AIZAWL VENG HRANG HRANG HMING TOBUL

(Aizawl khawpui veng hrang hrang hming put chhan ziaktu hi ka hre lo, whatsapp group-a ka dawn ka rawn cp ve thuai mai. A bengvarthlak viau. Rual u zawk ten sawi belh tur an hre nualin ka ring..vnt)

Bawngkawn: He laiah hian kum 1917 lai khan sebawng nei Gurkha in hnih lek an awm a. An awmna kâwn chu sebawngpu awmna kâwn tih a ni a. Tûnah chuan Bawngkawn kan lo ti ta zâwk a ni.

Bungkawn: Khatla leh Maubawk inkâra awm a ni a. A kâwn lai taka bung awm chu hmingah chawiin Bungkawn hming an vuah a ni. Tûn hma chuan sipai ho nupui an awm thîn.

Bethlehem: Tûn hma chuan, Babaji Veng, Midum emaw, Thatvunga veng, Transport emaw tih a ni thîn avangin lehkhathawn pawhin Address mumal a nei thei lova, a buaithlak hle mai a, Kum 1961 a lo in herchhuak a. Pu Thangbuaia, Transport-a thawk Inah krismas an hmanga, an zai tui hle mai. Pu Zikpuia sawi danin, “Tlai kan ruaithehzo, kan han zaikhawm leh chu kan zai tui ta hle mai a, chuta kan zai khawm lai chuan ka ding chhuak thut a. ‘ Kan veng hmingah chuan Bethlehem tih a lo ni tawh ang’ tiin ka puang ta thut mai a ni” a ti. He tih lai hian Krismas leh Kumthar pawh Sipai lane atangin an rawn chhim ve thin a ni awm e.

Veng hming mumal tak neih duhna a lo awm bawk nen zan khat an lengkhawm chau tawh chuan chu chu remchangah hmangin titi ho nan an hmanga, Veng hming turte an sawi hova, chuta an relah chuan, thuchhuah siamin Veng hming rawtna nei duhte chu Pu Thangbuaia hnena hriattir turin an ti a. Hun rem changah inhmukhawm leh inhmukhawm lehin, veng hming tur an sawi khawm ta a ni. chutah Pu zikpuia rawtna leh a hmaa a lo put thin te an sawikhawm a, Rawtna hrang hrang zingah Pu zikpuia rawtna ‘Bethlehem’ tih hming a phuah chhante an ngaithla a, ‘Pathianin min hmuhtir a ni’ a tih a vangin tuman an hnial ngam ta lova, tichuan Veng hming atan BETHLEHEM tih chu lungrual taka pawm a ni ta a ni. Veng hming phuah fel takah chuan Notice board siamna tur pawisa khawn khawmin ‘Bethlehem, Aijal District’ tih chu tuna Dakin pui bulah an han tar vah a ni awm e.(He Bethlehem tih Hming phuahtu Pu Zikpuia hian UPC Mualah Tun thleng hian a la dampui)

Chanmari: Tûn hma chuan sipaiho chân kahna (silai kahna) hmunpuia an hman a nih avângin, an sawn hnu pawhin, vai hming vuah Chanmari hming hi an la pu ta zêl a ni.

Chaltlang: Tûn hmaa helai hmuna Châl (mau) a tam avângin a hming hi vuah a ni.

Chawnpui: He vêng hi Hmuia Veng tih a ni thîn a. A awm thar hovin mimal hming an duh ta lo va, Chawnpui kung khat chauh awm chu hmingah chawiin Chawnpui an vuah ta mai a ni. Tûnah chuan Chawnpui-ah hian Chawnpui hmuh tur a awm tawh lo.

Chhinga Veng: Bazar pheiah vai tlémtë chauh an awm laiin he lai ngawpui kâr ni thînah hian Chhinga leh mi tlémtë chauh an awm a. An zînga vengva ber hming chawiin Chhinga Veng hming a pu ta a ni. A hming pum chu Chhingrawnga a ni a, Hnamte a ni. Mizo zînga tawng rang bera sawi a ni a. Ui ngul lêr atangin a tla a, thaw vawih, thaw vawih, thaw vawih a ti hman a ni an ti thîn.

Chite Lui: Aizawl khawpui bul chhak lama lui luang a ni. Kulikawn thlang atanga lo luang luite pakhat chuan Mualpui tláng thut takah a fin a. A finna lai tui chu a al a, Bullut (sava chi khat)-in an tlàn thîn a, Bullut sih an vuah nghe nghe a ni. Chu tui al chu a nêp e, tiin a zuk fin lui chuan Chite lui hming a put phah mai a ni.

Durtlang: Tûn hma chuan ngawpuiin a khuh vek a, ruah a sûr duhin khua a dur reng thîn a. Khua a dur reng e tiin Durtlang hming a pu ta a ni. Chu’ng hun lai chuan he tláng hi ramhuai leh phung tamna ram niin an sawi thîn.

Dinthar: A hming hmasa chu Keltawlh Veng a ni. Chu hming chu duh lovin vêng zau zâwk an siam tâk vângin, kan din thar e tiin Dinthar Veng an vuah ta zâwk a ni.

Electric Veng: Tûn hma chuan he laiah hian Tuitu a hrâm thîn avângin Tuitu Veng vuah a ni. Electric khâwlpui bunna hmun a nih tâk avângin a hming chawiin Electric Veng an ti ta a ni.

Kulikawn: Tûn hma chuan sipai te, sap te leh midang te puakphur tur apiang chu he laiah hian an innghâkkhâwm thîn a. Kuli ho innghahkhâwmna kâwn tiin a hmingah Kulikawn an vuah ta a ni.

Khatla: Gurkha tawng a ni a, kâwn emaw, ruam emaw an tihna mai a ni. Sipai kâwnghrèn nawhtlêtna hrui thûr he lai hmuna mi an lâk thin chu ‘khawia mi nge?’ tia an zawhin ‘khat tla’ khu mi kâwna mi khu,’ an ti thîn a, keini’n Khatla kan lo ti ta a ni.

Laipuitlang: Kumpinu sawrkarin Mizoram khawpuia Aizawl a hman tan lai khan mite’n Pathianni an hriat theih nan tiin Col. Lock Manding sapin Pathianni apiangin he tlángah hian laipui a han kâp thîn a. Kristian an lo awm hnu chuan a lo remchâng hle a. Kanghmun khua leh Sateek khua te pawhin an lo hre phâk a. Mizovin laipui an kahna tláng tiin Laipuitlang an lo vuah ta a ni.

Luangmual: Hmán laiin a mual hi luang hmunpui a ni a; a mual pumpuia luang awm chu Luangmual tiin hmingah a put phah a ni.

Maubawk: Aizawl tlâk lamah khuan tûn hma chuan mi tlémtëin bâwk an khawh a; an bâwk chu a chungah mau hnah an chih theuh va, chu vângin chu bâwk chu Maubawk hming an vuah.

Mission Veng: Tûn hma chuan Hriang thing a tam avângin Hriangmual an ti thîn. Zosap hmasa Saphluia kha a lo awm a, Sapthara’n a rawn fin leh a. Missionary awmna hmun a nih tâk avângin Mission Veng vuah a ni ta a. Veng lai, Dawrkai Veng leh Laltawnga Veng tiin hmun thumah an then a. Tûnah chuan a lo zau ta a. Laltawnga Veng tih chu Vengthlang (Mission Vengthlang) tih a lo ni ta zâwk a ni.

Macdonald Hill: Tûn hma chuan Thingpui huan tlang tih a ni thîn. He lai hmunah hian Aizawl leh a chhehvêla thingpui awmte chu an phun khâwm a, sipaiin an awmchilh a, an rin pui ber pakhat a ni. Kum 1930 khan Mizo chowkider pawh he huan enkawltu-ah an dah nghe nghe. Kumpinu sawrkar hnuaia bawrhsap hnuhnung ber Macdonald-a’n High School hmun atan he lai hi a pêk avângin a petu hming chawiin Macdonald Hill an vuah ta a ni. Tin, he lai hmun hi missionary hmasa berte; Pu Buanga leh Sap Upa te lo awmna a ni.

Ramhlun: He vêng hi a hming phuahtuin hlaa ‘Aw ramhlun, ka ram ropui..’ tih atanga a phuah niin a lang.

Republic Veng: Lunglei Jeep road laih zawh hnuah a chunga lamlian kal chu bawrhsap Barkataki hova laih tlang niin a kawng hmingah Republic Avenue vuah a ni a. Republic tih chu a vêngin hmingah a pu ta a ni.

Rangvamual: Aizawl chhehvêla rangva In awm hmasak berna a nih avângin a mual chuan Rangvamual hming a pu ta a ni. Vai chuan Paila Camp an ti thîn. Kum 1890-a Aizawl-ah fort (kulh) an siam hmain he Paila Camp hi awm tawhin an hria.

Saron Veng: He hming hi rambuai hnua an vuah thar a ni. Police Veng (tûn hnua Armed Veng kan tih hi a nih hmêl) leh Mirawng veng an kaikawp a, Saron Veng an vuah ta a ni. Hla thu-a ‘Isua sarawn pâr mawi vul lai a chul lo’ tiha sarawn hi an vuah chhan niin an sawi.

Tanhril: Tûn hmaa Palian lal nunräwng tak Tanhrila khua a nih avângin a hming chawiin ‘Tanhril’ an vuah hlen ta a ni.

