KHAWVELA-A ENLENNA LIAN BER SIAM ZO

POSTED by On

  • khawvela telescope lian ber

China sawrkarin vansang chanchin zirna atana khawvela enlenna lian ber a siam mek chu nimin khan a siam zo a, September thla atanga hman tan theih beisei a ni. Dollar maktaduai 180 (£135m) senga siam, Aperture Spherical Telescope hi khawvel pawn boruak zir chianna tur leh mihring ni lo, thil nung dang an awm em tih zirna tur bika tih a ni a, a zau zawng hi metre 500 niin, football field 30 tiat vel a ni a, National Astronomical Observation hotu, Zheng Xiaonian chuan he an khawl thar siamah hian nimin khan vuah turte vuah zawh a nih thu leh, a hnathawh dan tur an en chhin hnuah September thla atanga hman tan theih an inbeisei thu a sawi.

FAST hian khawvela telescope lian ber ni thin Arecibo Observatory (Puerto Rico), 300m (984ft) diameter, chu a rawn khum ta a ni.

He thil siam a nih lai hian mipui ten khawl an hman hrang hrang ten a tih buai theih dawn avangin Kilometre 5 huam chhunga mi 9110 te chu he khawl hnathawh that theih nan an sawn chhuak vek a ni.

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CHINA TUILIAN TUARTE TAN TAWNGTAIPUI TURIN KRISTIANTEN MIN NGEN

China Christian Daily chuan thuchhuah siamin chhum lo chat lova ruah sur nasa avanga tuilian tuar, China rama province 26, county 1,192-a mi 186 thi te leh nimin thlenga mi 45 chin hriat lohva la bo te tan tawngtaipui turin khawvel ramtina Krisitante chu min sawm.He tuilian hian mi maktaduai 3.282 te khawsak phung a tibuai takzet a, chenna in 56,000 a tichhia a, mi maktaduai 1.48 te chu hmun him lama thiar chhuah an ni. Tuilian a tihchhiat hlut zawng hi 50.6 billion yuan aia tam niin an tarlang.

Ruah sur nasa vang hian Yangtze lui chu a lian nasa hle a, chuanhnuai lama awm Jianghuai Region chu a tuar nasa ber an ni a, lui dang 100 aia tam Hunan, Hubei, Anhui, Guizhou, Henan, Jiangsu leh Zheijing-a mite chu hlauhawm chhianchhiahna pelin an luang vek hlawm. Ruah hi a la sur zel chuan tuilian hi a la zual zel thei nia tarlan a ni.

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IRANIAN HULK-AN ISIS BEI TURIN IRANIAN SIPAITE ZAWM DAWN

POSTED by Saihmingliana Sailo On July 4, 2016

4th July : Thalai tha zat hun a ni a, amah a lianin thahrui a ngah thawkhat hle ngei ang. He tlangval, ritchawi lama inhmang mek, kg 180 aia rit pawh chawikang nalh nalh thei, Sajad Gharibi (24) hi kg 170 vela rit a ni a, a lar thar hle.

Iranian Hulk emaw Persian Hercules emaw tia hriat lar a ni a, Instagram lamah follower 127,000 chuang a nei a, chung ho hmaah chuan tuna Syria-a awm mek Iranian sipai, Islam State firfiak pawlte hmachhawna dotute chu tanpui turin, ‘volunteer soldier’ a inpek tur thu a puang a, ISIS te thattu tur, ‘The Bulldozer’ hming pua firfiak pawlte nawr turin.

Mahse, he thu hi 9 News chuan Sajad-a hian a pha niin an tarlang ve thung a, hetiang chanchin a chungchanga vawrh darh a nih vang hian a lar lehzual phah hrim hrim nia tarlan a ni.

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KUM 5 MIIN A PA MITDEL HNATHAWHNA HMUNAH HRUAI THIN, FACEBOOK VANGIN NUN THAR AN HMANG TAN MEK!

