nei lo va. An zim hneh hle tawh tih a hriat vangin phatna awm thei ang ang a dap mai niin a lang.

Neala nunhlui chu an han chhui zui leh ta a. Ruk ruk leh mirawk vangin vawi tam thiam loh chantir tawh a ni a. Silai kaihhnawih dan bawhchhiat vangin Tan Ina a tanna atangin tun hnai maia chhuah a ni. Chumai ni lovin Policete chuan Diane Tilly leh Ronnie Neal te inzawmna an hmuchhuak bawk a. Ronnie chuan Dianei chu a vawi khat nan tual samfai chungchangah a hmu a. Dianei chuan a kawtzawl vela hna eng emaw thawhtir turin Ronnie chu a lo ruai tawh a ni.

Ronnie finger print leh Dianei chenna a zu uma finger print them lo kai te chu an han khaikhin a. An lo inmil ta chiah mai. Neala phone call record an han enfiah leh chuan Diane Tilly hruaibo a nih zan khan a nupui hlui Elisa Stanley a bia tih hmuh chhuah a ni a. A biak laia phone in tower a hman chu Diane Tilly chenna atang mel 50 a hla a awm a ni. Chu lai hmun chu acre 1000 chuang a nih loh pawhin acre 100 tam laia zauin a hual vel hmun hi a ni a. Chu chuan Policete chu rin dan a neih tir a. An ngaihruat dan chuan Nealan a nupui hlui Elisa Stanley a biak laiin tower bulah a ding ang a. A bulah chuan Diane ruang pawh a awm mai lovang maw tih an ngaihruat a ni.

Elisa Stanleyi chu thu an han zawtfiah ta a. Nealan a lo biak ngei thu a sawi a. Mahse, Dianei hruaibo chungchang engmah hriat a nei ve loh thu a sawi a ni. Pi Stanley sawi dan chuan Neala chuan pawisa eng emaw zah a neih hlauh a, Shoppinga kalpui turin a lo sawm a ni. Chutiang finfiahna te an neih chung pawhin Ronnie Neala chuan Policete chu a puihbawm tha duh lo va. A ngeng ngal mai a ni. Chuvang chuan Policete chuan a fanu Pearl chungah an insawr bing ta thung a. A tir chuan ani pawh a ka a ang tha duh bik lo.

Ni 10 zet Police kuta a awm hnu ni 4 December.2004 khan Pearl chuan Policete chu Dianei ruang awmnaah a hruai ta nghe nghe a. A ruang awmna chu Ronnie Nealan a nupui hlui a phone na lai ngei kha a lo ni nghe nghe. Diane Tilly chenna atanga mel 50 a hla, hmun fianrial taka thing tang vur hnanin a ruang chu a lo awm a ni. Dianei ruang chu a chhe ang reng hle tawh nangin vawi eng emaw zah kah a ni tih chiang takin a lang a. A kut chu Tennis khelhna pheikhawk hrui bo ta ang tak pheikhawk hrui dum pawl hmanga phuar a ni.

Dianei kut phuar nana hman pheikhawk hrui leh Dianei pheikhawk khing lehlama pheikhawk hrui te chu an han enfiah ta a. Pheikhawk hrui pahnih te chu sin te te a tial hi a ni a. Pheikhawk hrui hmawr tawp tuamtu plastic kawr hi “aglet” an ti a. Crystina Vachon, Trace Evisence Analyst in chung aglet te chu ngun taka a han en chuan len zawng intia leh rawng pawh inang ngei an ni tih a hre thei ta a ni.

Dental record atangin ruang chu Diane Tilly ruang ngei a ni tih finfiah a ni ta bawk. A laina leh thiante chu Diane ruang chhar thu chuan a thawng tak zet n lung a chhiain an tuar tak zet a ni.

Neala motel room luah hawh chu an han enfiah leh ta a. A chhungah chuan Dianei 357 pistol an hmuchhuak a. Dianei luggage leh electronic bungrua te pawh an hmuchhuak tel bawk.

Dianei taksa atanga silai mu an phawrh chhuah chu a per chhe hneh hle a. Mahse vanneih thlak takin a bul lam chu enfiah theih turin a lo him pial a. Balistic Expert chuan silai mu chu ngun takin a han enfiah a. Lands leh grooves (File dangah kan sawifiah tawh. Sawifiah tawh lo mai ang) te chu silaimu bul lamah chuan sam takin a hmu thei a. Dianei pistol hmangin test fire a han ti a. Tichuan test fire silaimu a lands leh grooves leh a ruang atanga an lak chhuah silai mu a lands leh grooves te chu uluk takin a han khaikhin a. Silaimu a rang awm te, khem leh gooves zau zang leh thuk lam te, lands inkar hlat lam te ngun taka a khaikhin hnu chuan Test fire silaimu leh a nunna laksaktu silaimu te chu an inang chiah a ni tih a finfiah ta a ni.

Dianei ruang kha a chhe viau nangin a taksa atangin Scientist-te chuan Biological sample an la chhuak thei hlauh a. Chu sample chuan Ronnie Neala DNA Profile a mil ta chiah mai, chu chu a pawngsual ngei a ni tih finfiahna a ni. A tawp berah chuan Diane Tillyi chunga thil thlen dan rin harsa em em tur chu Pearlchuan kimchang takin a puang ta a.

Let lawk i la. Diane Tiley ruang an hmuh hnu chuan kum 33 a upa Ronnie Neal leh a fanu kum 15 a upa Pearl Cruzi te chu man an ni ta a. An pahnih chuan mi rukbo leh tualthah thubuai awrhtir an ni. Investigator-te chuan Neala khan Dianei kawt thenfai hna a thawhsak tih an hre chhuak a. Chumi tum chuan Dianei chuan a hman tawh loh pipu uaina (Swing Set) a lo pe nghe nghe a ni. Dianei leh Cruz ten Swing set la tura an kal tumin Cruzi chuan Diane i hnenah chuan a nail polish nalh a ti thu leh mawi a tih thu a hrilh a. Dianei pawh chuan a school kalna te a lo zawt ve bawk a ni.

Pearl Cruzin Investigator-te a hrilh dan chuan Dianei nen an inhmuh hmasak ber atangin a pa nen Diane chu rawk turin ruahmanna an siam nghal a. Diane chuan an neih aia tam a nei tih an hria a, ruksak an duh a ni. Kha tualthahna thlen zan November ni 22.2004 khan ruah a sur chep chep a. Dianei chuan New York lama Thanks Giving Holiday hmang turin thawmhnaw vel a khung mek a. Pearli chuan Dianei kawngkhar chu a kik a. Nu fel leh hawihhawm tak Dianei chuan kawngka a lo hawn sak a. Dianei hian Pearli hi hnathawk tura a pa a lo ruaina atangin a hria a. Pearl chuan hla vak lova an truck a chhiat thu chhuanlamin phone hmansak a dil a. Diane i chuan a chungah eng thil nge thleng dawn tih hre hauh lovin chutia mi manganin phone hman a rawn dil ta chu lo remtiin inchhungah a luhtir ve mai a.