Tlangnuam: A hming hmasa chu Lalchhinga (Lal Singh Thapa) Veng a ni. Hetah hian nula pakhat tlangval lêm thiam tak a awm a, a tláng a nuam fawm bawk a; tlangvalin nuam an ti a, a tláng chuan Tlangnuam hming a put phah ta hial a ni an ti.

Thakthing Veng: Aizawl-a vêng upa ber pâwl a ni. Rahsi leh Babuho, DC pisa chhuah lam, Venghlui ti-a an vuah tâk (Rahsi Veng) atanga an insuanin Thakthing tlángah hian an awm a; an awmna vêng chu Rahsi Veng tih a ni ta zâwk a. Thakthing Venga awm hmasa, kamding ni lo chu a hnuaiah an hnawt thla a, Rahsi Venghnuai an vuah a. Mahse, hun a lo rei a, rahsi thuneihna a lo dal ta deuh va, Thakthing Veng tih chu a lo lâr leh ta zâwk a ni.

Tuikual: A vêng thut lui chu Tuikual lui a nih avângin hmingah a pu mai a ni. Indopui pahnihna hma chuan ngawpui a la ni.

Tuithiang :Tun hma chuan Tuithiang veng pawh hi Bethlehem veng hian la huamin ‘ Bethlehem Tuithiang veng’ tih a ni thin nghe nghe a, Bethlehem veng a indan hnu a chhinga veng atanga an indan khan Bethlehem lamah VC te an lo mumal vaklo bawk a, an mahni’n Sarawn veng lamah beh an lo duh bawk nen Bethlehem veng tan a han penhlel deuh tho si a, ngaihsak zui a hlawh vak lo va, tichuan Tuithiang veng chu Sarawn veng atangin an lo indang ta zawk a ni.

Venghlui: He hmun hi Rahsi lo awmna hmasa ber a ni. Mahse, Rahsi ho chu Thakthing lamah an sawn phei tâk avângin Rahsi Venghlui tiin an sawi ta a. Tûnah chuan Rahsi bànin Venghlui kan ti ta a ni.

Venghnuai: Thakthing Veng hnuaiah a awm. Rahsi ho Thakthing Venga an awm laiin, kamding lo an hnawhthlâk ho awmna a nih vângin Rahsi Venghnuai an vuah a. Tûnah chuan Venghnuai ti-a sawi a ni ta a ni.

Zemabawk: A hming hmasa chu Seling a ni. Se pûl phûm a tam avângin Seling hi vuah a ni. Darlawng tláng Seling-ah an pêm zawh hnuin Zema hovin melveng in tlémtë an awm a, bâwk tiin an invuah a. An hotu chu Zema a nih avângin Zema bâwk tiin an sawi kher thîn a, Zemabawk tih hming hi a lo pu hlen ta a ni. Zema hi palian tak, thau tak a ni. Zanlawn-ah a pêmthla a, kum 1940 vêl pawh khan a la dam.

Zarkawt: He lai kâwn hi Vaki liam kâwn a nih avângin Ki len an zâr thîn a, Zarkawn an ti thîn. Tûnah chuan ‘Zarkawt’ tih a lo ni ta a ni.

Hriat dik lohna lai a awm thei bawk e.

———————————

Mickey Hlondo
Kum 1890-a Mizoram Vai len hnuhnung bera awm hlen taten Assam Rifles hmuna Aizawl Fort 1890 February-a an din a\ang khân Aizawl Dawrpui a lo indin chho a, Dawrpui Area chhûnga Civil mite awmna hmasa ber chu tuna Saron Veng hi a ni. A tir lamah Mirâwng,
Hmunphiat leh Bawlhhlawh paihtute, Police Lane, Midum Lane (Buk) te, Khualbuk-te a awm a, Mizorama Village Council neih hma zawng kha chuan Dawrpui Veng
kawtthler pakhat anga ngaih a ni.

Chhinga Veng leh Saron Veng kaikawpin V/C “Saron Chhinga Veng Village Council” 1957 atangin neih tan a ni a. Kum 1982 atangin
Saron Veng chu V/C hran neiin a lo awm ve ta a ni.

Rambuai hnua Saron Veng nita chauh chu a ni lo deuh… Police Veng tia an lo kohna chhan pawh Police Lane (Qtrs.) eng emaw zat a intlar put thin a, chumi hming chawi chuan an lo ko ve bawk thin. Tun thlengin Police Qtrs lian pui pui In 5 a la awm.
Saron Branch YMA pawh 1962-ah (Rambuai 1966) a ding tawh a. Chuvang chuan Rambuai hnua Veng hming phuah ta chauh chu a ni lo.

Ht Hualngo
Saron veng hmingpu tu kha Nikum Fur mai khan a min hnan ta ani. Saron kha a lian thabawka a hnuai lama tangin a mina tunah kha.Saron thing kha a awm tawh lo kum khat emaw chauh a ni.Pu Ch.Chhunga kawt chhak lok kha a ni a YMA tualchhung a tangin kan hnatlang a ni mi 40 lai kha Saron veng hming putu Saron kung kha kan thian nghek maw le Pic Up Motor tip 3 lai zuk ni a.

——————–
Mamatea Ralte Kawlni
Chawnpui veng khi ka ko sawi ve lawk. Chawnpui veng anih hma khian meihawl rawh veng tih leh, hmuia veng tih ani zawk e. Tin chawnpui kung hi kan la nei ve bawk e. Chawnpui veng a awm hmasa chhungkaw 5 zing ah ka pi leh pu te kha an lotel ve bok hial ani.

———————-

Dylan B Khiangte
Rangvamual khiiii……”Khamliana Lungleng Lal chanchin nita in k hria” chuta a in ziahdan chuan. Khamliana in chak tur (Tuna la ding saw, Rangva in hmasaber a ni bok) vairam atanga sairanga lawnga an rin phurh chu A khuaten sairang to lungleng hi an phur a. Khulai RV ah khuan an Rangva thiar chu an chhekkhol a, chumi atanga Rangvamual ti ta chu an ti.

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Khawpui bo hmingthang: TROY KHAWPUI KHAW NGE A AWM : TROJAN WAR A TAK TAK A NI EM?

“Helen of Troy” film en tawh tan Troy khawpui Lalnu “Helen-i” hmelthat dan tur a ngaihruat theih. Troy khawpui chuan Western culture leh history te chu kum zabi tam alo luah tawhin, William Shakespeare a ziak “Troilus and Cressida” atanga Wolfgang Peterson’an 2014 a “Iliad” tih a siam Brad Pitt te kan hmuhna thlengin “thawnthu” ngaihnawm a nei a nih hi. Greek hote khawpui hmingthang Troy khawpui chuan ram hmangaihna (heroism) leh politic thila nihna (political identity) bakah, mihring rilru put hmangte a tarlang a ni.

Khawvel mihring hmasa leh fing hmasa, Bible meuh pawhin “Judate chuan chhinchhiahna an phut thin a, Grik te chuan finna an zawng bawk thin” (1 Kor 1:22) a lo tih hial Grik hote chuan thuvauk (myth) thawnthu an nei ngaihnawmin, chung te chu hman lai Mizote suangtuahna khawvela “Ngaiteii thawnthu” te leh “Rih Dil” leh “Pialral-Mitthi khua” ang tluk zetin thawnthu a nei ngaihnawm thin.

Troy khawpui chu khaw upa lutuk ni mahse, khawi hmunah nge a awm tih fiahna erawh thil hlui laichhuaktu (archaeologist) te zarah kan lo rin hriat riak ruak thei ta. Troy khawpui an sawi hi khawpui pakhat chauh ni lovin, khawpui hlun tum 10 dawn, hmakhawsang atanga din thar leh thin niin an hria. Grik epigramist Euenus ngei chuan, “Troy khawpui bo dan chu inhnial theih tak a ni ngei ang. Mahse, Homer- “Troy” khawpui chu ala awm reng a, bronze gate ten an venghim tlat a ni. Greek hote fei ki bar te chuan mi chhun in, min lai chhuak a ni lo. Greek mite hmuiah ngei chuan a ni a awm ni” a ti.

Homer a hnathawh ropui tak chu he Troy khawpui chanchin alo ziak hi a ni. Chu khawpui ropui leh hlui chu khawi lai berah nge a awm tih erawh kum zabi tam her liam tawh vangin, a hmun dik tak chu an hre thei der tawh si lo ! Mithenkhat chuan Troy khawpui chu HISARLIK, Turkey rama mi khu niin an ring ta ber.

He thawnthu (mythology) ngaihnawm leh lungchhiat thlak tak mai, Greek thawnthu (epic) chu Poet hmingthang Homer khan kum zabi 8na BC laiin a lo ziak chhuak a, “Iliad” tih chu Troy khawpui hual behna vanga Greeks sorkar buai dan ziakna niin, “Odyssey” tihah alo lang bawk.

He Troy khawpui la tura beihna hi Greek history ah ral dona ropui ber a ni. Peloponnesian War-ah, he Trojan War-indona aia nasa reng reng hi a hma lam leh hnuah a awm ngai lo niin, kum zabi 5na BC laia Historian Thucydides chuan a sawi. Indona hmingthang tak a ni.

~ Troy khawpui chu khawnge a awm tak?

Inhnialna awm thei chu kum sul tam liamtaah a nih vang a ni. Kum 1200 BC ah Greeks leh Rom-hote chuan Troy khawpui chu luah lehin “Ilios/Ilium” tiin, a hming an phuah niin an sawi a, mahse, kum 500 BC liam tawha thil thlengte chu zu hriat fiah kil kelh rual a ni si lo.