POSTED by Saihmingliana Sailo On July 6, 2016

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SERH CHHUNG BAWK ( ABCESS, BARTHOLIN’S CYST)- Dr. C. Lalrampana

POSTED by Pana Chhangte

A AWMZIA LEH NIH PHUNG:
Hetiang natna hi hmeichhia, mihring panngaia piang chhuak tawh phawt chuan a vei thei a; chuvangin, hetiang natna neia inhriate emaw inrinhlelna emaw a awm a nih chuan Doctor hnenah kal vat ang che. Mizovi’n thalbe kan tih, Bartholin’s Glands-te hi Serh chhung tawntirh sir tawn tawnah hian hna pawimawh tak thawkin an awm hmunah rinawm takin an awm a. Hei hian Serh chhungah tuihhnang (fluid) siamin serh hriselna thlentu pawimawh tak a ni. Mahse, he thalbeah hian tuihnang (fluid) a awm loh emaw a tlem emaw, a awm mumal loemaw, a ro emaw a nih chuan Bartholin’s Glands chuan hna a thawk tha thei lova, Serh chhung tuihnanga luan naltu tur a tlem tial tial a; a tawpa a ro lutuk phei chuan Serh chhung ro lutuk avangin serh na a rawn siam/awmtir thei a; chuvangin, awm nuam lo a siam nasa thei hle. A chang chuan na chhuak lem lovin Serh vung a siam thei bawk a, na awm si lova Serh chhung emaw Serh biang vungte a awm thei bawk. Hetiang dinhmun hi a thleng a nih chuan ngawi mai lovin Daktawr hnenah inentir vat tur a ni.

Hetiang natna hi in lamah mahnia inenkawl theih a ni a; natna hrik thattu (antibiotic) damdawi hmanga enkawl chi a ni.

A lan chhuah dan:
Hetiang natna hi a nasat vak loh chuan na chhuak kher lovin serh chhungah vung a siam thei a; na nei lo ang maia awm theih a ni. A lo rei hnuah erawh chuan thalbe bawk (Bartholin’s cyst)a siam puitlin hnu chuan Serh chhung tawntirhah vung a siam a; a na chhuak thin a ni. He natna lan chhuah dan tlangpuite chu:

1. Serh chhung Thangi RBA a na emaw, a vung emaw, a thak a, a nuam lo hle thin.

2. Thut leh vei vel a nuam lo thei hle thin

3. Mipa/pasalte nena inpawl (sexual intercourse) laiin a nain a hrehawm hle thin a; nuam tihna pawh a awm tak tak thei lo.

4. Khawsik aawm nuam lo a thlen thei.

Bartholin’s cyst hi Serh chhung tawntirh khing lehlam chauh atangin a awm tlangpui thin.

Daktawr rawn hun:
In lamah tuilum thuta ni 2-3 mahnia inenkawl hnuah pawh a la dam lo cheu a nih chuan Daktawr rawn vat a hun tih hriat a tha.

Kum 40 tlin tawh hnua hetiang natna nei tan phei chuan tan chuan tihdam vat a tul leh zual. Hetiang hi a lo nasat viaua ngaihsak lawk loh phei chuan panchhia (cancer)-ah a chang thei a; Panchhia a chan tawh chuan enkawl dam a harsa hle tawh thin. Chuvangin, enkawl dam vat tur a ni.

A lo awm chhan:
Mithiamte hmuh dan chuan Serh vung/bawk (Bartholin’s Cyst) lo awm theihna chhan nia lang chu inhliam palh vang emaw, natna hrik atanga inkaichhawn vang emaw a ni thei a; chutiang a lo nih chuan Serh chhung tawntirh lehlam lehlama thalbe (Glands) pahnih atanga tuihnang kalna dawtah khan serh tinaltu tuihnang kal tluang tha tur a dan pin avangin a lo ro tial tial a; tuihnang luanna dawtah tuihnang a luang zung zung theilova chu chuan na leh vung a thlen thin a ni. Hei hi natna hrik te reuhte te (bacteria)-in a thlen a nih avangin fimkhur a ngai hle a ni.

Tin, hmeichia leh mipa inpawl (sextual intercourse) atangin natna hrik te reuhte te chi hrang tam tak inkaichhawn avanga awm thei a ni bawk a; chu chu ‘Escherichia Coli (E-Coli)’ emaw ‘Gonorrhea’ leh ‘Chlamydia’ an tih thin hi a ni.