Inchhung an luh rual chuan Pearl chuan silai chu phawrhchhuakin Dianei chu a tin ta. Thu turin thu a han pe a. Tichuan a pa luhna turin in sir lam kawngkhar chu a hawn sak a. Neala pawh inchhungah chuan a rawn lut ve ta. Neala chuan Dianei Tennis khelhna pheikhawk pakhat a pheikhawk hrui chu phelhin Dianei hnung khirh nan a hmang ta a. Tichuan a silai leh ATM Card chu a ruksak a. Choka chhuara Chivas Regal lain Scotch zu chu a han khiat khawlh a. Um mawng lamah chuan a finger print them a hnutchhiah ta a ni. Tichuan ATM PIN number sawi turin Dianei chu a ti a. Dianei chuan hreh tak chungin a ATM PIN number chu a hrilh ta a. Pearlin Dianei chu a lo ven hlanin Neala chuan Diane Account atanga pawisa lachhuak turin a kal chhuak a. ATM ah chuan PIN number chu a han chhu lut a. Mahse PIN Number chu a dik tlat lo. Vawi 3 lai a tihnawn hnu pawhin a pawisa chu a lachhuak thei talo. Tah chuan Dianein PIN number dik lo a hrilh a ni tih a hrechhuak ta a. In lamah chuan let lehin PIN Number dik tak a hrilh loh chuan Dianei zawhte chu thahsak ah a vau ta a ni. A hrilh lawk duh loh avang chuan Niela chuan Dianei tihthaih nan Sofa lam hawiin silai chu a hmetpuak a. Dianei chuan PIN Number dik tak chu pein zawhte chu tihnat lovin a awm phah ta a ni. Neala chuan ATM Reject Receipt chu dawhkanah a hnutchhiah a. Diane carah chuan a bungraw ruksak te a hlang lut a. Chumi hnu chuan a pawngsual zui ta nghal a. Tichuan an pathum chuan Diane carin an inkhalh chhuak ta a ni. ATM dang an hmu a. Pawisa lachhuak turin an ding a. Pearli chu pawisa lachhuak turin a va kal a. Hemi tum hi chuan Pearli chuan Diane Account atangin $ 400 a lachhuak thei ta a ni. Chuta tang chuan Dianei chu hmun finrial lam an panpui leh ta a. Hmun fianrial an thlen chuan car tidingin Diane chu pawnah an hruai chhuak a. Neal a chuan a han thingthit tir a. Zahngaihna neih hauh lovin Deani chu a kap hlum ta. Dianei thu hnuhnung chu ngaihdamna thu a ni.

Cell phone record atanga a lan danin Neala chu Dianei ruang bulah dingin Pearli nu Elisa Stanleyi chu a bia a. Tunhnai lawkah pawisa a neih thu sawiin an vaia shopping a kal a rawt a. A hnuin Neala chuan Dianei car chu nam liamin a hal zui ta nghal a, Forensic Evidence zawng zawng nuibo vek turah a in ngai a. Mahse evidence tam tham zet an lo la hnutchhiah reng a ni.

Kum 2006 April khan Ronnie Neala thubuai chu ngaihtuah niin Capital Murder ah thiam loh chantir a ni ta. May 4. 2006 khan tur hmanga chiu hlum tura hremna pek a ni. A inpuan avang leh kum tling lo a nih vangin Pearli nunna erawh zuah sakin a awm a. Kum 30 lung in tang tura hremna pek a ni. A tawpah chuan Pearl Cruzi inpuanna vangin Diane thihna chu chhui chhuahin a lo awm ta a. Mahse, Investigatorte chuan Pearl Cruz inpuanna kha awm lo pawh nise an convict theih ngei ang tih an sawi a ni.

San Antonio Express News in he pawikhawihna chungchang a tarlanna ah Reporter Karisa King chuan Ronnie Neala chanchin tuihnai lo zet mai ziah tel a nei a. A sawi dan chuan Diane Tilly thah a nih lai khan Pearli khan a pa Ronnie Neala fa a pai mek a. Tin achangin pawisa hmuh nan a fanu chu mipa upa lam deuh te hnenah a inzawrhtir thin bawk. Zu leh cocaine a pe lui thin a. Pawisa hmuh nan a fanu chu a hmang thin a ni. Article pakhata Elisa Stanleyi chungchang inziah dan chuan mi hran hran lakah fa a neih thluah a. Tin, Pearli kha thlahpawlh a ni bawk.

Tur hmanga chiu hlum a nih loh nan Neala chu a a der a. Mahse, a hlawh tling lem lo. Neala tanpui, a cell-mate in a sawi dan chuan Neala khan inthah a tum thu sawiin kar khat chhung zet a ruahman a. Sunday ah tang vengtu an tlem lai taka inthah a tum a ni. Mahse heihi chu a thianpa a bum nan maia sawi niin a lang. Achhan chu a hma ni Saturday ah a intihlum a ni. A bungrua te pawh a lo thun fel thlap a, a mimal bungrua pawh a sem ral vek a ni. Neala chuan nachhawkna an pek chu ei lovin a lo khawl char char a. Tichuan chung damdawi a khawl te chu vawi khat eiah hmangin kum 2010 khan Ronnie Neal a chu jail chhungah Overdosein a intihlum ta a ni.

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Author : Bruce Kibby

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NAUPANG LUNG ZAI NGAI MI 15 TE MANIPAL HOSPITAL BANGALORE LAMAH TIRH LIAM AN NI

23rd October, 2017 khan National Health Mission (NHM), Mizoram hnuaia programme pakhat Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) chuan, natna khirh zual zai ngai, natna 13, a puih theihte zinga pakhat, Lung Natna nei, naupang 15 te chu Manipal Hospital Bangalore-ah a tir.

NHM Mizoram leh Manipal Hospital, Bangalore hian August ni 28, 2017 khan Congenital Heart Disease enkawl dan tur chungchangah inremna an lo ziak fel tawh a. Inremna an lo ziahfel tawh angin October ni 5, 2017 khan Dr. Lalchand H Bandagi, Cardiac Surgeon leh a team te lo kalin Congenital Heart Disease Screening Camp, an rawn buatsaih a. He programme hi Health Minister Pu Lalthanzara chuan hawngin naupang 167, piang hlim atanga kum 18 inkarte an inentir hlawm. Chung zinga naupang 49 te chuan Congenital Heart Disease an nei tih hriatchian sak an ni a. Heng naupang 49 zinga 15 te hi zai ngai an ni a, a bak 34 te hi la nghak hret thei an ni bawk a, a tul dan azirin an ni pawh hi inenkawl thei tura la support zel tur an ni.

Naupang 15 heart surgery ti tura tirh chhuah tak te hi phai lama in enkawl tura refer tawh, sum lam harsatna avanga kal theilo te an ni hlawm.

Manipal Hospital Bangalore hian heng naupang zaina leh enkawlna senso hi NHM Mizoram hnenah an bill anga, damlo te hnen atangain engmah an la dawn lo a ni.

Heng lung zai ngai naupang inenkawlna tur senso, kalna leh thlen man te hi, NHM, Mizoram chuan RBSK kaltlangin a tum sak vek dawn a ni. Naupang kum 7 hnuailam tan attendant 2 leh kum 7 chunglam tan attendant 1 te kalkawng senso leh thlenna a tum sak tel bawk ang.