Tunlai khawvelah mi tam tak chuan Troy khawpui chu Turkey rama Hisarlik khu niin an ring ber a. Trojan history kum 4,000 liam tawh chu a dik ber hriat a harsa ta hle a ni. Thenkhat chuan kum 3,000 BC -500 BC inkara thil thleng dik tak chu zu hriatfiah a harsa hle niin an sawi. Iliad bua sawi angin Bronze Age-thir hriam hrei hman tawh hnu, 6th-7th BC Brone Age hun lai Troy VI emaw Troy VIII chu thu hmun anih ring an awm a, chu chu Iliad-ah King Priam khawpui tih a ni.

Greek hoten Troy khawpui an beih nana an hmanraw pawimawh “Sakawr” kha an pathian “Poseidon” lem niin an ring bawk.

~ POSEIDON chu tunge ni?

Greek thawnthuah chuan Poseidon chu Zeus a unaupa niin, khawvel leh tuifinriat te hi thununtuah an ngai. Tuipui leh thlipui te thununa, chung hmanga tharum thawhna thlentirtuah an ruat. Poseidon chuan tuifinriat thuk lai takah a nupui tan chenna hmun a siam sak a, a nupui Thetis chuan fapa hrin sakin, pa ni mai turah a inngai a, mahse, a beisei ang thleng lovin, tuipuimi midang Amphitrite chu nei leh, ani chuan Poseidon chu a ngaina lovin, hla takah a tlanbosan ta daih a. Poseidon chuan thuchah kengtu palai tirin, chung zinga pakhat chu Dolphin-(Thaichhawni nu?) a ni. Chutia tuipui lalpa pasal a neih chuan Poseidon vangin a lo hlim lovin, midang nena inngaihzawnna-extramaital affairs an lo neih phah ta a; Amphitrite chuan a pasalin a ruka hmei a lo kawl chu, thil mak rapthlak (barking monster) ah a chan tir ta.

Poseidon chu tuifinriat chunga lal a nihnaah a lungawi zo lova. Athens hmuna thuneih duhin Athena nen an intibuai ta. Pathian pahnih te chuan inelna neiin, Athenians hote chu tunge thil thlawn pek tha ber (best gift) changtu tur zawk an zawng ta a; Poseidon chuan a ralthuam chu Acropolis ah thlawh tirin, tui hna emaw, sakawr a lo piang ta niin an ngai. Athena pathian chuan Athenians te chu olive thing a pe a. Chutah Poseidon chuan Athena chu inbeih (combat) puiah a cho ta. Mahse, Zeus pathian chuan an buaina chu pathiante kutah ching fel turin a phut a, pathian mipa (male gods) te chuan Poseidon chu an tan ta vek a, pathiannu (goddess) te erawh chuan Athena chu an tan vek thung a. Zeus chuan a vote chu tikhaw tlaiin, pathiannute chuan Athena vote vekin, Athena chu hnehtu a ni ta. Poseidon a lungawilo chuan phuba lak leh thungrulh nan Athens velah tuilian a siam ta a ni. Thuneihna chan tuma a beihna chu a hlawhchham vangin, Naxos chu Dionysus atang lak tumin leh Aegina chu Zeus kut atanga lak tumin a bei a, Corinth pawh Helios kut atangin leh Argolis pawh Hera atangin. Thuneih chakna leh awhna avangin Greek pathian dang Olympians ang lo takin a lar loh phah, an ti.

~ Tunge Troy khawpui lai chhuaktu chu?

Kum zabi AD 19na tirh lam, April 1870 ah German sumdawngmi, a hnua thil hlui laichhuaktu (archaeologist) ni zuita Schliemann chuan Hisarlik hmun hi a lo lai chiam tawh a ni. A sawi danin Homer-a ziak Troy khawpui kawng chhe tawh a lai chhuak niin a sawi a, a thil laihchhuah zingah chuan King Priam a thilte pawh telin, thenkhat chu a nupui inchei nan a pe a sawi a ni.

Shliemann chuan Bronze Age hun laia Troy khawpui (1700-1200 BC) chu thenkhat hmuchhuakin, Troy II na ni thei awmin a sawi. Hei hi tuna mi Iliad a “Troy” khawpui aia kum 1,000 zeta upa zawk niin an ring zawk.

Eric Cline, historian leh archaelogist chuan, “Trojan War” a chhuinaah Schliemann chu mi vannei ber zing a mi a ni. Mahse, a thil laihchhuah dan Map en hian, “Troy chu a hmu chhuak a, mahse, Troy chu a tichhe bawk a ni” a ti.

~ Troy- Bronze Age City :

Kum 3,000 BC ah chuan Troy khawpui chu trade, agriculture leh sanghaman lamah a hmingthang hle. 1180 BC velah khan hetiang khawpui niawm tak tak sakna hmun 9 laiah hmuh chhuah a lo ni tawh a ni. Trojan War ah khan Troy khawpui chu Iliad lehkhabu sawi angin, Greeks hote kutah a tlu a. Archaeologist Manfred Korfmann ten AD 1990’s chhova an chhuichianaah he lai hmun ang renga Troy anihna tur ang hi Europe chhimchhakah a awm lo a ni, a ti.

“Trojan horse” tih chu Greek pathian “Poseidon” (lei tinghingtu) an tih chu niin, natural disaster- leilung dana chhiat rupna hmangin, Troy khawpui hi tihchhiat ni tain a rinawm.

Cline chuan, “Troy tlukchhiatna hi Bronze Age pumpui tlukchhiatna entirna ang a ni” a ti. Homer hian Troy chu tlang nuam thengthaw tak, zothlifim leh chhemdam thli te thawt heuh heuhna a ni, a ti. He Hisarlik khaw awm dan vel pawh hi Troy nen thuhmuna ngaih a ni. Brone Age hun laia mihring 4,000-10,000 chenna khawpui niin alang.

~ Hnamtin chi tin chenna khawpui Troy !

Troy khawpui chu khawpui lian (major city) a ni, tih rinhlelh rual a ni lo. Jonitt Kelder, Oxford University chuan, “Troy chu tunlai London khawpui anga ramdangmi chen tamna a niin, sumdawnna leh pemho pawh an tam hle ang. Kum zabi 14-13 BC ah Troy khawpuiah chuan foreigner an tam hlein ka ring” a ti.

Troy khawpui chu culture ah chauh a ni lo, thavauk (mythology) lamah pawh a hmingthang hle niin alang. Persian (Iran) lal Xerxes chuan Greece ram a fan (expedition) pawhin, Athena pathian hnenah Troy khawpui a tlawh tumin thilpek (offering) a lo hlan tawh a ni. A hnu kum 150 hnuah Alexander the Great chuan Persia Lalram chu hnehin, Troy khawpuiah a chawl a, Athena temple-a Archilles a in atangin phaw a la a, Illiad pawhin chumi chu a copy niin an sawi.

Rom-hote pawhin “Trojan” chungchang an nei. Rom hla phuahtu hmingthang (poet) Virgil chuan, “Aeneid” ah “Trojan Aeneas”- indona atanga tlan chhuakin, Italy ah kalin, Rome khawpui ropui tak dintu (founding father’s) zinga pakhatah a lo tang ta a ni. “Rome khawpui chu ni khata sak zawh a ni lo” tih thufing ropui tak alo chhuah phah. Aeneid hi Emperor Augustus a thupuanzarna ( propoganda) niin, amah ngei chuan “Trojan hero” nena inzawm angin a sawi.

Thenkhat chuan Alexander the Great khan May, 334 BC ah Asia Minor a run a, Persian Empire a beih khan “Troy” hmun tak hi a hria a, a tlawh bawk. A hnenah Rom hoten an pathian chibai buk na hmun Troy khawpui hmun thianghlim (alter) a hlan a ni, an ti. Chumi hnuah Byzantine Empire chu Islamic (Ottoman)hote runna vanga tluchhiain, a bo zo ta a ni. Archaeologist Shliemann khan rangkachak a laih chhuahte chu a nupui tan tiin, Germany ah a hawn a; a hnuah Indopui 2naah Russia sipaiin chungte chu la ve lehin Russia ramah an kawl niin an sawi.

Tun hnaia Mizorama khaw hmun hlui upat hmel tak laihchhuah, uluk taka endik mek “Vangchhia” pawhin Mizo history bung thar leh tun hmaa Mizote khawsak dan leh sulhnu hluite min la hrilhfiah ve theih ngei i beisei ang u.

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CADC laka lungawilo Chakma pawl hrang hrangin kawngzawh dawn

AUTHOR : Dingdi
  • CADC lakah chakma pawl te an lungawi lo.
  • Chakma pawl ten kawng zawh dawn.
  • CADC in dan lovin hnaruak hnawhkhat .

Chakma Autonomous District Council huamchhunga pawl hrang hrang hruaitute tunhnaia Chawngte-a thukhawm chuan, CADC sorkar chu kawng hrang hranga a thuneihna hmang sualah an puh. CADC sorkar laka lungawi lohna lantir na’n naktuk Thawhlehni khian Chawngte-ah kawng zawh an tum.

Chakma hnam bil huap pawl hrang hrang – Central Mizoram Chakma Students’ Union, Central Young Chakma Association leh YCA branch hrang hrang bakah zirna in hrang hrang aiawh zirlai pawl hruaitute chu Chawngte-ah an thukhawm a, Central Young Chakma Association president Jyotir Moy Chakma-in a kaihruai. Pawl hrang hrang hruaitute chuan, CADC huam chhungah eirukna a hluar hle niin an sawi a, sorkar hotute chu an laina hnai leh chhung leh khat te duhsak bikah puhin, dan loa hna ruak thahnem tak hnawhkhatah an puh.