A zualzapui (Complication):
Serh vung/bawk natna (Bartholin’s cyst/abcess) hi enkawl dam a nih hnuah pawh a awm nawn leh thei a; enkawl nawn fo a ngai thei. Chuvangin, mahni infinfiah fo a pawimawh a; hetiang natna vei thin tan chuan engemaw hlek a awm a nih chuan inenkawl vat vat thin tur a ni.

Enge tih theih awm?
Hmeichhe lam Daktawr thiam Gynecologist rawn dawnah tih ve theih tam tam tak Damlovi’n a nei a; a inbuatsaih lawk theih nan a hnuaia mite hi hre reng a tur a ni.A nat dan tlangpui felfai takin ziak la, a hmaa tawn ngai loh thilte a awm phei chuan chhinchhiah tlat tur.Eng damdawi nge a ei, vitamin emaw, food suplemtnet emaw pawh ni se, ei rei tawh chin leh ei zat (dose) ziak thlap tur.

Daktawr rawn huna thil pawimawh chhinchhiahna tur lehkhapuan bute inchhawp thlap tur.
Natna chungchanga Daktawr thurawn leh thusawite chu fiah takin zawh chian a; a indawta felfai taka ziah nghal zel tur.Daktawr hnena zawhna zawh tur tam tak a aw
m thei a, zawhna zawh dan tur tlangpuite hetiang hi a ni a; timna nei hauh lovin zawh thin tur a ni.

1. Enge ka natna lo awm chhan ber?
2. Finfiah nan enge ka mamawh?
3. Amahin a reh fel mai thei em, eng ang inenkawlna nge ka mamawh?
4. Enkawl ka nih hnuah eng chen nge inpawl lova awm ngai?
6. A dam vat theih nan enge tih ve theih chin ka neih?
7. He natna hi vei nawn theih a ni em?
8. He natna kaihnawiha hriat tur pawimawh ziahna lehkhabu emaw min pek theih i nei em? eng website nge tlawh ila tha ber min rawn tur i nei em?
9. Enge a huat zawng ei leh in insum ngai a awm em?
10. I damdawi min chawh hian nghawng tha lo eng enge a neih?
11. Damdawi ei theihnghilh palh (missed dose) chang a awm thei a; engtia ei zawm tur nge?

Daktawr rawn reng rengin mahni nat dan fiah fai takin zep nei lovin sawi thin a tha a; zawhna leh hriat duhte chu timna nei miah lovin engkim fiah fai taka zawh thin tur a ni.

Daktawrin damlote laka a beiseite chu:
Daktawrin dam lo inentirte lakah hriat duh tam tak a nei a; a tlangpuiin zawhna engemaw zat a zawt thin. Chung zawhna a zawh thin tlangpuite chu chhang thei tura inbuatsaih a ngai thin. Chungte chu:
1. Engtik atangin nge i nat/dam loh tan?
2. Engang chiahin nge a nat?
3. Inpawl laiin a na thin em?
4. Nitin a na thin em?
5. I thiltih/hnathawh laiin, hnathawh zawngin a na thin em?
6. Nitin a na a zual zel nge a ziaawm zel?
7. Enge nangmahah a nghawng dan che?
8. Zanah mutthilh a harsat phah em?
9. A nat laiin tawrh a har viau em?
10. Hlauhthawnna i nei thin em?

CHIANG ZAWKA FINFIAHNA (TEST AND DIAGNOSIS)
Bartholin’s cyst chu chiang zawka hmuh chhuah leh finfiah a nih theih nan Daktawrin a tih thin tlangpuite:
1. A nat dan (Medical history) chungchanga hriat duh a neihte a zawt hmasa chawk thin.
2. Inpawl atanga lo awm nge tih a hriat theih nan Serh chhung pangti them a hleh a ngai thin.
3. Kum 40 tling tawhte chu a tlangpuiin panchhia (cancer) hlauhawm a ni nge ni lo tih finfiah a nih theih nan biopsy hmanga finfiah turin a rawn a ngai thin.
4. Panchhia (cancer) a nih a rinhlelh emaw, a ni ngei tih a hriat chuan hmeichhe Daktawr thiam bik Gyneocologist hnena kal turin a rawn thin.