Damlo kal turte hi chawhnu dar 1 khan Millenium Centre kawt atangin a rualin an chhuak hlawm a. Thil tul leh pawimawh inhrilhfiahna hun hi, Dr.Lalthlengliani, SPO (RBSK) hova neih a ni.

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NAUPANG LUNG ZAI NGAI MI 15 TE MANIPAL HOSPITAL BANGALORE LAMAH TIRH LIAM AN NI

23rd October, 2017 khan National Health Mission (NHM), Mizoram hnuaia programme pakhat Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) chuan, natna khirh zual zai ngai, natna 13, a puih theihte zinga pakhat, Lung Natna nei, naupang 15 te chu Manipal Hospital Bangalore-ah a tir.

NHM Mizoram leh Manipal Hospital, Bangalore hian August ni 28, 2017 khan Congenital Heart Disease enkawl dan tur chungchangah inremna an lo ziak fel tawh a. Inremna an lo ziahfel tawh angin October ni 5, 2017 khan Dr. Lalchand H Bandagi, Cardiac Surgeon leh a team te lo kalin Congenital Heart Disease Screening Camp, an rawn buatsaih a. He programme hi Health Minister Pu Lalthanzara chuan hawngin naupang 167, piang hlim atanga kum 18 inkarte an inentir hlawm. Chung zinga naupang 49 te chuan Congenital Heart Disease an nei tih hriatchian sak an ni a. Heng naupang 49 zinga 15 te hi zai ngai an ni a, a bak 34 te hi la nghak hret thei an ni bawk a, a tul dan azirin an ni pawh hi inenkawl thei tura la support zel tur an ni.

Naupang 15 heart surgery ti tura tirh chhuah tak te hi phai lama in enkawl tura refer tawh, sum lam harsatna avanga kal theilo te an ni hlawm.

Manipal Hospital Bangalore hian heng naupang zaina leh enkawlna senso hi NHM Mizoram hnenah an bill anga, damlo te hnen atangain engmah an la dawn lo a ni.

Heng lung zai ngai naupang inenkawlna tur senso, kalna leh thlen man te hi, NHM, Mizoram chuan RBSK kaltlangin a tum sak vek dawn a ni. Naupang kum 7 hnuailam tan attendant 2 leh kum 7 chunglam tan attendant 1 te kalkawng senso leh thlenna a tum sak tel bawk ang.

Damlo kal turte hi chawhnu dar 1 khan Millenium Centre kawt atangin a rualin an chhuak hlawm a. Thil tul leh pawimawh inhrilhfiahna hun hi, Dr.Lalthlengliani, SPO (RBSK) hova neih a ni.

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STOOL A INVUAK VANGIN BORAL

Tv. J.Chuau liana(34) s/o PC Thuamliana Darlawn chhimveng chu Oct.21, 2017 (Inrinni) zing dar 7 bawr velah Tommy Lalchhanchhuaha s/o Thanpari(26) chuan Stool in a vua a. Inrinni zan dar 10:30 khan Chuaua hi Aizawl panpui a nih mek laiin Sesawngah a boral a ni.

Intihbuaina an nei lo niin hriat a ni a. An lenna Thutthlengseia Chuaua mu chu in neitu Pi Lalhlimpuii chuan, “Thu chhuak vela, hei inleng an awm hi,” tiin a hrilh a, thinrima hrilh pawh a ni lo nia sawi a ni. Inneitunu chuan eirawng a bawlsan leh mai a, chutia eirawng a bawl lai chuan Tommy-a chuan in neitute thlavang hauh ni awm takin stool in Chuaua mu chu a luah a chhu a. A chhutu chu a hawng nghal daih avangin inneitu in a lo hmu lawk silo. Inleng pakhatin rawn lutin Chuaua thisen baw nuaih a zuk hmuh hnuin buaipui damdawiin lam an kalpui nghal a ni.

Zing lama an inkhawih hnu hian Chuauva hi Darlawn damdawiinah kalpui a ni a. thui ngai leh dressing te tih zawh a nih hnuin In lamah an haw leh a. Harsatna em em nei zui anga a awm loh laiin chawhnu lam atang chuan thi in a luak a, a kaih tak reng avangin Damdawiinah bawk kalpui a ni leh a. Nikhawhre lote a a awmzui tak zel avangin Aizawl lam hi panpui an ni a.

Tommy-a hian a chhut chhan ber ni a inneitunuin a sawi chu a ruih at vang bak sawi tur a hre lo. Pathianni khan Darlawnah postmortem a ni a. Chuaua kutthlaktu Tommy-a hi Darlawn Police ten an man nghal a ni.

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STOOL A INVUAK VANGIN BORAL

Tv. J.Chuau liana(34) s/o PC Thuamliana Darlawn chhimveng chu Oct.21, 2017 (Inrinni) zing dar 7 bawr velah Tommy Lalchhanchhuaha s/o Thanpari(26) chuan Stool in a vua a. Inrinni zan dar 10:30 khan Chuaua hi Aizawl panpui a nih mek laiin Sesawngah a boral a ni.

Intihbuaina an nei lo niin hriat a ni a. An lenna Thutthlengseia Chuaua mu chu in neitu Pi Lalhlimpuii chuan, “Thu chhuak vela, hei inleng an awm hi,” tiin a hrilh a, thinrima hrilh pawh a ni lo nia sawi a ni. Inneitunu chuan eirawng a bawlsan leh mai a, chutia eirawng a bawl lai chuan Tommy-a chuan in neitute thlavang hauh ni awm takin stool in Chuaua mu chu a luah a chhu a. A chhutu chu a hawng nghal daih avangin inneitu in a lo hmu lawk silo. Inleng pakhatin rawn lutin Chuaua thisen baw nuaih a zuk hmuh hnuin buaipui damdawiin lam an kalpui nghal a ni.

Zing lama an inkhawih hnu hian Chuauva hi Darlawn damdawiinah kalpui a ni a. thui ngai leh dressing te tih zawh a nih hnuin In lamah an haw leh a. Harsatna em em nei zui anga a awm loh laiin chawhnu lam atang chuan thi in a luak a, a kaih tak reng avangin Damdawiinah bawk kalpui a ni leh a. Nikhawhre lote a a awmzui tak zel avangin Aizawl lam hi panpui an ni a.

Tommy-a hian a chhut chhan ber ni a inneitunuin a sawi chu a ruih at vang bak sawi tur a hre lo. Pathianni khan Darlawnah postmortem a ni a. Chuaua kutthlaktu Tommy-a hi Darlawn Police ten an man nghal a ni.

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KAN KALPHUNG HI TIHDANGLAMA SIAMTHAT A HUN TA TAK MEUH E by M. Lalmanzuala

Pawl țhenkhatin an Souvenir-a chhuah atana min dîlna lamah he article kum 2012 daih tawha ka ziak kha ka pê a. He’ng ka thuziakte hi a țha lozawngin an la dik deuh vek mai a. Kan chhe zual tawh zawk emaw tih khawpin kan kalphungte hian belh chian an dawl lo a ni. Ngaihtuahna in lo hmanzui beiseiin ka han post a ni e.