Chakma pawl hrang hrang aiawh thukhawmte chuan, hna chi hrang hrang thawk tura dan loa lak mi 100 chuangte ban an nih theih na’n, kum 2015 atang khan anmahni ruaitu CADC sorkar an nawr tawh niin an sawi a; pawl hrang hrang inzawmkhawm hmalakna kal zel nghawngah nikum August ni 4 khan zirlai pakhatin nunna a chan phah niin an sawi.

CADC huam chhunga NGO hrang hrang hruaitute chuan, kuminah CADC sorkar thuneituten an duhsak zawng mi 40-te chu hna hrang hrangah dan loin an thun niin an sawi a; “Dan loa lakte ban an nih theih na’n kumin July 15 khan CADC leh NGO-ten inremna kan siam a; nimahsela thla khat chuang a ral hnu-ah pawh he inremna hi CADC sorkar-in a tihlawhtling thei lo a ni,” an ti.

Hei bakah hian Chakma Autonomous District Council huamchhunga hmasawnna hna thawhna tur sum thahnem tak chheprel thinah, pawl hrang hrang hruaitute chuan sorkar thuneitute an puh a; kum 2009-a order tihchhuah Ministry of DONER sum cheng nuai 1152 senna tur Lawngpuighat atanga Kukurduleye panna tur kawng tun thleng laih a la nih loh thu te,Kamalanagar khawchhung tihhmasawnna tur cheng nuai 1988 tihchingpen a nih thu te an sawi.

DCA-in SPA hnuaia inkalpawhna thawmthatna tur sum a ruahman cheng nuai 287 te, Kamalanagar helipad kaltlanga Bajeisora leh Borapansury inkalpawhna kawng siamna tur chengnuai 199 te chu tun thlengin a hmanna hmuh tur a la awm lo niin Chakma pawl hrang hrang hruaitute chuan an sawi a ni.

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MIZORAM CHIEF MINISTER HNENA GUWAHATI CHIEF JUSTICE LEHKHATHAWN

23rd September, 2016
Dear Chief Minister

He lehkhathawn hian hriselna leh chakna a thlen ngei che ka beisei.

Lunglei-a District and Sessions Judge Court-ah thil vanduaithlakchungchuang a thlen avangin he lehkhathawn hi ziak lo thei lo ka ni ta a ni. Nimin khan misual thenkhatte chu court building-ah dan bawhchhiain an lut a, court te, office te, officer-te chenna inte suasamin an tichhia a. Thu kan dawn danin, heng danbawhchhetute hian anmahniin dan rorelna an chelek a. Courtleh office-a lo awm Judicial officer-te leh staff-te thlengin an vau hial a. He thil thleng hi a pawiin a ngaimawhawm tawpkhawk a ni.

He thil thleng duhawm lo leh beisei lawk loh tak hian min barakhaih tak meuh a. Thil pawmawm loh hulhual a ni. He thil thleng hi sawrkar (administration) tan a hmingchhiatthlak a, dan leh hrai kenkawhna (law enforcement) a hlawhchham nasa hle a ni. Chuvangin dan hmanga inthununna chak tak lekkawh nghal a nih loh chuan a hnu zelah hetiang dan bawhchhiatna duhawm lo tak hi a cho chhuak ngei ang. He thil thleng hi Mizorama state-a Judiciary chanchin ziahnaah thil thleng duhawm lo, ‘hun thim’ ah ziah luh a ni dawn a ni.

Chutichuan Constitution-a pillar (executive, legislative leh judiciary) zawng zawngteah mipuite rinna leh zahna a tlakhniamloha, ngai a awh leh theih nan, heng danbawhchhetute lakah hian i hnen atangin dan anga inthununna chak tak (stern action)a thlen nghala, an thil tihsualna tichiangtu (evidence) te lakkhawm nghal a nih ka beisei a ni. Hei bakah hian court te, office te, chenna inte chei that (repaired) nghal a nih ka beisei bawk a. Dan rorelna chhunzawm a nih theih na’n leh tha taka an kal chhunzawm theih na’n a tul ang zawng zawngah venhimna pek a nih ka beisei bawk a. Juidicial Officer-te leh staff-te bakah, court-in bungrua a neihte himna atan venhimna pek a nih nghal ka beisei bawk a ni.

ᑕᕼᑌᗪᕼᗩᖇᗩᗪᒪ I rintlak

ᑕᕼᑌᗪᕼᗩᖇᗩᗪᒪ Ajit Singh

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GOVERNOR CHENNA TUR CHENG NUAI 708 SENGA SAK THIAH LEH CHHAN SAWIFIAH TURIN PRISM IN SORKAR AN PHUT

New Secretariat Complex Aizawl-a Governor chenna tur leh office tur atana cheng nuai 708 lai seng a in sak sorkarin a thiat leh mai chu a chhan sawifiah turin Prism chuan sorkar an phut tih thuchhuah siamin an tarlang.New Secretariat Complex, Aizawl-a Raj Bhavan thar tur sak hna hi kum 2002, November thla-a bul tan niin, Conference Hall, Durbar Hall, Security Personal Room, Banquet Hall te nen vek sak nan a tira sum ruahman zât chu Rs 147.76 lakhs a ni.

Hun rei tak sak puitlin loha a awm hnuin, sum leh pai dinhmuna kan ram a harsat em em lain heti zât sum senna hi tun hnaiah sorkar chuan luah pawh luah miah lovin a vaw thiat leh ta ringawt mai a. Sorkarin a vuak thiah leh hun, kumin 2016 thleng a sum hman an hriat theih zât chu a vaiin Rs 708,85,070.00 a tling tih PIRSM thuchuah chuan a tarlang.

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NAUPANG HUAISEN LALBIAKFELA’N A NAU NUNNA CHHAN A TUMNA LAMAH A NUNNA A CHAN VE

Nimin Inrinni chawhma dar 10:00 vel khan Champhai Tlangsam naupang (unau) pahnih Champhai zawl leilet kam tuikhuahah an tla hlum.Pu VL Ruatkima Fanai fate 2, Lalbiakfela kum 7 mi hian a nau Lalngaihkima kum 5 tuitla lai (nunna) chhan a tumna lamah amah pawhin nun a chan phah ta a ni.

Lalbiakfela kum 7 leh Lalngaihkima kum 5, Pu VL Ruatkima Fanai fate tlak hlumna dil hi MGNREGS atanga Tlangsam VECten Community Farm Pond an siam niin, Lalbiakfela leh Lalngaihkima te unau hi an Patea fapa Lalmuanchhana te nen an ni pasal Pu C Lalramlawma chu luh meh tir turin an kal a, Tukthuan pawh an ei nghal a.Tukthuan an eikhamah hian Pu C Lalramlawma te kawmthlanga Tlangsam VEC ten MGNREGS atanga Community Farm pond an siam ah hian tui cheng turin an kal a.

Boral ta unau naupang zawk Lalngaihkima (kum 5) zawk hi tuiah hian a lut hmasa zawk a, a rawn lan har em avangin a u Lalbiakfela kum 7 mi hian a nau chhan tumin Tui ah hian a lut ve leh nghal a, an kalpui Lalmuanchhana chuan an pil rei tak em avangin (an Ni) Pi Baby Vanlalhlupuii a han ko a, Pi Vanlalhlupuii hian tanpuitu au in an thawm hria Pu T. Remsangpuia leh a fapa Vanlalnunzira te chuan chhiat tawhna hmun hi an thleng nghal a. Lalngaihkima ruang zawk hi an la chhuak nghal a. Lalbiakfela awm loh thu an hriat chhuah hnuah zawng lehin Lalbiakfela ruang pawh hi hmuh zui ve leh nghal a ni a. An tlak hlumna hi feet 5 a chanve vela thuk a ni. Dila an chen hma hian naupang dangte pawh an cheng ve a, an haw rem lai takin anni pathum hi an cheng ve leh a, he vanduaina hi an tawk ta a ni.

Lalngaihkima ruang la chhuaktu Pu T Remsangpuia sawi daninan ruang te hi dil mawngah a lo awm tawh a, an ruang hi in hnaihteah hmuh anih thu a sawi. Chetsual laia awm ve Lalmuanchhana sawi danin Lalbiakfela hi zuang lut nghal mai loin a thuk lo lai atangin a nau chhan tur hian a lut tan niin a sawi a, a lan dan chuan Lalbiakfela hian a nau chhanna atan hian tuihleuh pawh thiam miah loin dil thuk lam hi a pana a nunna hi a chan ve ta niin a lang.

Tuitla hlum unau 2 te nunna chhan tum hian theih tawp chhuah a ni chungin, chhanchhuah theih an ni ta lo a ni. An ruang hi zanin lumenpui niin, Tlangsam thlanmualah vui an ni ang.