DAMDAWI LEH A ENKAWLNA:
He natna hi a nasat hle lem loh chuan enkawl vak a ngai lem lova, a nasat viau emaw, nun khua tinuam lo khawpa a awm erawh chuan a enkawl nan Daktawrin hetiang hian thurawn a pe fo thin:

1.Tuilum thut (Sitz baths) :
Chawhtawlhah tuilum daha thut tur, serh chiah pil tawkin nitin vawi 2-3 thutin ni 4-5 thleng tih thin tur. Hei hian serh chhunga bawk/ruh chu a chiah zawpin a tikehsawm thei a; damdawi tha tak a ni.

2. Zaia hip chhuah (Surgical drainage):
Serh chhung bawk (cyst)chu a len tawh lutuk emaw, a nasat tawh chuan zai keha a chhunga hlawm awm khawm chu zaidarha pai fai a tha ber.Hip chhuah zawh hnuah thelret tube (catheter) vuah tur a ni a; Catheter hi chawlhkar 6 thleng vuah a ngai thin. Hei hian a bawlhlawh hlawm chhuahna tur kawngka a lo hawn zau sak a; avaiin fai takin a chhuah phah thei a ni.

3. Natna hrik dotu damdawi (Antibiotic):
A tlangpuiin inpawl vang (sexually transmitted) a nih chuan natna hrik tihlumtu (antibiotic) damdawi hman a ngai fo thin. Mahse, zai dam that anih erawh chuan antibiotic ei kher ngai lovin a tha hlen hlauh thei bawk.
4.Bawmte vuah (Masupialization):
Kangaroo-in a dula note paina bawm a nei ang hian Serh chhung bawk tifai tura Bawm vuah (marsupialization) hi thil tangkai tak a ni bawk. Daktawr chuan Serh chhung sir tawn tawnah awmze neia kawngka a inhawn reng theih nan 1/4inch (6 milillimetr) a thui a zai kak thin a; chutah chuan bawmte chu a vuah thin a; hetianga zai zawh hnua engemawchen vuah hian bawk lo awm leh tur a veng tha hlea ngaih a ni.

Khitianga enkawl dam hleih theih loh mi tlemte an awm thei. Chutiang a nih chuan Damdawi inah zai a ngai chawk. Hetianga zai a ngaih hian Bartholin’s cyst gland chu paih a ngai tihna a ni. Amaherawhchu, hetianga gland paih a nih hian thisen chhuak a tam duh em em a; fimkhur hle a ngai thin.

NUNPHUNG LEH MAHNIA INEKAWLNA:
Serh chhung bawk (Bartholin’s Cyst) laka invenna hi a awm tak tak lova, chuvangin, mahni in lama khawsak dan phung leh chetzia tihdanglam theih hi invenna tha tak a ni. Chung zinga pawimawh zualte chu:
1. Inpawl/sex hman uar lutuk loh tur
2. A lawnga inpawl aiin Condom hman fo tur
3. Inpawl (Sex) hman dawn leh hman zawh apiangin fai takin Serh silfai ngei ngei tur
4. Zun/ek zawh apiangin serh silfai ziah tur
5. Zun/ek zawh kher lovah pawh a khat tawkin Serh silfai fo tur.

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BATTLE OF LUNGDAI KAWN

An tel ve a ni tih pawh an sawi ngam loh khawp a hun hlauhawm an tawn kha, kan tan chuan ngaihnawm mai a ni ta.

Thal favang thli fim tleh heuh heuh bak hriat tur a awm lo a, thinlung chhung erawh a ri muai muai a ni ber mai a,nakin lawkah silai mu ri tluar tluar chuan boruak rek tak chu a rawn chhung khat dawn tih hre ran chung chuan, tlang bawk pathum inhnaih tak tak ah chuan Mizo sipai te chuan Vai sipai ration la haw lam chu lo lam bun tumin an lo chang thap mai a. An tanhmun a rem bawk a, an thla a muang kher mai.

He inkahna hi October,1966 a Dungtlang khua a thleng a ni. An inkah tum hian Mizo silai neih chu Rifle sawmnga vel leh LMG pahnih a ni a, mi 70 vel zet an ni bawk. Vai sipai lam pawh 70 vel bawk an ni a,Vaphai a inkulh an ni. An commander Sikh palian sual zet mai hi a awm a, an lambun chhan pawh he Sikh pa hi ni ber in an sawi. Vai sipai ah hian Mizo pahnih an tang ve a, Mizo rilru chu an pu lo hle a ni.