Kan tunlai nun hian belhchian a dawl lohzia leh a pawnlanzia hi kan sawi fo tawh țhin a. Insiamțhat kan mamawhzia pawh kan sawi fo tawh țhin. Chuti chung chuan kan kalphung kawng hrang hrangah belhchian kan dawl lo tawlh tawlh a, Rev. Thansiama’n, “Kan pawnlanzia hi a thûk a ni,” a tih țhin chu a dik zual zêl sî a; insiamțhat dan kawngte a awm theih mial beiseiin belhchian kan dawl loh zualna laite chu kan han tarlang leh dawn a ni.

Politics leh Sawrkar :
Politics hi ram leh hnam inkaihhruaina kawnga a pawimawh ber a ni kan ti lo thei lo va. Hemi kawnga kan kal sual chuan kawng dangah kal dik ngaihna a awm lo tih theih a ni. Heti lama kan kal sual nasatzia hi i han tarlang phawt teh ang.

Democracy chu mipuite’n an țhatna tura ro an inrêlna kawnghmang a ni a. An aiawha an thlan MLA leh MP te chu an rawngbawl turte an ni. Hei hi thil awmdan tur a nih laiin rawngbawl tura thlan tlinte chuan thlan lal an inti a, chutiang tak chuan an khawsa nghal a; mipuite pawhin chu chu a nih dan tur rengah kan pawm nghal bawk a. Kan thlan LAL te chu lawmpuina rilru pu ni lovin, an thiltihtheihna zâr zo beisei vang zâwkin chibai kan bûk nghal a. Anni pawhin Sawrkarina thuneihna sâng tak leh thiltihtheihna tam tak a pêkte chu mahni hmasial nana hmang thei tur an nih inhresa ranin an nihna thar neih chu thil lawmawm tak leh chhuanawm takah an ngâi a. Ram leh mipui tâna hnathawh tumna chu nei lo mah se, lemchan thiam tak an nihna chu hmang țangkaiin an nihna chan chu inthlahrunna leh zahna chhe tê pawh nei lovin, ‘Pathian malsawmna, Pathiam remruat’ ti tein an chhâl țhin a ni.

Sawrkar pawisa chu ram hmasawn nan leh ram leh mipuite mamawh thil danga hman tur a nih laiin, kan thlan LAL te chuan an mimal tâ anga ngaiin anmahni tân te, an chhungkhat laina leh țhian țhate tân leh politics-a an țangkai pui theihna thilah an hmang a. An thuneihna leh thiltihtheihna dang pawh chutiang tho chuan an hmang a ni. Tun kum 45 zet chhûnga kan Chief Minister leh Minister ni tawhte zîngah ram leh mipui tâna thil țangkai leh chhenfâk tlâk min hnutchhiahtu an la awm mang lo hian he kalphung țha lo tak hi a hrilhfiah chiang hle a ni. Kawng hrang hranga hmasawnna kan neih vête hi chu Sawrkar kalphung pangngaiina a ken tel vête zînga mi an ni a; ui cho pawh Chief Minister emaw Minister emaw se la, kan hmuh tho tura ngaih theih thil an ni.

Hetianga mipui chanâi tur an hui zawh deuh veka neih loh aram pawh nei tawh mang lo leh chhungkhat laina leh țhian țha dangte pawh dawmkân loh alawi an neih mang loh tawh hnu-ah pawh duhtâwk neih ahnêkin an hlawh leh thil dang danga hamțhatna thilah an inpêk belh zêl a. Chawmhlawm State-a kan thlan lalte chu India rama thlan tlinte zîngah hlawh nei sâng ber leh hamțhatna dang nei ngah ber-a chhal theih an lo ni ta hial a ni. Nihna an neih tawh loh hnu pawha nuamsa tâwk taka an khawsak theihna tur an ruahman fel vek tih theih a ni. Sum leh pai lama hnianghnar bâkah mipui hmuh leh ngaiha ropui leh pawimawh nih hlawh theihna hi an zawn reng leh an ngaihpawimawh ber pakhat a ni. Chuvang chuan tê lua leh ho lutuk pawh ngaihtuah lo lêka sawmtu an awm phawt chuan khawiah pawh ‘khuallian’-a țang thei zêl mai an ni.

A kuang bâng mipuiin an chan ve chin, Sawrkar thil leh pawisa te pawh, an ngilneih êm vanga an mimal tâ an pêk niawm taka lantirin ‘silpolin’ thlengin a hmun ngeia petu-a țan an la chuh zêl a. Fakna hla nena lo âwitu an awm zel bawk a ni.

Kan politiciante’n kan hnam nun an tihchhiat nasatna ber pakhat chu thawhrim aia thatchhiat ngaihsân zâwkna nuna nghet taka min hruailût tâ hi a ni. Sawrkar Dept hrang hrang hmlâkna apiangah pawisa sanction hu thawhchhuah hmuh tur a awm ngai lo va. Sawrkar hnathawk leh contractor/supplier-te nena țangrualin thawh loh bill an la a; an inti hausa thûr thûr a. Hnathawk lova tu leh fate thlenga duhtâwka hman tur pawisa an nei a. An hun tam ber chu chhiat ni țhat ni-a mi kan kual nan an hmang a. Eiruk pawisa siper dawng pha ve chin, hnathawk lova hetiang tih nana an hun tam ber hmang țhintute nen an inhmuhna apiangah, “I va ti țha ve,” tiin an infak(der) tawn a. Hnathawh tur pawimawh an neih avanga chutiang ti ve thei lote chu ‘ti țha ve lo”-ah an ngai a. Hnathawk lova ni lêng lênga vah kual chu tih dan țha angah an lantîr a. Taima taka hnathawh nun chu âtthlâk leh ngaihnêp thil-ah an chan ta țhin a ni.

Kan Sawrkar hrang hrang thil intihhmuh țha lo tak mai chu, vantlang țhatna-a ngaihtheih ve ang reng sî, vote zawnna remchâng atâna mipui lawmzâwng thil an ti vak țhin hi a ni. Entir nan, tupawhin sikul leh college neih hi an duh vek a. Hetiang neih hi zirna lama hmasawnna leh țangkai thei ni mah se, changkânna-a ngâiin inel nân tak, khaw/vêng tam takin an hmang a. Kan mamawh ber a nih leh nih loh pawh ngaihtuah lo lêkin hmun tin hmun tangah sikul leh college te kan hûng thluah a. Sikul leh College țhenkhat-ah chuan zirlai âia zirtirtu an tam zâwkna te pawh a awm nual a ni. Hetiang kalphungah hian zirna mumal a neih theih loh a. Fail deuh pup pup-na leh a hminga pass ve țâwk țâwk, thiamna hman țangkai tlâk nei mang si lo kan neih duah țhin pawh hi heng vang hi a ni pakhat a ni. Hetianga mumal lohna hi zirtirtu tam takin dâwngdah phah nân an hmang a. Aikal lâk thluah mai te, mahni thawhna leh hlawh lâkna thingtlang sikula awm lo va, Aizawla kan in attach fur mai te pawh hi hetiang kalphung mumal loh lutuk vanga lo awm a nihna chin pawh a awm. Hetianga zirtirtu dan bawhchhia leh awm țha duh lote zînga Kohhran Upa te, Pathian thuhril lâr tak tak te, Sande School zirtirtu te leh khawtlang thila invawrh lâr tak tak an awm fuk thei reng mai hi kan nun tlakhniamzia leh bawlhhlawhzia tilang chiangtu a nih avang pawh hian țha lo tak a ni.