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LUNGLEI COURT TUALAH ZOHNUAI MIPUI PUNGKHAWM, MAGISTRATE CHENNA IN SUASAM

Sep 22, 2016, chawhma lam khan August 27 zana Zohnuai tlangval, C. Lalsawmliana vithlumtu a puh, Stephen Lalchawiliana hmuh ngei tumin Zohnuai YMA leh khawtlang mite court hmaah an pungkhawm a, pungkhawm lungawilo te hian Lunglei CJM Pu R. Malsawmdawngzuala in an suasam.August 27 zana Tv C. Lalsawmliana Zohnuai vithlumtu a puh, Stephen Lalchawiliana hi tun thla ni 9 khan a court dawn tih hria-in Zohnuai khawtlangte hi court tualah amah hmuh tumin an lo pungkhawm tawh a, mahse a hma niin magistrate te’n jailah camp court an lo neihpui tawh avangin Zohnuai mipuite hian an hmu thei ta lo va, Court lama thawktute’n vawiina a court tur thu leh chutah chuan hmuh theih a nih tur thu hrilhin vawiin Sept 22 khan amah hmuh an duh avanga pungkhawm leh an nih thu an sawi a. Mahse a hma ang bawkin nimin lamah camp court jail hmunah an lo neihpui leh si chu inbumna leh inpalzutna a ni tiin Zohnuai khawtlang hmusittu leh dawt hrilh fotu magistrate chu hmuh an tum thu Zohnuai khatlang hruaitute chuan an sawi.

Hetih lai hian court tuala pungkhawmte hian court-ah luh an tum a, police te nen an innawrin Zohnuai mi 2 in hliam an tuar a, hemi hnu hian mi thenkhat chu magistrate quarterah kalin a chenna hi an suasam a, CJM Pu Malsawmdawngzuala nupui fanaute hi an insaseng hman a ni.Mipui thinrimte chuan magistrate in leh a driver in chu a kawngkhar tichhiain nasa takin inchhung bungrua an tichhe bawk.

CJM hi Zohnuai mipuite chuan court tualah alo chhuah nghakintlai dar 4:30 thleng khan an nghak a, hemi hnu hian court tual leh a chhevelah punkhawm phallohna dan (unlawful assembly) puan a ni a, pungkhawm mi eng emaw zat police te’n manin an tin zui ta a, CJM pawh Police te venna hnuaiah an in lam panpui a ni.

Thla hmas khan Stephen Lalchawiliana (26) s/o H Remlalliana, Lawngtlai chuan C. Lalsawmliana (33) s/o C. Lalrinawma, Lunglei Zohnuai a vit hlum a; Stephen Lalchawiliana hi police-te’n man nghalin, Lunglei District Jail-ah an dah nghal a ni.

August 27, 2016, Inrinni zan dar 10 pelh hret khan Lunglei Zohnuaiah Stephen Lalchawiliana leh tlangval dang pakhat, Muana tia kohte hi an intibuai a; intibuaite hi C. Lalsawmliana hian a thelh a. Muana chu a kal sawn mai a, Stephen-a pawhin haw tur angin a insawi a, a kal pahin C. Lalsawmliana hi a dulah a vit ta mai nia sawi a ni.C. Lalsawmliana hi Christian Hospital panpui nghal a ni a, mahse, chhan hman a ni ta lo a ni.

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Chhuarlung Nu pahnih thattu man.

Dt. 7/ Sept/ 2016 Siaha District, Chhaôlo (Chhuarlung) khua a mi pahnih (Ka nu liani leh kan Farnu) rawng taka that tu chu man ani ta.

Thu dawnna in a tarlan dan chuan Lalpianga hian Sept 22 zan tlaiah ama thah ngei ani tih a in puanga, tukin Sept 23 khan Police lam chuan Lunglei lamah an thawn tawh thu in an sawi.

Mipui lungawi lo te Siaha Police Complex ah an pungkhawm nasa hle.

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VANZÊMA LI HÛAI by Alfred Renthlei Pieces

Kum 1999 kum september thla kan chuan kai chuan ka thianpa uvaltea nen zanriak a mat lui a nghakuai kam a sangha man tur in kan thawk chhuak a.

Buhfai zan thum tla tur kan keng a kan hlim hle mai. Mi motor remchang ah kan chuang thla ve a vanzema lipeng kan thlen chuan muang chang in titi pah in kan kal bek bek a,kan phur in hlawhtlin pawh kan in ring viau mai. A hlat vakloh avang in vanzema li chu kan thleng thla thuai a riahbuk han sual chawp vak kan peihloh avang in zobawk khua pu rama te fu huan lam kan pan phei a a mah pawh alo riak ve nghe nghe a, uvaltea nen an in hmel hriat tawh sa avang chuan pu rama thlam ah chuan riah ve mai kan dil ani. Pu rama chuan phal takin minlo dawngsawng a mahni chuan a khawhar thlak a lawm tiin ui loin a thlam a kan riah ve a phal chu a tih zia in kan zangkhai phah viau bawk.

Mutbu te kan phawrh fel chuan pu rama chuan huan sam tur in min chhuah san a,kan in singsak fel deuh hnu chuan tabawng leh len nen nghakuai a tawktarh tur sangha man tur in mat lui fin tu sawn ngai lui chu kan zawh chho a lengphar leh nghadawl leh sangha chi hrang hrang kan man nual mai kan hlim hle a khua ala tlai lo bawk a tabawng khat dawn kan man chuan zan lam a den chhunzawm tur in kan haw thlak san ta a.

Thlam kan thlen thla a len te kan ban fel hnu chuan uvaltea chuan vanzema li kama pum hlui chhe ve deuh tawh chu thawm tha in mau te a sah belh a kei chuan kan nghakuai kam na tur hrui vel te lo buatsaih in ka che nasa ve hle a ni a tlak fel chuan hruizen pawh zam kual theih in ka peih fel a hruizen ah chuan tawng hnih dan zel ah nghakuai chu kan thlung vek a,lui dung zui zawng chuan pum a in kar in thui fe in hruizen chu kan zam thla a kan tih zawh hnu chuan lengphar leh nghadawl te chu nghakuai tin ah kan tarh leh ta vek ani. Kan tih zawh chuan khua a thim zui a ni deuh mai a,pum te kan thlun zawh chuan thlam lam pan in kan chho a thlam thlen hma deuh chuan luiruam khawk rum rum khawp chuan hmeichhe nui ri fiah zet mai in a rawn nui awr awr a uvaltea nen chuan kan phuzawk nghe nghe,vanzema li ah hian mi an tla hlum ngun hle mai a hetia ena li dam dup ang a lang si hi a li mawng lam erawh chu tui a chak in a hlauhawm em em ani. Hemi anih vang tak pawh hian ani ngei ang mi an tlak hlum fo thin.

Thlam kan thlen chuan purama chu alo awm lova mak kan ti ang reng hle mai. Uvaltea chuan a thim tawh sia enga tinge pu rama hi ala rawn haw lova a tih chu kei chuan a riah chilh ve sia hna a am deuh te pawh a niang a rawn lang ve tep ang tiin kalo chhanga. Eirawng bawl ka siam zung zung a thuk hnih a nih avang in a bawl zung zung theih ani. Uvaltea chuan len tet te chu bati eng ah alo thui tha ve mawlh mawlh bawka. Kan ti ti bawrh bawrh a,kan awh that a rin thu te uvalte an a sawi lai chuan thlam leika bul a kang damdawi kung bul vel atang chuan mihring in be ri ni awm tak mahse engmah an sawi hriattheih si loh hian a ri bul bul zel a,uvaltea chu a nui suk a.

Uvaltea hi sa pawh kap ve nual tawh ani a ramvah luikal tihvel hi a peih in anuam tih ber pawh ani reng a. Hlawh chham hian a rawn haw ngai meuhlo mahse ka pa hian kawm aphal vak thinlo a a chhan chu luikal leh ramvah ringawt hi tih tur ah ka ngaih phah a mahni hna tul pawh ka thawk tha peih ngailo a heivang hian kapa hian kawm aphal vak thinlo ani. Mahse nuam tih zawng in ang na na na chu kan in kawm reng tho a,hlim pawh kan hlim thin reng a. Uvaltea hi tawngduh leh kawm nuam tak mai mi tlawm ngai tak pi leh pu te nun dan in a alunglen chu puithuna ngai thutak fahran mai hi ani a. Nupui neiin fate nei tawh mahse in lam ah hi chuan thatchhe vetak ani.

Chu thawm chu ngaihthlak a nuam chiah lo hle mai. Kei hi ka dawih ve em avang leh hlauthawng hma chi ka nih ve hrim hrim avang hian uvalte chu chu enge ka tih chuan enge maw mai mai anih chu a ti liam mai a a mah lah chu a khi tak ang vur vur a. Ka ngei lek lek,
Uvalte putama hi a van rei tawh chaw te pawh a hmin vek tawh ania ka tih chuan a tho thut a ka theinghilh a lom le ti a a sahmim ban pah chuan ti teh an huan ah iva en teh ang atih chuan hmeh en (torch light) keng chuan kan chhuak zui nghal a. Pu rama te thlam hi an huan chhung a awm ani lova an huan a tang hian hla chu anilo pen zahnih vela hla ani a tui lak a remchang avanga huan chhung nilova sa anih ka ring.

An huan chhung ah chuan hnathawh hah deuh a han thut chawlh na tur bêk te an zar ve a,kan han thlen chuan tumah an awm silo kan han au deuh tuar tuar a chhang tu awmlo a lui luang ri tih loh chu hriat dang kan neilo huan chhung ah chuan kan han vak kual thuak thuak a kan hmuh tak siloh ah chuan kan kir san ta a haw pah chuan ava tiho reuh e aw a haw te hi aniang kan ti thla ta vel mai mai a.