Tichuan, tlang bawk hmasa ber(tun a High school tlang kan tih) ah chuan Mizo sipai,ralthuam keng lo ho chuan an lo chang a, a piah leh feet 80 vel a hla tlang(tun a Bethelna tlang) ah chuan LMG pakhat keng leh Rifle keng mi 20 rual chuan an lo chang ve leh a, piah ber tlang (tun a Police mual kan tih) ah chuan LMG pakhat leh Rifle keng mi 20 chuang te chuan an lo chang ve bawk a, Hmelma sipai te tan a tlanchhiat na awm chhun chu kham vek a ni. Tichuan awmhmun te an han rem fel a,Vai sipai te chu an lo chang ta.

Rei a rial hman lo,Vai sipaite chu an lo thleng thuai a,metre 50-60 bawr vel a an lambun na tur hmun an la rawn theng lo tih ah chuan a kal hmasa ber chu a rawn faifuk phei rat rat mai a, a chezia a trang chuan a thla amuang tih a hmuh thei a, chu chuan LMG keng tu Pa Buanga thin ati so ta a le,a tre a trening lo ta na fam chuan rlru fim pu zo lovin a tlir phei ta hmiah mai ah, a thal chiang kher mai.

Rei ngial an in kah hnu chuan,Mizo sipai te chuan an tlawm leh tlawm loh an han zawt a,Vai sipai a trang Mizo pahnih te chuan an tlawm loh thu in an lo chhang a, tichuan, a ralthuam nei chhe zawk Mizo pasalthra te chu an in saseng ta a ni.

He inkahna ah hian vai sipai pasarih kah hlum an ni a, Sabengtung pahnih leh sakawr sawm vel kah hlum an ni bawk. Pa Buanga hian kap hma lutuk lo sela chuan, heng vai sipai te hi an kap hlum vek tur a ngaih a ni. An inkahna hmun ah hian kal mai an phal loh avangin ni thum hnu vel ah Dungtlang khaw mipuite chuan Vai sipai ruangte chuan phum thra a ni. Vai sipai pakhat erawh a hnu ni sawm vel ah Paite mual kawng ah thi a chhar a ni.

A bik takin Pa Buanga hi a ropui ang reng hle a,Vai sipai tawnglettu ni chung a, MNF sipai ni thei a ni a, amaherawh chu hektu a neih avangin, he inkahna a a khai pa ber a ni tih an hre ru ta a, a muttui lai kaitho in a in kawt ah ngei kahhlum a ni. A ruang hi tah ngam an awm lo a,a nupui ngei pawhin a trah ngam trawk a ni.


Pic: 30.6.16 a he inkahna hmuna silaimu ka chhar te an ni.

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Aizawl in Smart City Project-a hamthatna dawng dawn lo!

POSTED by Dingdi On July 4, 2016

  • Free WiFi Sawi laiin project an thehluh a tha tawk lo
  • Department Thu a inkalh

Sorkar laipuiin khawpui thlanbik tih hmasawn bik tura a thlanchhuah ‘Smart City’ zingah Aizawl chu thlan tel ni mah se, project thehluhah duhthusamlo lai deuh a awm avangin hamthatna dawng tura thlan a la ni lo. Smart City ruahmanna thar hi June ni 29, 2016 khan thehluh that leh a ni.

Thudawn danin Ministry of Urban Dev-elopment chuan India ram khawpui 100-te chu a bika tih hmasawn turin a thlang a, chung khaw-pui thlanchhuah 100 zinga 97 chuan smart city atana ruahmanna an neihte chu an thehlut a, heng zingah hian khawpui 97 chu smart city atan hian pawm a ni.

Heng atang hian khawpui chei tur bik 20 thlanchhuah leh a ni a, mahse round 1 a tling khawpuite hian India ram state hrang hrang a huap zolo deuh nia Ministry lamin a hriat avangin khawpui thlan-chhuah bik 23 te chu ‘Fast Tract Cities’ tia vuahin an ruahmanna te thehlut tha leh turin a ti a. Heng khawpui 23 zing atang hian khawpui 13 chu smart city hamthat-na sum dawng thei tur an ni a, ruahmanna thehlut zingah hian Aizawl pawh a tel a, mahse point 1 in a tling zo lo.