Hetiang kalphung țha lo avang hian ziak leh chhiar thiam chu kan pung reng a, ‘lehkhathiam’ erawh chu an tlêm tial tial thung a. Sawrkar hnathawh nan chauha hman tlak ‘cerificate’ nei, thil țangkai tih nana thiamna nghet nei an awm ta mang lo hi kan ram tiluhaitu ber pakhat a ni ta. Hei hi kan hruatute hian hre mawlh se, ziak leh leh chhiar tam berna nih hi politics khelh nana hmang tawh lovin zirna pawimawhzia leh thiamna hman tlak nei chher chhuah hi kan mamawh ber a ni tih hi hre tawh se, quantity ni novin quality hi kan mamawh tak chu a ni tih hriain chutiang hawi zawng chuan min kalpui tawh se, țhat lam kan pan zâwk ngei ang.

Kan Sawrkara thuneitute hian pawisa hmanna leh thilpêkna lama an thiltihtheihnate chu an hmang rim hlê a; mahni hmasialna kawngah an hmang deuh vek bawk tih kan sawi tawh a. He lamah hian an tih tur dik tak an tih loh avangin ram leh mipuite an phatsan chiang hle a ni. Hei ai maha pawi zâwk phei chu an mawhphurhna an hlen lo lutuk hi a ni. Chhûngkaw lû, pâ a ni ang hian ram leh hnam lû chu Sawrkara kan hruaitute hi an ni. Chhungkaw pa chuan kawng hrang hranga chhungkaw intodelhna kawnga țan a lak chu a tih tur pawimawh tak a nih rualin, chhungkaw zahawmna humhalh pawh a mawhphurhna pawimawh tak a ni. Chu mi kawnga a hlawhchham chuan patlinga chhiar tlak a ni lo vang.

Kan Sawrkarin ram leh hnam pa a nihnaa sawrkar zahawmna a humhalh loh lutuknaah hian pa ber chan chu a chang zo lo hul hual tih loh theih a ni ta lo. Dan bawhchhetu leh thil tisualtu hrem ngam alawi hi a nei tawh lo va. Thil țha leh țûl ti tur phei chuan a nawra nawr kal an ngai tawh a ni. Hei hi kan Sawrkar tlin lohna ber a ni a. Ram hmasawn nana hnathawh hi a hna pawimawh ber pakhat a ni tih a hriat rualin ram leh hnam tan pa chan chang a ni tih hriaa ram leh hnam thil leh hnam zahawmna humhalhna kawngah patling chêta a chêt a hunin a țul tak meuh a ni.

Sawrkar hnathawk :
Sawrkar hnathawkte hi Sawrkar hmalâkna hrang hrang ti hlawhtling tura lâk an ni tih kan hria a. Sawrkar hnathawkte lâk nana hnathawh tur hi siam chawp a ni lo. Hei hi thil kalhmang dik tak a nih lâiin kan kalphung erawh chu a letling hlauh a ni ta.

Kan Sawrkar apiangte hian Sawrkar hna hi politics thila ngaihpawimawh zâwngte leh chhungkhat laina leh țhian țha te duhsakna remchângah an hmang a. Hna thawh tur mumal a awm loh pawhin chhuanlam siam chawpin hna an siam belh zêl a. Mizoram hi mihring tam lam ngaihtuaha India ram State hrang hrang zînga Sawrkar hnathawk tamna ber pakhat a lo ni ta hial a ni.

Sawrkar hnathawkte zîngah hian mi rinawm leh taima tlêm azâwng chu an awm; a tam berte erawh chu rinawm lo leh hnathawk țha lote an ni. Sawrkar hnathawkte chanchin leh an țhat tâwk lohna te sawichhuah hrim hrim hi kan tum a ni lo va. Amaherawhchu an kalphung dik lo hian kan khawtlang nun a țha lo zâwnga a nghawng avangin insiamțhat dan a awm te beiseiin kan sawi a ni zâwk.
Sawrkar hnathawk tam berte chu kan sawi tâk ang khan Sawrkara kan hotute’n an duhsak zâwng an lâk te an ni a. Hei vang hian hlawh sâng zâwk leh hamțhatna dang an nawr chak thei hlê a; ram pum-ah an ni âia dinhmun țha sawi tur an awm lo tluk a ni.
Sawrkar hnathawk hlawh hi chhungkaw chawmna khawp a ni a; chutiang taka ruahman țhin pawh a ni a. Hei bâkah Medical Re-imbursement te, Leave Travel Concession te, T.A./D.A. țha tâwk tak leh chawlh hnu-ah ‘pension’ innghahfâkna tham tak an nei a ni.

Medical Re-imbursement phei hi chu hotute nena inhriatthiam tawnna leh inchhawr tawnna a awm vang te pawh a ni ang, kan phalrai ta hle a, chhûngte chhûng te thlengin kan țangkaipui ta deuh vek a ni ber mai. A hmang țangkai an tam bâkah a hmang apiang tih theih deuh thaw-in a hleihluak zâwng deuh vekin an hmang bawk a, Sawrkar tan chuan hautak tak a ni. Kan Sawrkar Budget pum pui ațanga za-a 40 zet Sawrkar hnathawk hlawh leh a behbawm-a kan hman a\ang ngawt pawh hian hmasawnna hnathawhna kawngah kan Sawrkar hnathawkte hi phurrit an ni ta tak meuh a ni.

Eirûk leh thamna chi hrang hrang te reng reng hi, Minister tih a ni emaw, contractor/supplier tih a ni emaw, hna zawng te tih a ni emaw, Sawrkar hnathawkte hriatpui emaw, kaltlang emaw, tel vêna emaw-a tih vek a nih avangin kan Minister te, contractor/supplier leh hna dîlte chu eng emaw kawng kawnga eiru leh thamna pûk chîng deuh vek an nih avangin, he kalphung bawlhhlawh tak mai hian Sawrkar hnathawkte hi a tipawimawh zualin a tihnianghnar zual a ni. Hei vang hian kan Sawrkar hnathawkte hi a tlangpui thuin an hlawh lêt vêla khawsa an ni deuh vek a; a lian leh dinhmun pawimawh chelhtute phei hi chuan an eiru hnem êm a, an eirûk pawisa-a in leh lo an siam ropuizia chu ni tin tih theih deuh thaw-in chanchinbu-ah te chhiar tur a awm tâ a nih hi. He kalphung bawlhhlawh tak bawk hian Minister-te leh Sawrkar hnathawkte chu a innl tawntîrin a inhlauh tawntîr bawk a. Chuvang chuan dik lo hrem ngam alawi leh thil țha tih țûl ti ngam alawi pawh an awm loh phah ta țhin a ni.