Thlam kan thlen thlak chuan alo la reh thiap a angaihna kan hriat loh em avang in zanriah ei phawt ila khaw lam ah a haw aniang tiin kan in hnem ve ta tawp a a haw nih kan rin deuh bur avang in thla pawh amuang huai a. Chaw kan ei kham chuan len deng lo a nghakuai kam en phawt kan rilruk a sana ka en a alo la hmat em avang in len deng phawt ang tiin lui mawnglam zawh in lui kam vel ah chuan lwn kan deng a kan man mumal lo hle mai rei ngial kan den hnu pawh a kan man tlem engvang chuan a tlai deuh tawh nen kan nghakuai kam chu en mai ang tiin kan let chho leh a. Pum a in kar in chho zawng in kan en chho zel a a tarh chiah an lo ei te chu kan tarh tha zel a pakhat mah kan la awh loh avang in ka hnual deuh rawih nghe nghe a tawp na ber ah chuan ngharul patling chawnpuar aia lian deuh tur hi pakhat kan awk ve hlauh mai a. Rilru a hlim deuh veng veng mai.

Ip a kan khung fel hnu chuan kei pum mei lam ah ka thu a uvaltea chu pum hmalam ah chuan a ding a tuipui suhlah kung a in pawt tang pah zel in kan chhuk thla ta zel a,ka hnung lam atang chuan min kotu awm tlat a ka hriat vang in ngaih thalo zet chuan ka hawi kir a engmah ka hmuh loh avang in ka hawi let thuai a,kan thleng thla tep tih chuan min rawn ko leh thin a ka han hawi let leh chiah chu eng thil nge ka hmuh tak hi le kum 1 kal ta a saiha a tanga kan veng a rawn zin vanzema li a tla hlum ta manga ngei mai kha ka hmu anih chu a hmel te chu a ruang kan hmuh ang hmel chiah kha pu in kan pum mei hmawr chu vuan in minlo ban anih chu lei uai hnuang chung chuan zawi sap hian min pui teh a rawn ti anih chu.

Ka hlau lutuk chu ka te thawt a a ral zui ve mai a. Vau kam kan thlen chuan uvaltea chuan tinge i rak vaka min tia, dawih min tih ka hlauh avang in ka tla tep a tih bak in ka chhang tawhlo. Pum kan thlung fela thlam kan pan chu thlam luhka bula kang damdawi kung a tang chuan thawm a rawn chhuak leh ta bul bul mai a. Hmeh en a kan chhun chu tuitu sava hi alo ni a. Mai mai a ka man dawn ka tia man ka tum chu a hma a nung meng kuau si kha a rawn tla thla a ka zuk chhar chuan a khawng reng anih chu mawle. Hauhna in min man a hreawm ka ti takzet tawh ani. Uvaltea pawh chuan ava mak em em ati ve vawng vawng mai. Thlam ah lut in sangha chu kan chan a kan rep sawk sawk a ka awm anawm loh em avang in ka tluzal nghal a,chutih lai chuan mat lui luang ri hum hum chu thawk leh khat ah a reh duk mai.

Tawng tum a ka an zuau lai chuan uvaltea chuan tawnglo tur in zaizir in min rawn hrilh a kan han ngaithla vang vang a chiang lutuk lo hian thawm a rawn awm a,chu thawm chu amak in a rapthlak takzet ani patling natuar rak ri kar ah chuan hmeichhe mangang thlabar rak ri nen naupang tap ri chiah chiah nen kan awmna ruam vel boruak chu a rit takzet ani. Uvaltea bulah hlau anga lan ka duh loh vang chauh a in sum hram hram ka ni. chu thawm rapthlak chu darkar chanve hial a rei a ni a. Ka tah a chhuak in kan in ka ngai takzet ani. Chutia thawm a reh tak ah chuan mat lui chu rawn lian ni awm tak hian lui luang ri chu rawn awm in a ring tial tial bawk a,ka hlau tawh lutuk ka vai ruai in ka hria ka hmulthi a ding sung sung a ka mumal vaklo. Mahse ala in tan dawn chauh ani si a. Kan riah na thlam chu thli thaw in a rawn chhem sang sang a thli lah chu a na tial tial leh nghal chutih rual chuan uvaltea chu a let tawp a ameng rang nasa mai amah leh amah a in rek a a au ruai bawka,mahni mah hlauh tawh sa na kalai in ka in thlamuan na ve ber chutia a awm chuan min ti hreawm in min ti mang ang zual ngawih ngawih mai.

Uvaltea chu kava pan a ka ko a ka sawi chiam mai a. A zawi raih raih a amit a chhing a amuhil ni ber in alang uvalte uvalte ti a ka koh a ka sawi chuan duli tiat kek kawk a rawn meng in min rek a a rak teng tung mai a,amit mu chu a rawn sen vek a min thawh pui a chunglam a min char chho in zau mang kheng a ang in “kan ram chhung ah engvang in nge in lokal ka thah hma che u hian haw rang rawh u” min tia aka rim thang ngher nghur rim chhe em em mai mawlh kha ava han chhe tak em!! Ka thawk that theih loh avang in ka theih tawp in ka tal a ka thaw a chham tan tih chuan a rak vak a a thaw chuan ka hmai a tuam hlup a a zawi hnawk a keipawh chhuat ah chuan ka tla thlawrh a chau tak chungchuan ka tho a thawk kan la te te a uvaltea chu kava pan a alo harh ve chiah bawk a, ” enge a?” tih chhiah a sawi a,kei chuan engmah nilo haw ang ka tia uvaltea chuan enge i hlauh kha tiang te chu a ho emai a tih tlat mai si. Engmah i hre nang e? Ti a ka zawh pawn i pa lo e i hlauh a ho ltk a ti deuh tawp a,sarep hi in sem ila kei chu ka haw dawn ka tia ka sem nghal zung zung a ka in siam a aphallo chung chu ka hawsan ta a. Zing dar 8 vel ah kan khua ka thleng ve hman hram ani.

Ka awmdan mak lutuk avang in ka pa ngaih athalo takzet a chutianga ka kalpui ber ka hawsan mai chu alo ngaithiamlo viau bawk a, thil awmdan ka hrilh hnu chuan uvaltea chu angaihtuah hle mai a chhun eng ani bawk a zuk hruai leh ru a tih chuan midang in hruai rawh se ka kal dawnlo ka bur avang in min nawr lui duh bik lova, uvaltea hruai tur a ka thian te nghaktea leh krossa an kal ta a.

Anni chuan enge an tawn tih te pawh kan la ziak leh dawn nia.

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kha tia nghaktea leh krossa an kal hnu darkar khat vel ah khan sarthli a rawn thaw vuk vuk a,ka pa chuan ngaihthalo zet hian kan riah buk teh leh kan thlen chin te min zawt nawn leh a, mahse ka hrilh tha duh lemlo anlo haw ve mai ang ka ti tlat mai si a. Hrilh chu khawilam ani ringawt ka room a ka mu chu ka in ngaihtuah nasa mai a, a pa chhiat thlak hle mai hetianga lui riah pui te han haw san mai chu ramhuai tih vel hlauh vang in tiin keimah ah chuan in rintawkna tam tak a rawn awm thar a mahse ka in ngaihtuah chuan kala hlau tho mai. Hreawm ti chung chung chuan ka in siam mawlh mawlh a,ka rauh san tawh ram chu pan leh tur in ka in puah chah leh ta ani.

Sahmim ah chem tum ka ak a bike dah na ah kalin bike chu ka rap nung a,hlauhna chuan min man leh ta, keimah ah hian eng rau emaw chu a awm tlat ani. Hreh ru tak chung chuan bike chu ka rap nung a mat lui lam pan chuan ka tlan thla ta vang vang a, minutes 30 vel ah chuan vanzema li chu ka thleng thla a, hmeh en nen chuan hman hmawh tak in mat lui pawh vat tur chuan ka tlan thla hlawk hlawk a. Thlam ka zu then chuan thlam chu alo reh thiap a,tlam ka luh hma chuan ngaih thalo zet chung chuan uvalte tiin ka ko a min chhangtu chu an awmlo. Thlam kawngka chu ka hawnga ka thil hmuh chuan min ti khawng lek lek ani. Thil dang thim vek siin ka thil hmuh zawn chu a eng chiang em em lawi si a. Pu rama chu ril uai hnuang hian khan chhuk ah chuan alo in khai. Ka rak vak a engtik laiin nge pawn a ka thlawh chhuah ka hre hauh lo. Vanzema li am pan chuan ka tan thla chiam mai a. Uvaltea ka hmuh chuan ka hlim sawt mai. Kawng lai tak ah chuan kalo thu a, uvaltea a rawn chho chuan min hmu thut chu an phu chiang kher mai.

Uvaltea chuan min rawn pan in BD i tha em? I haw tawh maw ka tia!! A rawn tih chuan ka harh suai suai in ka hria,pu rama a thi tih bak sawi ka neilo chutah uvalte an pu rama a awmlo BD a rawn tih chuan thinrim tak chuan a awm ril uai hnuang in thlam khan chhuk ah alo in khai alom ka tih chuan mak an ti chu an ka ho mai a,uvaltea chu rang tak a tan chho in a hnung ah chuan ka um zui nghala,leika ah chuan alo thu a BD tumah an awmlo reng reng a tih chuan mak ka ti takzet ani. Thlam chhung chu ka va en a bungraw darh deuh nuai bak chu engmah reng hmuh tur a awmlo. Ka hrilh hai hle maia,uvaltea bula ka thil hmuh ka sawi chuan mak a ti em em a,zing a thawh a pu rama a bula a alo mut reng thu leh a hriat loh kara a lo bo daih thu min hrilh lai chuan thil ka hre chhuak zawk amai a. Uvalte nghaktea leh krossa kha anlo kal sia iin hmu lo mi khawnge? Tiin ka zawt a, uvaltea chuan kan in hmulo hrim hrim an rawn kallo tiin min chhang a kei chuan ka rawn kal hma daih hian an rawn kal alom rawn hruai tur che in ka tih chuan uvaltea chuan angaihna a hrelo hle mai si a,ka bangbo hle mai.