Aizawl tlinlohna chhan hi Ministry of Finance leh Ministry of Urban Development-te thuchhuak inanloh vang leh inhriatpawh tawkloh vang te, khawpui dang ten sum intumsem dan turah 50:50 anga project an siam laiin Aizawl chuan 90:10 in an siam vang niin UD&PA Secretary Dr. Vanlalramsanga chuan thudawnna a hrilh.

Smart City atan hian Aizawl chu thlan a ni tawh a, khawpui tihhma-sawnna tur sum hi a dawng dawn tho a, mahse proposal nei tha ten an dawng hmasa dawn a ni. 2nd round ah hian khawpui 64 te chu an inel leh dawn a, Aizawl khawpui chu thlan a nih chuan smart city sum a hmang thei ve tawh dawn a ni.

Smart city tur hian tui, eng, inkalpawhna, boruak thiangthlim, IT tha te bakah hriselna tha te mipui a bikin hmeichhia, naupang leh upa zawkte him leh zalen taka awmtir te chu a tum ber a ni.

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FBI-IN HILLARY CLINTON THU AN ZAWT FIAH TA : JAIL-AH CHAW AN CHHUM KEP RIH LO

POSTED by Ct Lalrinawma On July 4, 2016

July 2 Inrinni khan Hillary Clinton chu FBI Hrs, Washington ah darkar 3 chuang FBI mi 8 leh Justice Dept aiawhten a private email server chungchangah thu an zawt fiah ta. Hillary hi a Ukil David E. Kendall, Cheryl D.Mills leh Heather Samuelson ten an tawiawm.

Tun thlaah Democratic party chuan Philadelphia ah National Convention neiin, an US presidential candidate tur hi official takin an puang dawn a; chumi hma chuan a dinhmun hi chin fel a ngai a ni. Benghazi, Libya a US diplomats 4 thihnaah erawh a thiamloh engmah a awmlo, tih report tawh a ni.

Hetianga FBI meuh thu zawh ngai ta chuan mipui beng a verh hle a; mahse, he thil hi “civil” leh ” business” thil ang chauhva sawi a ni thung. Mahse, Republican Party erawh chuan Inrinni vek khan thuchhuah siamin, “Hetianga major party meuh US president nih tum criminal investigation vanga chhui leh interview a la awm ngai lo, a va pawi em” tiin thu an chhuah. Hillary hi jail lamah chuan chaw an la chhum kep rih lo.

Donald Trump chuan Twitter ah, “FBI te chuan thiamloh an chan tir a rinawm loh ve. Enge thil nge a tihsual tak le!” tiin, a ti el bawk.

Nilaini khan Quinnipac University poll ah Donald Trump nge Hillary Clinton rinawm zawk ang tih chu 45% chuan Trump chu mi rintlak (trustworthy) zawk ang an tih laiin, Hillary chuan 37% a hmu. Hillary hian sorkar lehkha pawimawh classifed informations te chu a private email server ah a chenna Chappaqua, New York ah (Secy of State a nih laiin) a lo thawn darhin a hmang mai thin a; hei hian US security a tiderthawng em tih chu US Congressional chuan chhui an phut a, Sept 11, 2012 a Benghazi thil thleng nen an chhui ta a ni.

A tirah a private server a emails 30,000 a lo thawn thin chu “Thupha leh ngaihdam dilna tur a awmlo” a tih vel hlaih hlaih llaiin, a hnuah “Ka lo tisual palh” tiin a sawi leh si a ni.

FBI Hqrs thu an zawh fiah hnuin vantlang hmaah a inlan lova, mahse, a pasal Bill Clinton nen New York hmun Wayne Cole a che tlatna “Dirty Broadway” lama Hamilton ah hmuh an ni. Mi ram chuan an hruaitu turte hi an ulukin, dawt sawi zil zel chi an ni em? Ram dan ding lai an zah em tih uluk takin an chhuiin an chhut thin. US Attorney General Loretta E.Lynch chu kar hmasa khan Bill Clinton nen Phoenic airport ah an inhmu a, hei hian ti ti a ti tam hle a; sawisel a hlawh bawk. Mahse, politics thil niin an sawi lo. Enge an sawi hriat a ni lova, tum loh deuhva inhmu pawh an ni thei. Mahse Lynch hian Hillary chu criminal charge pe mah se, a pawm dawn lo nge tih zawhna awm chu, “FBI emaw Prosecutor ten charge an pek chuan ka pawm ang. Tun hnuah chuan hetiang hian ka hmu leh tawh ngai lovang” a ti chhuak.