Hetianga kan Sawrkar kalphung dik loh avang hian a tak taka hnathawh hmuh tur a tlêm êm êm a. Kan Sawrkar hnathawk tam berte hi chuan hnathawh tur an nei lo tak meuh meuh a ni. Hei vang hian leh Mizote hi nihna leh dinhmun duh ngawih ngawih hnam kan nih avang hian, a tih dan hrethiam pha chinte chu Pathian rawngbawl duh tak tak vang emaw, țanpui ngai țanpui duh vang tak tak emaw ni chuang hauh lovin, Kohhran Upa-ah te leh Tlawmngai Pawl hruaitu-ah te an țang ta fur mai a ni. Chutiang an nihna te pawh chu a nihna taka hmang lovin mahni țanghma ûmna remchângah leh intihlârna remchângah an hmang ta deuh zêl bawk a ni. Chu bâkah kan Kohhran te, kan Tlawmngai Pawl te leh pawl dang te pawh hian Sawrkar hnathawkte hi an thiltihtheihna țangkaipui theih beisei avanga nihna lo siam sak ni te pawhin a ngaih theih a ni. Hetiang nihna chang pha ve lo te chuan an hun tam tak chu chhiat ni țhat ni a phungthlûkna remchângah an hmang a.

Inkhel en a thiang a; picnic a thiang a..Thawhpuite emaw leh an chhûngte emaw thî râlna phei chu Inrinni emaw leh office chawlhni emaw te-a neih chuan a hlutna a bo vek an hlau emaw tih mai turin office chhuahsan ngeiin an nei țhin. Heng hun te hi, inneih leh lungphun te pawh tiamin, office nî leh office hun chhûng ngeia an tih thinna chhan pakhat chu, office chawlhni chuan mahni mimal hna kalsana hetiang huna kal duh hi an awm bar thin loh vang a ni. Office chhuahsan lote pawhin hnathawh tur ber a awm miau loh chuan, lehkha te an dêngin, computer/video games te an khel mai bawk țhin.

Sawrkar hna chu a tak ram thleng lova, thil dang tihna remchânga kan hman tâk avangin Sawrkar hnathawkte chuan an nihna dik tak leh an awm chhan ber pawh chu an hre tawh lo va. Hna avanga awm an nihna ber pawh chu an hrethiam tawh lo va. Hnate chu anmahni vanga lo awm ve chauh emaw an ti zâwk tawh a ni. Engineer te chuan kawng te, in te, electric te, tui te chu anmahni avanga lo awm ve maiah an ngai tawh a; hengte hi kan mamawh thilte an nih avanga, anmahni zâwk chu lo awm an ni tih an hre tawh lo. Sports Minister/Director pawhin Football te, Badminton te, Judo te leh game dangte avanga awm an ni tih an inhre tawh lo va; hengte hi an duha an awmtir theih leh an duh loha a awm lohtîr theih-ah an ngai a. Vety Department pawh ran vulh vang leh natna te an neiha enkawl hna thawk tur an ni tih inhre chang tawh lovin, an hnathawh țhat avanga vawk te, âr te, bawng te leh ran dangte chu lo nung dam ve zelah an ngai emaw tih tur an ni. Agriculture, Horticulture leh Dept. dangte pawh chutiang zelin.

Hnam changkâng leh ropui Sâp kan tihte’na mahni hna chelh lâi țheuh duty an tih an ngaihpawimawh êm êm, chutiang hna an thawhna lama a țul chuan thih phah hial pawh huama thawk tura an lo inzirtir țhin laiin keini chuan kan han sawi tâk kha kan kalpui dân chu a ni a. Chuvang chuan Sawrkar hna-in zahawmna a neih țhinte pawhin a tlakhniam phah tawlh tawlh a; tih tur dang an hriat ngang loh avang leh hlawh leh hamțhatna dang chhenfakawm tak a ken tlat avangin kan țhalai lehkhathiamte chuan inhnimphûm nana hman an tum deuh vek zêl rih sî a ni.

Kan Sawrkar hotute leh Sawrkar hnathawkte kalphunga thil duhawm lo tak mai chu mipuite ngaihtuah miah lova an țanghma an ûm zêl hi a ni. Anmahni zînga hlawh sâng zâwk leh hamțhatna nei tam deuh te nih ang leh neih ang niha neih an tum zêl a; an aia State dang mite chanvo nei țha zâwk an awm chuan chutiang mite nih ang leh neih ang niha neih an tum zêl bawk a. State dang leh Central Sawrkara thawkte aia sâng zâwka indah hial pawh pawi an ti tawh lo a ni.
Hetiang an tihna kawngah hian a sâng zâwng leh a hnianghnar zâwnga an awm theih dan tur ngawr ngawr an zawng a; an kân ruala mipuite țhat ve dân tur an ngaihtuah ngai reng reng lo. Chuvangin anni hi an sâng tawlh tawlh a, an hnianghnar tawlh tawlh a; mipuite chu anmahni nena tehkhin chuan an tlahniam tawlh tawlh thung a ni.Hei hi thil dik leh thil awm dan tur a nih ngang loh avangin, Sawrkar hruaitute leh Sawrkar hnathawkte kan itsîkin kan elrel tihna ni lovin mipuite hi kan chanvo hria-a chu chu kan neih ngei theih nana tan kan l ak thiam a hun tak meuh tawh a ni kan tihna a ni.

Kohhran :
Sawrkar leh Sawrkar hnathawkte kalphung mumal loh ang tho hian kan Kohhrante kalphung hi a mumal lo va. Kan thlarau nun ngaihtuahawmzia chu sawi loh kan mihring nun tlahniam zêlah pawh hian a mawhphurtu ber an nihna lâi a awm a ni.
Kawng engkim tihtheih deuh thaw-ah an kalphung hi a khawvel êm êm mai a. Kohhran hruaitute chuan a hming an lam zûr zut tih mai loh chu Pathian thuawih an nihna âwm hmuh theih a awm mang lo. Hemi kawngah hian ringtute pawhin danglamna kan nei chuang vak lo bawk.
Kan Kohhran hruaitute’na an ngaihpawimawh ber chu thawhlawm khawn hi a ni a. Thawhlawm thawh hi Pathian thu laimu lâi takah an ngai emaw tih mai tur khawpin hemi lamah hian țan an la nasa a. Kan thawhlawm thawh hi Pathian thu kan awih leh awih loh tehfung berah an hmang a. Thawhlawm a tlâk țhat chuan kan rinna a chak ni-ah an ngai mai a ni. Thawhlawm thawh hi a pawng apuiin kan sawisel a ni lo. Amaherawhchu kan thawhlawm pawisa hmanna te hi Pathian duhzawng ni-a a lan loh êm avang zâwkin sawisel nawn fo a ngai a ni zâwk.

Mizorama pawisa vir vêl tam ber hi chu kawng hrang hranga eirûk pawisa a ni. Chutiang eirûk pawisa hmang chuan biak in ropui tak tak te kan sâ a; missionary-te kan thawn chhuak a; office changkâng tak tak te kan sâ a, hnathawk, hlawh țha tâwk leh ham thatna chi hrang hrang pê-in kan ruai a; sumdâwngte tih angin pawisa lâkluh nan in te kan sâ a, press te leh thil dang dang pawh kan nei a; Kohhran hruaitute’n changkâng taka khawsak nan an hmang a; a tawi zâwngin sawi ila, a khawvel zâwng deuh vekin kan inkaihruaiin a ni ber mai.

Kan inkhâwm te, kan inkhâwmpui te, kan camping te, kan crusade te, kan revival te, kan țawngțairual te, kan Bible chhiar te, kan sualsimna entirna te hi,anmahni hrim hrim chu a țha lo kan tihna a ni lo.Amaherawhchu kan thinlung taka ti lova, alang amawi atan ringawta ti lek fang kan nih vâng tih loh rual loha kan nun chhûngrila țhatpui nana hman ahnêka kan nun a chhe tawlh tawlh a, corruption do pawl pawh an pun tual tual lawi sî avang hian inbihchian a ngai kan tihna a ni..