Uvaltea chuan enge hruai ka ngaihna mipa ka nih hi tiin lungawi vaklo chuan a phun nang nang a,a hma zan a thil awmdan ka hrilh chuan mak a tiin a mangang hle reng bawk ani. Uvalte haw ang ti a ka sawm chuan a duh bau lo mai le. BD mipa ka ni a hetiang hi ka fiah duh tak ani bawk tiin ain hrosa chheu chheu mai si han hawsan lah a ani thei tawh silo,rilru buai tak leh nghaktea leh krossa mgaihtuah reng chung chuan zanin chu riak ve leh chawt ang hmiang a hma ang em em chuan thil a thlengtawhlo mah na ti a in hnem leh rilru a tawngtai pah chuan ka rilru ka siam fel a. Tlai dar 5 a apel fel awrh tih chuan u valtea chuan BD hawh tukin a ka sumsi awh ka khawi a i zuk en ang hmiang a tih chuan rilru a phurna nei miahlo chung chuan ka zui thla a,alo lian ngang mai thlangra chu a tiat lo na in lian tak chu ani ngei e. A nghakuai dawlh chu a lem thuk em avang in a phawrh chhuah sak thei tawhlo a,a ring ah chuan parachute hrui in alo thlung bawk a, rei riallo in kan let chho leh ta a. Thlam kawt kan thleng chho chu kang damdawi kung hnuai ah chuan nghaktea leh krossa meng pual hru chung a anlo thu khur zawih zawih chu kan han hmu chu uvaltea meuh paqh chuan a hlauh deuh ani kei phei chuan an mahni an nilo amg ka ti hial nghe nghe a. Mahse anlo ni ngei si ani kan va pana kan sawngbawl fe pawh chuan an harh thei lawk lova an khur deuh ngawr ngawr mai chuan mi rap takzet ani. Reife kan sawi a kan bawihsawm hnu chuan nghaktea chu a rawn harh a, krossa erawh ala harh lo a mu kawm ngul mai a,thaw suk suk e tilo chuan a khawng em em mai bawk si tih ngaih na ber pawh kan hre tawhlo.

Nghaktea chuan meilum ai pah a melh kual hruk hruk chung chuan an thil tawn chu ti hian a sawi a. Khatia an kal ta kha vanzema lipeng an thlen khan hman hmawh taka kalin belpui lui chhuah an rawn thlen khan thli thaw vuk vuk thli lum uap churh chuan a rawn tuam vela ka thil tawn hre sa a kal anilo hrim hrim bawk ani. Belpui lui (mat lui fintu)an han kan tur chu hlauh na mak tak chuan a man a, an chhak tlang sairil bawn kar atang chuan naute tap ri rawn chhuak chuan ati chi ai ani ber mai. Hreawm ti chung chung in an rawn kal lui zela vanzema li an rawn thlen thlak hma a pu rama te fu huan an thlen chuan patling in min puiru ti a mangang taka au thawm an hriat avang in lui lam pan chuan an tlan thla ta chiam mai a. Vau an zuk thlen chuan tiau pho ah chuan putar khabe hmul sei tawk hian hnang alo hlai malh malh mai a. Biak tuma a alam pan a an va kal a an va biak chuan chu putar rawn hawi chu ava rapthlak em!! A hmel chu rapthlak thei ang bera thuam ni mai hmel pu a khabe te chu a bal veka a mit ko ah te chuan ruang tawih lung an vak nuai nuai bawk a,amit sen rum chuan thinrim tih hriat taka rawn melh in rig tawk in” HAW RU” tin bak a sawilo tlan let tur a an in her chiah chu chu putar chu rawn thlawk phei in rapthlak thei ang bera in siam chhiat khum in a ei zo dawn che u nangni mi luhlul ho iin an hma ah chuan ruang tawih lung lung vut vut nen chuan zau taka ang in a aia hlauhawm awm.leh tawh chuang lo tur chuan min in siam chhiat khum a, a hnar te chu a thlawn a hlau leh kimki chawih chawih a ka awm hmu chuan muang chang in a ral ve raih raih mai ani.

Mahse rei a riallo kawng pangai kan thlen chhoh hma chuan mihring hmel pu silo mahse naupang nisilo te reuh te te hian min rawn tlan hual a hrui a min hling in tlang lam ah chuan min hnuk chho ta a,krossa phei chu a meng tawhlo. Tal chhuah tuma theih tawp ka chhuah pawh in a ngheh em avang in engmah awmzia a awm thei silo. Chutia rilru mumallo tak chung a ka tal fat fat lai chuan kum kalta a manga vanzema li atlahlum ta leh ka thianpa adawnga vanzema li a tla hlum tho a an ruang kan hlawm dan ngai ngai khan kan hma ah chuan an rawn kal a tawng thei hmel pawh pu silo khan lei uai hnuang chung in fiah lo tawk in an ohun bul bul a an thusawi phei chu ka hre thei hauh lo.ka hlauh luat avang in ka khawhmuh a fiah lova ka hlauh em avang khan ka thih phah dawn hial hriat na ka nei ani. Chu tih lai chuan putar hnang hlai rapawm em em mai kha rawn lang in krossa chu a phuar a,mahse a ma taksa nilovin a mah tho pakhat chu a hnuk chhuak nawlh a. Tun ah chuan kanta in ni tawh ti a a sawi zawh rual chuan engmah ka hre tawhlo ka harh leh chuan minlo sawi harh chiah kha ani a. Mahse i hmel ka hmuh khan ka hlau na a rehlo ka hlauh na ala ngai reng ani. A chhan chu khua ah i awm ni a ka hriat vang ani. Ti a a sawi lai chuan krossa chu a rawn tal awk awk a, ka duhlo ka duhlo tiin a rak chiam chiam mai a.

A meng pual hru hru mai a uvaltea chuan a rek bet a zawng ramhuai chhuak rawh tiin a vo ta khar khar mai. Chu veleh krossa chuan u val tea chu a reka a ring ah chuan a seh ta bawrh bawrh mai le, enge kan tih ang tih pawh hrethiam loin a rem chan dan ang ang chuan krossa chu kan chelh bet ve na a chelh beh rual anilo chutih lai chuan thlam hnuai atang chuan hmeichhe nui ri awr awr kan hria a, chutih rual chuan krossa chu a zawi nghal rawih rawih a lui lam pan chuan min pui ru tiin a au thla ta rawng rawng a. Krossa chu kan han sawia nunna reng anei talo. Uvaltea chuan nangni ramhuai ho ka rawn hma chhawn leh ang che u ti pah chuan krossa chu a pu a kawngpui lam pan in a tlan chhoh pui ta dawr dawr a. Nghaktea nen chuan kan um zui vat a, hman hmawh tak a kan tlan lai chuan kan hma zawn ah chuan pu rama chu ril awrh hnuang hian alo then thu mai a ka rak thawt nghe nghe ka mit khap kar in a lo bo hman chu niin hah hluam a kawngpui kan thleng chho chu uvaltea rilru hreawm ti taka krossa a lo kuah ka hmuh chuan ka thin a rim thar thut mai le.

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Uvaltea ka en reng lai chuan uvaltea chuan lei a chum vak vak mai a,a au khek tuarh tuarh mai bawk a. Keimahni vanga krossa’n nunna a chân hi ka duh theilo khûng li hûai ho khu ka chhuah tir vek anih loh pawh in ka thih chilh ve dawn min hawsan mai ru ti pah chuan a ding hlûai a. Kei chuan nunna in chan belh kher a țullo tiin uvaltea chu ka chhang vat a.

Nghaktea pawh chuan haw tur in han sawm ngial mahse a duh lo bur ani tawp mai. Tih luih chi anilo tih ka hriat avang in nghaktea hnen ah chuan, hei hetiang anih tlat chuan i taksa ah hian krossa hi kan phuar bet anga, bike hian lo han haw phawt teh u. He buai na hi uvaltea nena kan cho chhuah ang anih miau avang in a tawp thleng in ka bei ve dawn ani. Ka thinlung nâ leh thinrim na chuan min bual â ani deuh ber e.

Nghaktea duh lo chung chu ramhrui chhat in kan phuar zung zung a, kan tlan haw tir thuai a. Kawng kawi a an pil hnu rei vaklo ah chuan uvaltea chuan van lam hawiin “ka nu i fapa hi min pui ang che” tiin a au chiam a. Uvaltea nu hi khuavang ten an awmpui tlat hi ani a,uvaltea nen chuan kan han thu ren rawn a in belova minute 5 vel kan thut hnu chuan ruah thimpui rawn sur tur ang mai in kan thlang a vanzema li chung zawn ah chuan chhum dum chhah tak chu an in let tup tup mai a thli a thaw vuk vuk a, mahse chung chhum hlawm awmkhawm te chu an awm na ngai ah bak chuan an so let but but lo a.

Khua a thim khuih khuih a kawl a rawn phe zawr zar a, țek ring tak a a rawn tlak rual chuan chung chhum dum li chung a in let tup tup te chu thawk leh khan ah li chhung ah chuan an in khawh lut suau mai. Thli chu a aia nasa in a rawn tleh chiam a, mahse thawk leh khat ah a reh leh thuap ang lawi si. Ka thinrim in hrosa ve te kha chu hlauhna in a rawn luah lan leh tan der mai, ka rilru chuan dawih-a leh ka in ti mawlh mawlh a. Uvaltea chuan i thawm hnaw kha phelh rawh chhuk ila tui ah khuan lut ang a ti bul hmuk a. Phur lo fahran chuan ka in phelh ve mai a, vanzema li lam pan chuan au thla ruai ruai pah in kan tlan thla ta chiam a.