Federal law angin, hrereng chunga classifed information te sorkar tih dan phung piah lama lo hmang emaw thawn a nih chuan, dan palzutna leh ngaihzamna (gross negligence) ah puhin, criminal charge awm thei a ni.

Mizoramah politician leh sorkar hnathawkten Dan kal lai piah lama palzutna leh ngaihthah leh ngaihzamna an nei ve thinin kan hria em?

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US Dollar bil hlutna hi engtia chhut nge a nih?

POSTED by Lalremliana Pachuau On July 4, 2016

  • Eng ram pawisa nge hlu ber
  • Us dollar hlut chhan
  • Pawisa siam teuh that lohna
Khawvel ram tina an pawisa hi engtia hlutna neia lo awm ta mai nge? Engvangin nge India pawisa Rupee aia US Dollar chu a hlut zawkna chhan? Engti tiha lehkha them ve mai mai chuan hlutna hlu tak a lo neih tak mai? Tu thuin nge pawisa hlutna chhut a nih a, engvangin nge chu thutlukna chu khawvelin a pawmpui tak mai?

Pawisa hlu ber :

Tunhma chuan khawvel ram hrang hranga an pawisa hlutna hi an bungrua – Rangkachak, Silver leh Oil Reserve (dahṭhat) etc hmanga zawm a ni ṭhin. Tunlai khawvela pawisa hlu ber chu Kuwaiti Dinar niin Dinar 1 hian US $ 3.28 a tluk. Engvang nge kan tih chuan an Oil ngah vang leh oil mamawhna (demand) a san reng vang a ni. A dawt lehah chuan Bahraini Dinar niin an Dinar 1 hian US $ 2.65 a tluk a ni. A dawt lehah chuan Omani Rial niin Rial 1 hian US $ 2.60 a tluk bawk.

US pawisa hlutna tehdan :

US chuan kum 1971 khan heng bungrua hmanga an ram pawisa hlutna teh hi bansanin Dollar chu Fiat Money tih a lo ni ta a ni. Fiat Money chuan rangkachak, silver leh oil nena inzawmna a nei ta lova, heng bungrua hmang hian pawisa hlutna chhut a ni ta lova ni. Fiat Money chu US Gov’t Policy-ah innghatin an policy a zirin pawisa note engzat nge print tur tihah thutlukna an siam ta ṭhin a ni.

Khawvela pawisa zawng zawng hi fiat money a ni mai tih hi a dik zet mai. US hian a hma kha chuan rangkachak a neih hmangin a pawisa hlutna kha a bituk mai ţhin kan ti a. Tun hnuah erawh Sawrkar Policy, ramchhung leh pawn nena an inlaichinna milin pawisa note a siam a, chu pawisa note hlutna chu a policy a zira supply leh demand inlaichinna milin kha pawisa note hlutna kha bituk a ni ta ţhin a ni. Khawih theih bungrua hmang tawh lova pawisa note an siam, hlutna nei hi fiat money kan tih chu a ni ta a ni.

US Monetary Policy chu Independent Federal Reserve System an tih mai, US ramchhûnga Regional Bank 12 ten an siam niin Board of Governor te chu US President in a ruat a, Senate in an pawmpuite an ni ta a ni. Heng Governor te hian US dân siam khawl Congress hnenah report an pe ta ṭhin a ni. FED in hlawkna a neih zawng zwngte chu US Treasury-ah chhun luh an ni ṭhin. Federal Reserve hi politics thila miin an thunun mai theih loh nan Sawrkar hnuaia eng Branch thuhnuaiah mah a awm lo bawk.

Chuti anih si chuan FED chuan engvangin nge pawisa tam tham tak a print phalna a pêk mai loh? A chhan chu dollar khan hlutna reng reng a neih dawn loh vang a ni. Pawisa lo awm chhan han ngaihtuah teh le. Thil dang nena inthlengna atâna hman tur a siam kha a ni a. Goods & Services aia tam daih pawisa supply lo awm ta se, i chhut thiam em? Total amount of currency circulation kha total value of goods & services aia a punchak chuan miin tunhma aiin goods & services (mipui mamawh)kha a lei tam thei lovin a lei tlem thei tulh tulh dawn a ni.