Kan Kohhran hruaitute ber pawh hi a changkâng zâwnga khawsak duh mi an ni a. Kawng hrang hranga an inrelbawlna hi mipui mimir tamberte aia sâng zâwk vek a ni. An hawiher leh an chêttlat dânah pawh mipui mimir chunga lêng an ni. Sawrkar leh khawtlang thilah an inrawlh nasa hlê a; inthlan thuchah khêl lovin an siam ziah a, Total Prohibition phei chu an nawr luih avanga Sawrkarin a tih a ni. Hengte hian țangkaina nei thei an nih lâiin a bawhzuina lamah Kohhran ber hi a saseh hun a thlenin a insaseng leh lawi sî țhin a, țangkaina tak a awm leh țhin lo a ni.

Kum zabi 16-na kha Catholic Kohhran hruaitu, Pope leh Bishop te, a khawvel zâwnga an khawsak zualkai hun a ni a. Politics bâkah nun kawng hrang hrang-ah inrawlh lohna an nei meuh lo va; kawng tam taka khawtlang nun a chhe lama hruailuttu an nihna lai a awm. Chuvanga Martin Luthera te khan Reformation rawn nawr an ni. Tunlai kan Kohhran hruaitute kalphung en hi chuan khang hun laia Pope leh Bishop te nena danglamna an neih, kawrfual vâr an ha ve lo tih mai loh chu, hmuh tur a vâng hle. Moderator-te pehi chuan kawrfual dum/sen an ha țan leh tawh nghe nghe a.

Kan sawi fo tawh angin Mizorama pawisa virlêt vêl hi Central Sawrkar pawisa kan hmuh a dik lo zâwnga kan hman ațanga lo chhuak deuh vek an ni a. Sumdâwngte pawisa dawn te pawh hi chutiang pawisa tho chu a ni. Inhlawhfate pawisa dawn te pawh, taima tak leh rinawm taka hnathawk an awm mang loh avangin a thianghlim chuang lo. Loneitute’n an thawh hah rah thlai thar an hralhna man te hi chu a thianghlim awm chhun a ni mai ang. Chungte pawh chu an pawisa dawn bera kha a bawlhhlawh chuan a thianghlim chuang lo, kan tih zêl phei chuan pawisa thianghlim hi a awm lo tluk a ni.
Hetiang hi thil awmdan a nih lai a, kan Kohhrante’n kum tina pawisa vabelchhe 1000 chuang zet an dawng țhin a nih a, an hmanna ber pawh a khawvel zâwng leh a changkâng leh ropui zâwnga inrelbawlna a nih chuan chu bâka corruption chu a awm chuang dawn em ni? Hetiang kalphhung hi mi corrupt te mi zahawma siamtu leh corruption tipunluntu ber zawk chu a ni ti ila, hnial thei kan awm ang em?

Kan Sawrkar leh Sawrkar hnathawkte kalphungah thawh awm mang lo va pawisa tam tak tak siam țhin hian kan nun kawng hrang hrangah min tichhia kan tih ang chiah kha, kan Kohhran kalphung-ah pawh hian a awm a. A thawha thawh vang ni lova, rinna avang chauha chhandam nih theih tih inzirtirna te, inkhawm tam te, țawngțai rual te, Pathian fakna hla sak thiam leh sak zin te, camping te, crusade te, revival te leh anazawnga Pathian hming lam te kan inzirtirna leh inkaihhruaina langsar berte an ni a. Hengte hi a thuhrimin țul lo leh țangkai lo-ah kan ngai tihna ni lovin, Pathian biak dan țha ber leh awm chhun niawm taka kan kalpui erawh hi chuan a țha lo zawnga kan nun a kaihhruai avangin her rem dan kan zawn a țul kan tihna a ni zâwk. Hetiang kalphung hian mahni hnathawhna țheuha taimak leh rinawm a pawimawhzia a hliah mai pawh ni lovin, rinawmna te, taihmakna te leh TAKNA ber pawh chu thil țul lo leh ngaihsantlâk loh-ah a siam a. Heti taka kan lo thatchhe ta a, kan lo rinawm lo ta a, serh leh sang leh chhia leh țha hriatna kan nei lo ta lutuk hi hetiang kalphung hrin chhuah hi a ni tih loh rual a ni lo.

Kan khawvel hi chênna tlâk loh, lungngaih țahna, hlimna reng reng awm lohna leh kan mikhualna ram mai a ni ti-a kan inzirtira kan hla zawng zawng tih theih deuh thaw-a kan aupui țhin hi Pathianin khawvel a siam dan leh a remruat dan nena inkalh a ni tih kan inhrilhhriat a hun tawh a. Hetiang sawi reng chunga kan nuam tih zawng hlira Pathian rawng kan bawl leh sî țhin te hi thil inmil lo tak a ni tih kan hriat a pawimawh a ni. Khawvel hi Pathianin a duh taka a siam a ni a; kan dam chhûng hun hi uluk tak leh țha taka kan hman hi Pathian duhzâwng a ni tih te hi kan inzirtir a hunin a țul tawh tak meuh a ni.

Kan Kohhran hruaitute hian Thatchhiat Theology bansanin, tuarna te, intodelh te, mimal nun uluk taka vawn te hi ringtute nuna tel tlat leh pawimawh a ni tih te min zirtir tawh se, Lal Isua’n khawvel ropuina a hawisan ang khan hawisan ngam ve se, thupêk a zawm zel thei ang khan zawm ve thei se, a inngaihtlawmna nun kha entawn se, hmangaihna leh khawngaihnaa khat a nih te kha haider mai lovin entawn zâwk bawk se, retheite phurrit-te hi phurhpui ve se, ringtute pawhin kan țhatphah ngei ang. Kan Kohhran hruaitute hi inbihchiang ngam se kan tihna a nih chu.

Tlawmngai Pawlte :
Kan Tlawmngai Pawl langsar zual, YMA, MUP leh MHIP te hi pawl lian tak leh thiltithei tak an ni vek a. An thiltihtheihna hmanga ram leh hnam tâna thil țha tih pawh an nei nual a ni. Amaherawhchu an pawl din chhan leh thil tum hlam chhiah ti tih khawpa thil danga an inhman nasat luat tâk avang hian an pen sual ta deuh em ni tih loh theih a ni lo. Entir nan, YMA thil tum pawimawh ber chu țanpui ngaite tanpui leh retheite dâwmkân a nih reng laia, kum 80 zet a nih hnu tawh pawh a, mi rethei dâwmkân ngâi, in leh lo țha pangngai leh eizawnna nghet nei lote, dâwmkâna eizawnna nghet an hmuh sak sawi tur alawi an awm lo chauh pawh ni lo va, an pung tual tual emaw tih tur zâwka kan awm hi chuan ngaihtuahna a ti kal thui deuh țhin zawng a nih hi. YMA din chhan leh thil tum en chuan TNT-a fahrah 1000 chuang zet awm te pawh saw, an tân chona lian tak a ni tih loh theih pawh a ni lo a ni.