Kan tlan chak bawk a kar lovah vaukam chu kan thleng thla thuai a, uvaltea chuan thlam ah kal phawt ang chempui lak angai a ti a. Thlam lam pan chuan kan tlan phei leh ta nghal a. Thlam kan thlen phei chuan thlam kawt ah chuan pu rama chuan thing a lo ek kan hmuh chuan kei chuan mak ka tiin purama anih ka ring theilo ani. Uvaltea chuan nang ramhuai kha tih pah chuan tlan pah in ava zuan a mahse uvaltea chu amah chauh chuan lei ah chuan a tla thum tawk asin le. Keimah hi lo hi chu i chem khan vai hmiah hmiah ang che. Purama a awmlo kan riah luh ni a kan hmuh pawh kha purama anilo, an huan ah pawh in sam na engmah a awmloh kha. Amah zawng a kan kal avang khan huan sam na hnuhma awmlo kha i hmulo anih kha kei chuan ka hmu vek alom. Hlau lo in in bei ve tak tak ang aw a ti a,ka hawsan zana a thil tawn te chu a sawi tha duh hauh lo thung a.

Nghakuai kan kam na kan hruizen hman bang zawng hlam 20 tur awm vel hi a kawng ah chuan a vet kual a, a in veh zawh chuan kal ang li mawng ah lut ang a tih leh kal a rual nghal a. A tlai tawh hle na in tlang let liam lam kawl erawh ala sen phut mai. Luiruam anih avang in a thim hma deuh mai pawh a khua chu ala eng ruai tho a,vanzema li kam tiau pho ah chuan kan ding reng a li chu uluk em em a kan en chuan mermaid nih duh hmel tak an rawn in lâr zuau zuau tih kan hmu thei a lui hnar lam kan awm na atanga pen 20 vel ah chuan kangțek kung a awm a chulam pan chuan kan chho ta a. Uvaltea chuan kangțek kung ah chuan a hruizen ken chu a lai tak ah a thlung sauh sauh a nghet tak in a hmawr lam kha i kawng ah thlung bawk ang che. “A țul leh VANZEMA ang pawn kan thi mai ta lawng iin huam em” min tih chuan ni rawh se. Tih leh zuan thlak kan rual a, li thuk lam pan chuan theih tawp chhuah in ka in hai lut a awmzia ava neilo ve ka kawng hrui ka in thun na chu ana em em a,tha chak tak hian min pawt kual ta vak vak mai le. Mi mah hlauh ruk nen tui chhung ah phei chuan chi ai ana kher mai. Pawn ah min hnuk chhuak emaw ka tih laiin li thuk lam min pan pui ta vang vang mai le. Ka chem ken chu ka vai vel chiam a thaw a rawn chham tan ta.

Theih tawp a in sang mar in hrui chu ka ban a ka theih ang ang chuan ka chem ken chu awmze nei hauh lo in ka tawng pawng vai ta chiam mai ani. Ka tha a zo a ka thaw a chham tui ka hak bawrh bawrh a, chutih lai chuan enge maw ni hian ka ban ah vuan in khawmual lam min pan pui tih chauh chu ka hriat chhun ani. Ka harh leh chuan vau kam ah chuan kalo mu a puan kalo sin hlun nghe nghe. Ka bulah chuan uvalhte a chuan mei lum alo ai a, ka thu chhuak a enge awmzia ka thi tawh emaw ka tia ka tih chuan uvaltea chuan thi suh e. Thi la chuan i rawn harh tawh nang ati bung nghut a. Chau tak chung chuan uvaltea chuan saw han en teh a tih rual chuan kan piah deuh a ruang 4 let reng chu ka en phei a, ka va pan hnai chuan ava mak teh reng em! Mihring hmel pu chiah silo sangha ni bawk silo beng nei ang dawn dawn ngho sei tak tak nei chu tawng 2 vel a sei tur mahse bawng tut si mihring vun ang a an vun awm si ruang 4 chu ka en dauh dauh a thineim na in ka khat a. Chem pui la in a rem lai lai ah chuan ka sat sawk sawk mai a. Chutih lai chuan eng in nge min su tih hriat siloh hian boruak rit tak ani mai in ka hria tiau pho ah chuan min su thal tawp mai le. Ka rak thawt a.

Uvaltea chu rawn zuang tho in chempui nen chuan boruak chu vaiin a rak teng tung mai a. Thawh ka tum chuan ka tho thei derlo mai. Eng in emaw min bawh bet tlat a, tal chhuah tuma rak vak pah a ka tha neih zawng zawng nen a kan tal chuan ka tal chhuak phut a ka zuang tho a ka hma zawn a thil dum rawn thlawk phei nauh nauh chu ka vai phei hmiah hmiah a. Patling na tuar chiau vawng vawk leh rum tuah tuah thawm chuan kan awmna ruam chu a tuam a,a so bulh bulh ani ber mai. Uvaltea chuan BD that vek ang heng ho hi nuai chimit ang aw ti a min rawn fuih chuan chakna thar min pe in a aia nasa chuan bul bel a eng eng emawni rawn thlawk chu ka vai bian bian mai a. Ka hnung zang chu chem a sah thler duai ang mai hian a thip zawk a,ka mit nghal sulh mai thei leh theilo in ka hnung zang chu ka dap a thisen a chhuak tih ka hre thei ka zawi hnawk a, ka chauh tawh zia ka in hria mahse chau hman rual ka ni silo. Thawk leh khat ah kan piah tlang pang per atang chuan thil var an rawn thlawk nauh nauh a, chuveleh kan thil beih te chu thawm nasa tak rapthlak tak tak a au leh khek rawng rawng pah chuan li mawnglam pan in tui ah chuan an in khawh lut zawk zawk hlawm a.

Chung thil var enge an nih hriat theih siloh te chuan kan vel ah chuan an thlawk kual a,rilru ah thawven na a rawn lut a hah pawh a dam sawng sawng mai. Uvaltea nen ngawi renga kan thlir lai chuan ngaihtuahna la peng tur in vanzema li chu livir ah chang in a vir muai muai a a phul bulh pulh bawk a. Min pui ruu ti thawm leh hreawm ti leh mangang aurawl ri rawng rawng te chu tui phul bulh bulh atang chuan boruak dum hlawm nen chuan van lam ah chak lutuk mai in a in vawrh chho siau a, tui in khawh chho chu a san em avang in lei lam a an rawn tlak leh chuan lui ruam chu ruah sur ang mai ani. Thawm chu a reh rual chuan krossa aw ngei mai chuan HAW TAWH ANG U TIH fiah taka rawn sawi in tui fawn nasa tak pawh chu a reh zui a. Chung thil var thlawk chiah chiah te chu thusawi nei awm tak hian an tawng chiah chiah a,an thusawi erawh ka hre theilo. Muang chang in an ral ta raih raih a, ka chau lutuk chu ka thu hnawk a,uvaltea chuan tirawh i haw tawh ang kawite(krossa) pawh a haw tawh e a ti a kan in siam a, muang chang in ke in ka haw ve ta bek bek a. Kan in be tlem hle mai. Kawngpui kan thlen hma chuan kan khaw ho. Duata,patea,marama leh pa ro-a(ka nu u pasal) te min hruai tur in an rawn kal a, tichuan khawlam pan in kan haw ta ani.

A TAWP TA.

heng mi hming ka hman hawh ho hi ka hmel hriat te vek a nia in hawlo tur ah ka ngai ani.a felhlel lai a awm teuh tih ka hria hna thawk pah a ziak ka nia min hrethiam hram dawn nia.
Ka thu ziah min chhiarsak tu te in chung ah DARA hming in lawmthu ka sawi e. KA LAWM E.

Alfred lalbiakdika (dara pu).

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PU SAPCHHUNGA THINGDAWL VENGLAI TEKIN DENG HLUM

21 September, 2016 tlai dar 4:30 ruahsur lai vel khan Thingdawl venglai a Pu Sapchhunga chu a huan, khua atanga hnaiteah, a fehnaah tekin a deng hlum.

YMA hruaitute hnen atanga thudawmn danin Pu Sapchhunga kum 84 mi leh a nupui Pi Biakkungi te chu an huanah hian an feh a, tlai ruahsur lai khan thlamah an awm a, hetih lai hian tekin Pu sapchhunga chu a deng a, ka chhawn lohin a boral nghal a ni. A nupui Pi Biakkungi pawh tek hian manin a tlu tawp a, a ni hi chu a na lutuk lo hlauh. Phone in an chanchin khua amite a hrilh a, tlai thim hma khan Pu Sapchhunga ruang hi an la fel a, vawiin lamah vui a ni. Pu Sapchhunga taksa lang theiah hian pem leh hliam engmah a lang lo niin thudawnna chuan a sawi.

Pu Sapchhunga te thlam banah hian khiang thing dinglai, kit lova ban atanga rin an nei a, hei hi tekin a rawn deng a, Pu Sapchhunga a bul hnaia lo awm chu a deng tel ta niin hriat a ni.

Pu Sapchhunga hi Rev. R.Lalrinliana, tuna Bangalore-a MTh zir mek pa a ni a, amah hi Rev. R.Vanbela U a ni bawk.

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