Hmanah an sawi ṭhin, France khuan pawisa a print vak mai a. Chhangthawp pakhat lei turin êm khat tlat pawisa a ngai an tih ṭhin kha. Hei taka hi Economic Term-ah chuan Inflation (pawisa thehdarh tam chiam vanga thil man to) kan tih chu a lo ni ta a ni. Kawng lehlamah thung chuan pawisa supply kha pangngai reng se, goods & services siamchhuah kha tam ta thur thur thung se, dollar hlutna kha Deflation an tih hmangin a pung ta thung ṭhin a ni.

Anih leh khawi chu nge ṭha lo zawk? Inflation nge Deflation?

Economist te chuan Inflation leh Deflation uchuak tak chu tu tân mah a ṭha lo ve ve an ti ṭhin. Economy a lo ṭhanlen theihnân Inflation lian tham lo neih hi a pawimawh a, chuvang chuan FED hian Economic Data tam tham tak mai la khawmin an zirchiang reng ta ṭhin a ni. Chung Data zingah chuan a hmalawka Inflation Rate te, International Trends (khawvel pum huapa a awn lam) leh Unemployment Rate (hnathawh tur nei lo)aṭangin pawisa thehdarh (circulate) zat tur awm ang an chhutchhuak ta ṭhin a ni.

Ram leh ram inkâra pawisa hlutna chhut dan :

Ram pahnih inkâra pawisa hlutna an chhut dan chu Demand leh supply kaltlangin a ni a, chu an inlaichinna mil chuan pawisa note hlutna pawh an chhut bawk ṭhin kan tih tawh kha. US a Ford motor i lei duh anih chuan India pawisa rupee hmangin i lei thei lo. US Dollar-ah i thleng phawt a ngai a, Europe ram pawn Eurokha dollar-ah an thleng a ngai hmasa phawt a ni. US chu Car siamchhuahna hmunpui lian anih siah chuan US Dollar hmanga car lei duh an lo tam a, dollar demand a lo sangin a hlu ta sawt tihna a lo ni.

India ramah chuan RBI hi Interest Rate (RBI aṭanga sum pukna %) siamtu ber a ni a, a duh chuan a tisangin a tihniam thei. A tihsan chuan ramchhûnga chengte tân pawisa pukna rate a sang sawt a, pawisa lengvak a tlem phah ṭhin. A tihniam erawh chuan pawisa lengvak a tam phah a, mahse chu chu Foreign Investor tân a hlawk lo sawt ta ṭhin a ni. Chu chuan India pawisa hlutna ramdang pawisa lakah a tihniam ta ṭhin a ni. Chuvang chuan India pawisa kha an ram pawisaa an rawn thleng duh miau loh avangin supply a tlem ta a lo ni.

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Bungraw chuh hman lohin In kang

POSTED by Dingdi

Sihhmui khuaa Pi Laltanmawii In chu July 1, zirtawp zan dar 11 vel khan bungrua engmah chuh hman lohin a kang fai vek.

Thudawn danin inkang hi Pi Laltanmawii leh a fate pathum luah a ni a. Kang mei hi choka lam atanga chhuak nia hriat a ni a, In kan chhan hi electric kal sual vang nia an rinthu an sawi.

Inkang tuarte hian an bungrua engmah an chuh hman loh bakah an hak lai chiah an chang a. In kangah hian pawisa fai Rs. 10,000 chuang leh bungua Rs. 1,00,000 chuang man hu a kang ral a ni. Sihhmui khawtlang chuan Inrinni hnatlangin insak hna an thawk a, Sairang khawtlangin an pui bawk a.

Tanpui nan vehbur an khawn bawk a ni.

Tlangnuam BDO chuan Silpauline a pe a, Dr.LH Chhuanawma, Lecturer PUC chuan inchung tur rangva a tum sak nia thudawn a ni bawk.

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Nizan dt 3.July 2016 Inkhawm hlan Dar 7:10pm vel khan Pu Lalsiamkunga, Vengpui Sakawrdai In chu bungrua engmah chuh hmanlo in a kang ral vek bawk.

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