Heng bâkah hian kan Tlawmngai Pawlte’n inthlan an neih apianga inhruipawhna leh hmanraw bawlhhlawh an hman thu sawi tur a awm ziah țhin hian kan Tlawmngai Pawlte hming a tihliau a. Sawrkar leh khawtlang thil pawimawh apianga an inrawlh deuh ziah țhin hian pressure group lian tak an nihzia a ti lang țhin a; chu chuan tlawmngai pawl kalphung dik tak a ni em, tih zawhna a rawn awmtîr țhin hian ngaih a ti țha lo țhin a ni. Pawl pakhatin an pawl thil tum nena inzawm, ram pum tâna thil pawimawha Minister pakhat an hmuh țuma an rawtna chu chhângin, Minister chuan, “Keipawhin in rawtna chu țha ka tiin, tih țul tak ni pawhin ka hria, mahse, YMA/MZP-te’n min han nawr phawt se mawle,” a lo ti a. Hei hian hemi kawnga kan kalphung țhat lohzia a tilang hle a ni.

Kan Sawrkar hruaitute, Sawrkar hnathawk țhenkhatte leh Contractor/Supplier țangrualte’n kan Sawrkar pawisa tamber chu an hui vek avang te, kan Sawrkar pawisa tam tham tak Sawrkar hnathawkte hlawhah a kal vang te, kan Kohhrante’n eirûk pawisa a vaibelchhe têla an lo dawn reng avang te, kan tlawmngai pawlte pawh Sawrkar pawisa-a innghat deuh vek an nihna hian kan ram economy hi awmze nei lohah a siam a. Kan kuthnathawktute’n hah taka an hnathawh rah te chuan an phû ang hlâwkna a hmu thei lo va. Sumdawnna kawngah pawh rinawm taka thil tih tum tân tih hleih theih loh khawpin kawng a ping a ni. Hetianga kan kal zêl chuan chhiatrupna hun hi kan thleng ngei dawn a; chung hunah chuan hausate pawh an him chuang lo vang.

Rev. Thansiama’n a sawi fo țhin ang khan TAKNA hi Mizote’n kan nuna kan tlak chham ber chu a la ni zel a. Kan ngaihsan zâwng, Sâp țawnga value system an tih a dik loh avangin kan mimal nun leh kan khawtlang nunah kan puitling thei lo va; kan pawnlâng êm êm reng mai a; min hrechiangtu hnam fing zâwkte chuan min ngainêp êm em mai a ni. A taka nun pui si lova, Pathian thu sawi leh a hming lam rîk zen hi intihchangkânna emaw kan ti a, inel nân tak kan hmang a. Zai ngaina mi kan nih avangin zai thiam kan ngaisang a, zai an thiam poh leh an mimal nunah bawlhhlawh viau mah se, Pathian rawngbawl țha ta viau zêlah kan ngâi a. Thawhchhuah loh pawisa ringa ni tin deuh thaw leh ni lêng lênga mitthi ral tur awm apiang suartluan țhin te chu kan ngaisang a; MLA candidate emaw Kohhran Upa emaw nih tum tan chuan essential qualification –ah kan la ngai zêl a. Eirûk pawisa hmanga intiropuite chu thawhlawm leh thilpêk dangte-a Kohhran te, Tlawmngai Pawl te leh Political Party te an vûr thiam phawt chuan mi ngaihsanawmah kan ngai zel a; nihna leh dinhmun țha leh pawimawh te kan chantîr zêl a ni. Mahni tawtawrâwt hâm thiam leh lemchan thiam apiangte chu mahni hna-a rinawm lo leh mihring nihna pawha belhchian dawl lo tak an nih hre reng chung pawhin kan ngaisang tho a, kan khawtlang nunah centre stage an chang thei fo a ni.
Hei tak hi insiamțhat kan mamawhna lâi ber a ni a. Heng kan ngaihsan zawng dik lo leh hetiang ang thil dangte hi kan bansan a, a țha leh puitling zâwnga kan inkaihhruai loh chuan kawng hrang hranga insiamțhat nana țan kan lâkna te chuan awmzia an nei thei tak tak ngai lo ang a; a hlawhtling tak tak ngai bawk lo ang. Rilru-a țhanlen hi kan mamawh a ni.

Engpawhnise, ram a ro reng lai leh mipui an retheih reng lâia, ram leh mipuite hmangaih vanga an rawngbawltu intite an mam kûng reng a; ringtute aia Pathian rawngbawltu intite an khawsak theih zawk reng a, Pathan fa-a vuah tlâk alawi kan awm bawk sî loh va, tlawmngai pawl member-te mithmuh ngeia, rethei leh țanpui ngai an awm reng a, an pun zêl bawk chhûng hi chuan, a tak ram chu kan la hlat hlê zêl a ni tih hria ila. Chuvang chuan inbihchiana insiamțhat hi kan mamawh tak meuh meuh tawh a ni tih kan hriat a țul a ni. Mi tinin dân leh kan chhia leh țha hriatna-in ti tura min tih apiang țha takin ti zêl ila, ti lo tura min tih apiang ti lo thei zêl ila, chu chu insiamțhatna kawng țha ber chu a ni ngei ang.

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MIZORAM, MANIPUR LEH NAGALAND PROTECTED AREA THLAHDULNA KUM 2022 THLENG PAWTSEI

Mizoram, Manipur leh Nagaland te Foreigner (Protected Areas) Order, 1958 hmanga Protected Area-a puan an nihna thlah dulna chu kumin December thla atanga chhiar tana kum nga dang, December ni 31, 2022 thleng atan pawhsei a ni.

He Protected Area thlahdulna thupek hi India sawrkarin venhimna thila tul a tih hun apiangah a chawplehchilhin a hnuk kir thei tih a ni. He thlahdulna hian Afghanistan, China leh Pakistan mite leh heng ram atanga zi chhuak ram dang mi a huam lova. Heng mi hian Mizoram, Manipur leh Nagaland te an tlawh duh a nih chuan Ministry of Home Affairs-ah phalna an la hmasa tur a ni. Protected Area Permit (PAP) tel lovin heng State pathumte hi an tlawh tur a ni lo. PAP nei lova an tlawh lui a nih chuan Foreigners Act dan anga hrem tur an ni ang.

Foreigner dang heng State tlawhtute chuan State an luh atanga darkar 24 chhungin Foreigner Registration Officer (FRO)-ah an in register tur a ni a, FRO Office chuan foreigner lo zin te chuan ram dan bawhchhiatna thil an tih leh tih loh an thlithlai zui reng tur a ni.

Myanmar mite pawh kum nga dang PAP tel kher lova heng State te tlawh phalna hi pek an ni a, a chunga mi ang tho hian heng State pathum te visa nei chunga an rawn luh chuan FRO-ah darkar 24 chhunga in register ve tur a ni. Lirthei hmanga heng State te paltlanga, riak/cham khawmuang tur an nih loh phei chuan FRO a in register kher pawh a ngai chuang lo a ni. FRO/State Police ten an cham chhunga an chet dan an thli thlaiin dan an bawhchhiat loh nan an enzui reng tur a ni a, dan bawhchhiatna a awm chuan dan hmanga hrem tur an ni ang, tih a ni.

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